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Is the Commission all that different? Reflections on comparative international bureaucracies

Jarle Trondal

in An Emergent European Executive Order

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579426
eISBN:
9780191722714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579426.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 6 poses the question: Is the Commission all that different compared to other international bureaucracies? This chapter unpacks the executive arms—the bureaucratic interior—of international ... More


Atmospheric Police: Delegated Authority in the Clean Development Mechanism

Jessica F. Green

in Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines why states decided to delegate key monitoring tasks to private actors in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. It first provides an overview of the ... More


The CDM Project Cycle and the Role of the UNFCCC Secretariat

Netto Maria and Barani Schmidt Kai-Uwe

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provides for three ‘market-oriented mechanisms’: joint implementation (JI); emissions trading (ET); and the ... More


A Bridge too Far (1982–1986)

Simon J. Nuttall

in European Political Co-operation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273189
eISBN:
9780191684005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273189.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the activities of the European Political Co-operation (EPC) during the period from 1982 to 1986. After the adoption of the London Report in 1981, the EPC established a ... More


The Ministry of Finance

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Ministry of Finance (MOF) has occupied a commanding and dominating position in fiscal, financial, and economic policy-making in Japan. However, by the end of the 20th century, the MOF's formal ... More


Last Battles

Gabriel Sheffer

in Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279945
eISBN:
9780191684326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.003.0033
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Lavon's departure as the Histadrut secretary-general did not put an end to the Affair. Immediately after the Central Committee meeting that had voted on the sacking, a third stage, in which Sharett ... More


International Water Authorities and the Role of Secretariats

Elli Louka

in Water Law and Policy: Governance Without Frontiers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374131
eISBN:
9780199871841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374131.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the role of secretariats in international water commissions. It argues that the implementation of the water framework directive will depend on political will. This political ... More


Dangerous Diplomacy: Bureaucracy, Power Politics, and the Role of the UN Secretariat in Rwanda

Herman T. Salton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198733591
eISBN:
9780191797972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733591.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book assesses the role of the UN Secretariat in the Rwandan genocide. With the help of new sources, including the personal diaries and private papers of the late Sir Marrack Goulding, it ... More


The Making of Party Policy

JOHN BARNES and RICHARD COCKETT

in Conservative Century: The Conservative Party since 1900

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202387
eISBN:
9780191675317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202387.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter highlights the focus upon the short term rather than the long, upon practical politics rather than theory, and upon action rather than reflection. It explores the creation and roles of ... More


Forging the Nation: The Postrevolutionary Years

Ruth Hellier-Tinoco

in Embodying Mexico: Tourism, Nationalism & Performance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195340365
eISBN:
9780199896998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340365.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music, Dance

This chapter contextualizes the historical, political, and ideological trajectory through eras of prehispanicity, colonization, independence with burgeoning forms of nationalism and indigenismo, ... More


Funding the Claims Process

HOWARD M. HOLTZMANN and EDDA KRISTJÁNSDÓTTIR

in International Mass Claims Processes: Legal and Practical Perspectives

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207442
eISBN:
9780191708695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207442.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses the funding of the claims process. Topics covered include the costs of running the Claims Process; the roles, if any, that Secretariat staff and decision-makers play in ... More


The Working World of International Organizations: Authority, Capacity, Legitimacy

Xu Yi-chong and Patrick Weller

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198719496
eISBN:
9780191788598
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719496.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

International organizations (IOs) matter. Based on extensive interviews and exchanges with key players in IOs in the past decade, this book uncovers the regular working world of IOs, to challenge the ... More


ICSID from 2000 to 2010

Antonio R. Parra

in The History of ICSID

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199660568
eISBN:
9780191743382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660568.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter examines activities of the Centre in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Section I begins by reviewing ratifications of the ICSID Convention in the period 2000 to 2010. It then ... More


The OCC and the Tribunals

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the structure of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMTs), which conducted the twelve NMT trials. Section 1 examines Ordinance No. 7, the military directive that established the ... More


The UN Secretary-General and the Security Council: A Dynamic Relationship

Manuel Fröhlich and Abiodun Williams (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198748915
eISBN:
9780191811609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198748915.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The United Nations Secretary-General and the United Nations Security Council spend significant amounts of time on their relationship with each other. They rely on each other for such important ... More


UNCTAD VII: Compulsions for a New Beginning

Khadija Haq (ed.)

in Economic Growth with Social Justice: Collected Writings of Mahbub ul Haq

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199474684
eISBN:
9780199089833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474684.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, Haq expresses deep concern for UNCTAD as an organization. He explains how UNCTAD became more of a partisan secretariat for developing countries rather than fulfilling its role as the ... More


Cabinets and Services: Coordination inside the Commission

Hussein Kassim

in The European Commission of the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199599523
eISBN:
9780191751530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599523.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Coordination is a challenge for any organization, but in the Commission’s case it is especially problematic. According to the scholarly literature and insider testimony, centrifugal forces are ... More


‘A Fragile Flower’: Britain and the Headship of the Commonwealth

Philip Murphy

in Monarchy and the End of Empire: The House of Windsor, the British Government, and the Postwar Commonwealth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199214235
eISBN:
9780191746680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214235.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The chapter considers the implications of the role of Head of the Commonwealth. It traces how it changed from being a purely symbolic role to one with quasi-ceremonial functions. It suggests that the ... More


Conclusion: The Commission of the Twenty-First Century—What Kind of Administration?

Hussein Kassim

in The European Commission of the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199599523
eISBN:
9780191751530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599523.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The findings show the Commission to be a very different organization from understanding of the organization in the popular mind and its portrayal in earlier studies. Officials are not career ... More


Amnesty International: The NGO That Made Human Rights Important

Wendy H. Wong

in Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450792
eISBN:
9780801466069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450792.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on Amnesty International, the classic case of an NGO which has a centralized system for proposal and enforcement powers and a decentralized system for implementation. Amnesty ... More


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