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Pippin III and the Pull of Rome

J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269069
eISBN:
9780191600777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269064.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Starts by looking at the weakening of the Merovingian dynasty and the growing divisions between eastern and western Francia (Austrasia and Neustria) from the middle of the 7th century to the middle ... More


Clerics and Clergy: The World of the Seculars

Joseph Bergin

in Church, Society, and Religious Change in France, 1580-1730

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300150988
eISBN:
9780300161069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300150988.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on the “secular” clergy, and in particular on their major distinguishing characteristics, which cannot be satisfactorily conveyed in a purely institutional approach; it conveys ... More


The English Origins of American Catholicism

Maura Jane Farrelly

in Papist Patriots: The Making of an American Catholic Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757718
eISBN:
9780199932504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757718.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The vast majority of Catholics living in Maryland at the time of the American Revolution were of English ancestry. The Catholic experience in early-modern England, therefore, laid the foundation for ... More


The Millennial Kingdom and the Belize Missions

Elizabeth Graham

in Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In this chapter, an argument is made for the role of Franciscans in proselytizing the Maya of Belize. The origins of the regular and secular clergy are described, with a particular focus on ... More


Remaking the Secular Clergy

Joseph Bergin

in Church, Society, and Religious Change in France, 1580-1730

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300150988
eISBN:
9780300161069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300150988.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the problems that arise in the effort to transform the intricate layering of France's secular clergy, which resulted partly from their differing social backgrounds and, partly, ... More


Introduction

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter introduces the main goals of the book: (1) to rectify the neglect of the secular clergy in current historiography; (2) to show just how important the secular clergy were within medieval ... More


The War against the Monks

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Religion

As brethren devoted to advancing a shared religion, monks and secular clerics should in theory have worked harmoniously together. Instead, there was a bitter rivalry, marked by diatribes and insults ... More


The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Hugh M. Thomas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The secular clergy (priests and other clerics outside of monastic orders) were among the most influential and powerful groups in European society during the central Middle Ages, but have hitherto ... More


Clerics and Religious Life

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Surprisingly, it is hard to find out much about the clerical performance of such routine duties as preaching or performing the sacraments. It is therefore difficult to assess the overall quality of ... More


Courtiers, Bureaucrats, and Hell

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

One crucial development of the long twelfth century was the rise of royal and ecclesiastical administration. As scholars have long been aware, the secular clergy played an important role in these ... More


The Wealth of the Secular Clergy

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Collectively, the secular clergy controlled a massive amount of wealth. This derived mainly from ecclesiastical sources, including the lands of cathedrals and collegiate churches, the profits of ... More


Serving Cities: Orders and Their Urban Ministries

in Building Colonial Cities of God: Mendicant Orders and Urban Culture in New Spain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774864
eISBN:
9780804783255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774864.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter focuses on the core functions of the mendicant orders in their urban ministries. These functions and services include preaching, confessing, celebrating masses, providing devotional ... More


Secular Clerics as Collectors and Donors of Books

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Though the libraries of cathedrals and collegiate churches staffed by the secular clergy could not collectively compare to the libraries of the regular clergy, from the middle third of the twelfth ... More


Secular Clerics as Authors and Intellectuals

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Religion

During the long twelfth century, secular clerics authored increasing numbers of works in a variety of genres, including sermons, poems, chronicles, romances, and works on theology, law, and ... More


Secular Clerics as Cultural Patrons and Performers

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Secular clerics played a profoundly important but neglected role in the cultural developments of the Twelfth-Century Renaissance. Because of their performance of the liturgy, they contributed to the ... More


Godfrey of Fontaines—Authority, Obedience, and Resistance

M. S. KEMPSHALL

in The Common Good in Late Medieval Political Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207160
eISBN:
9780191677526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207160.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines Godfrey of Fontaines' scholastic notion of the common good. It notes that Godfrey chooses to follow Aquinas in drawing a close connection between metaphysical goodness in the ... More


English Secular Clerics and the Growth of European Intellectual Life in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

R. W. Southern had a low opinion of England’s role in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance, describing it as an intellectual colony of France. This chapter argues that although England remained ... More


The Model Priest and his Antithesis

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Twelfth-century writers sometimes compared priests to kings, angels, or gods because of their frequent contact with God during the Eucharist and because of their responsibility for pastoral care. ... More


The Aristocratic Cleric

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Contemporary writers often paired elite clerics with knights as distinct but equally high status social groups. Though modern historians rarely consider clerics as part of the aristocracy, powerful ... More


Patronage and Advancement

Hugh M. Thomas

in The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198702566
eISBN:
9780191772269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Competition for benefices in England was fierce in the long twelfth century, and candidates needed whatever edge they could get. Despite the efforts of reformers, benefices continued to be acquired ... More


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