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There Go the Neighbourhoods: Policy Effects vis-à-vis Iraqi Forced Migration

Nabil Al-Tikriti

in Dispossession and Displacement: Forced Migration in the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264591
eISBN:
9780191734397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264591.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the emergence of sectarianism in Iraq. Sectarian identities have long persisted in Iraq. And although they tend to cause violence, sectarian violence did not persist as a social ... More


Turning from Hatred to Community Friendship: Forgiveness Education as a Resource for Strategic Peacebuilding in Postaccord Belfast

Robert D. Enright, Jeanette Knutson Enright, and Anthony C. Holter

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Forgiveness education should have a role in long-term strategies for peacebuilding. The authors argue that forgiveness has the power to break cycles of sectarian violence and makes possible what ... More


The Beginning of the End of the Tahrir Spirit

Mariz Tadros

in Copts at the Crossroads: The Challenges of Building Inclusive Democracy in Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9789774165917
eISBN:
9781617975479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165917.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The sense of religious pluralism of Tahrir Square faded fast following the 18 days, despite the hope of many that sectarian relations would improve with the removal of Mubarak. This chapter looks at ... More


Muslim Separatism and the Bangsamoro Rebellion

Thomas M. McKenna

in Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520210158
eISBN:
9780520919648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520210158.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the watershed decade of 1968 to 1979 in Cotabato, a period of sectarian violence and armed rebellion, and one of economic devastations for many Muslims. It discusses the ... More


Pashtun and Punjabi Taliban: The Jihadi-Sectarian Nexus

Mariam Abou Zahab

in Pakistan: A Kaleidoscope of Islam

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197534595
eISBN:
9780197536186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534595.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter attempts to analyse the dynamics of the Pashtun–Punjabi nexus and the areas of competition and cooperation between Sunni sectarian groups and the Pakistani Taliban. It outlines the links ... More


An Audit of Violence after 1966

Brendan O’Leary

in A Treatise on Northern Ireland, Volume I: Colonialism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780199243341
eISBN:
9780191863462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199243341.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides a systematic and partly comparative survey of the scale of political violence in Northern Ireland 1966–2006, with some additional materials related to the broader costs of the ... More


The SSP: Herald of Militant Sunni Islam in Pakistan

Mariam Abou Zahab

in Pakistan: A Kaleidoscope of Islam

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197534595
eISBN:
9780197536186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534595.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter investigates “sectarianism” in the context of Pakistan. Sectarianism denotes the conflict between the Sunni and Shia communities, which make up about 80 and 20 percent of the population. ... More


Iraq: From Rentier State to Failed State

Rolf Schwarz

in War and State Building in the Middle East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037929
eISBN:
9780813042138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037929.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter looks at the history of the Iraqi state. Much of independent Iraq's history of state making (1958–80) followed the rentier-state paradigm until the onset of the Iran–Iraq War in 1980; ... More


Together Forward?: June–August 2006

Timothy Andrews Sayle, Jeffrey A. Engel, Hal Brands, and William Inboden (eds)

in The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501715181
eISBN:
9781501715204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines debates over US policy in the summer of 2006, focusing particularly on the unhappy results of military efforts to tamp down violence in Baghdad. Two major military ... More


Keeping to the Neighborhood

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0023
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Ali Fahed Mahmood recounts his experience during the Iraq war. Ali Fahed Mahmood recalls how the sectarian war between Shi'ites and Sunnis turned Mansour, a mixed area where he ... More


The Impact of Civil Action on Levels of Violence: Comparing Two Communities during Northern Ireland’s Troubles

Amy E. Grubb

in Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190056896
eISBN:
9780190056933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056896.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study explores the impact of civil action in two communities with different levels of violence during the 1971–1976 period in Northern Ireland’s Troubles. This chapter argues that although ... More


Protest and the Medieval Social Imagination

Amina Elbendary

in Crowds and Sultans: Urban Protest in Late Medieval Egypt and Syria

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774167171
eISBN:
9781617976773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167171.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter considers popular protest as a reflection of how the late medieval societies of Egypt and Syria, especially in their urban centers, imagined the ideal social order. It shows how protest ... More


‘Pat-riot-ism’: Sectarian Violence and Public Disorder

in Irish, Catholic and Scouse: The History of the Liverpool-Irish, 1800-1940

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311079
eISBN:
9781846313363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313363.009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter evaluates ‘Pat-riot-ism’, which bothered the local authorities. Efforts were expended on cultural projects of national regeneration. Sectarian violence became an institution in ... More


The Liverpool Underworld: Crime in the City, 1750-1900

Michael Macilwee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846316999
eISBN:
9781846317064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317064
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the nineteenth century Liverpool gained an unenviable reputation as the most crime–ridden place in the country. Dock theft, alcohol–related crime, prostitution, sectarian violence, a high level of ... More


Secular Speech and Popular Passions: The Antinomies of Indian Secularism

Thomas Blom Hansen

in After Secular Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775366
eISBN:
9780804780704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775366.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the deployment of secularism in India in order to contain sectarian violence following the 1947 Partition. In the shifting boundary between the “cultural” and the “political,” ... More


Questions and Answers

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0015
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Moustafa Ahmed al-Ta'ee talks about his experience during the Iraq war. Al-Ta'ee comes from a modest Sunni family who owned a shop for spare car parts in western Baghdad. He was ... More


Beloveds Lost and Found

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0025
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Maysoon Jahil Obeid, Shiek Jamal Jassim Sudani, Rajiha Jihad Jassim, Entasar Abud Tahan, and Salma Hamid recount their experiences during the Iraq war. In the spring of 2007, Maysoon ... More


Anti-Shia and Punjab-based Resistance

Mona Kanwal Sheikh

in Guardians of God: Inside the Religious Mind of the Pakistani Taliban

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199468249
eISBN:
9780199087341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468249.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter is based on interviews with two spokesmen of movements sometimes called the Punjabi Taliban, namely the Sipahe Sahaba Pakistan (SSP) and Lashkare Tayba (LeT). The SSP is a sectarian ... More


Paths to Safety

Mark Kukis

in Voices from Iraq: A People's History, 2003-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156929
eISBN:
9780231527569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.003.0019
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In this chapter, Maysoon Mahdi and Usra J'bara Hadi recount their experiences during the Iraq war. A mother of three, Maysoon Mahdi has worked since 1986 as an expert on livestock in the Ministry of ... More


The Strange Death of Loyalist Monaghan, 1912–1921

Tim Wilson

in Uncertain Futures: Essays about the Irish Past for Roy Foster

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198748274
eISBN:
9780191810930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748274.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Republican attempts to push back the border of Northern Ireland through armed struggle have been well studied. Loyalist attempts to push in the other direction have been entirely overlooked. Yet, in ... More


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