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Fraternal Orders, Disfranchisement, and the Institutional Growth of Black Religion

John M. Giggie

in After Redemption: Jim Crow and the Transformation of African American Religion in the Delta, 1875-1915

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195304039
eISBN:
9780199866885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304039.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, History of Religion

This chapter studies how Delta blacks expanded the organizational basis of their religion during the late 1800s by integrating dimensions of African American fraternal culture into their spiritual ... More


Finding a Structure

Ronald Hutton

in The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207443
eISBN:
9780191677670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207443.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter traces the widespread growth of secret societies in Europe from the 18th century onwards. Members were initiated into these societies upon an oath to observe confidentiality of ... More


Secret Manipulations: Language and Context in Africa

Anne Storch

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199768974
eISBN:
9780199914425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book deals with a specific form of language change: deliberate manipulations of a language by its speakers. These manipulations are based and depending on cultural and social contexts, they are ... More


Losing Naples

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter reconstructs the events that followed Murat's defection to the Allies in 1814, his subsequent decision to rally to Napoleon after the flight from Elba, and his defeat by the Austrians at ... More


Revolution

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In 1820-21, Naples and Sicily were the theatres of one of the strangest revolutions in 19th-century Europe. This chapter describes the events that led the king (Ferdinand I – formerly Ferdinand IV) ... More


Secrecy, Sacrilege and the State

Ferdinand de Jong

in Masquerades of Modernity: Power and Secrecy in Casamance, Senegal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633197
eISBN:
9780748670642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633197.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

This chapter examines the historical trajectory of the Kankurang, a masquerade that is held to protect the initiates of the ‘Mandinko circumcision’ against witchcraft. It demonstrates that legal ... More


The Second Army and the Greek Revolution, 1821–1822

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter covers the outbreak of the Greek revolt in 1821 and the early diplomacy of the crisis. It considers the origins of Ypsilantis's revolt in 1820–21; the Tsarist reaction in 1821–22; the ... More


Rehearsing Revolution

Elizabeth J. Perry

in Anyuan: Mining China's Revolutionary Tradition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271890
eISBN:
9780520954038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271890.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter provides background on the history of the Anyuan coal mine and its surrounding area. It describes previous rebellions in the region, especially the Ping-Liu-Li Uprising of 1906, and ... More


Unmasking What We Know about Hidden Organizations

Craig R. Scott

in Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses, and Covert Collectives: Rethinking Organizations in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804781381
eISBN:
9780804785631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781381.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines relevant research about hidden organizations as it has emerged in various disciplines. It addresses work on secret societies, criminal organizations, the informal economy, ... More


A Secret Society History of the Civil War

Mark A. Lause

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036552
eISBN:
9780252093593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036552.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This history of the Civil War considers the impact of nineteenth-century American secret societies on the path to as well as the course of the war. Beginning with the European secret societies that ... More


Embodying Methodist Theology: Diverging Conceptions of Holy Living in American Methodist Theology

Kevin M. Watson

in Old or New School Methodism?: The Fragmentation of a Theological Tradition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190844516
eISBN:
9780190844547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190844516.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the diverging conceptions of holy living in Simpson and Roberts in depth. The chapter argues that Simpson was most concerned with growing and expanding the Methodist Episcopal ... More


Egyptian Mysteries and Secret Societies in the Age of Enlightenment

Jan Assmann

in From Akhenaten to Moses: Ancient Egypt and Religious Change

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789774166310
eISBN:
9781617975899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166310.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

The 18th century was the age not only of enlightenment but also of secret societies. Many of them—Freemasons and Illuminati—discovered in what they understood as “Egyptian mysteries” the origin of ... More


Ritual Ground: Bent's Old Fort, World Formation, and the Annexation of the Southwest

Douglas Comer

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520204294
eISBN:
9780520918702
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520204294.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

From about 1830 to 1849, Bent's Old Fort, located in present-day Colorado on the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail, was the largest trading post in the Southwest and the mountain-plains region. ... More


In the Wake of the Great Rebellion: Republicanism, Agrarianism and Banditry in Ireland After 1798

James G. Patterson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076930
eISBN:
9781781700822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076930.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

On Monday 19 September 1803, the most significant trial in the history of Ireland took place in Dublin. At the dock stood a twenty-five-year-old former Trinity College student and doctor's son. His ... More


A Kingdom Divided

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Following from the analysis of brigandage and its causes, this chapter examines the consequences of Murat's increasingly insecure place in the imperial enterprise. The confrontation with Napoleon in ... More


Epilogue: Long Shadows: Lineages of the Secret Society Tradition in America

Mark A. Lause

in A Secret Society History of the Civil War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036552
eISBN:
9780252093593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036552.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This epilogue examines the lineages of the secret society tradition in America. The lineages of the mid-nineteenth-century American secret societies persisted through the rest of the century and ... More


“We Sell Services; We Do Not Sell People”: Case Study of “Syndicate X” in KL

Christine B. N. Chin

in Cosmopolitan Sex Workers: Women and Migration in a Global City

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890910
eISBN:
9780199345489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890910.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter Five examines ‘Syndicate X’ (pseudonym), its historical origins, organization structure and operations. This syndicate is one of the largest groups specializing exclusively in non-trafficked ... More


Prologue: Old World Contours: Revolutionary Politics and the Secret Society Tradition

Mark A. Lause

in A Secret Society History of the Civil War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036552
eISBN:
9780252093593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036552.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This prologue discusses the proliferation of revolutionaries and revolutionary secret societies in America in the wake of the revolts of 1848–49. Americans initially shared with Europe the mechanisms ... More


Secret Societies in Ancient Judaism

Michael E. Stone

in Secret Groups in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190842383
eISBN:
9780190842413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842383.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter deals with the sources available for knowledge of Jewish esoteric groups, distinguishing between “insider” and “outsider” sources. The Essenes and the Qumran covenanters as a secret ... More


Youth in Sierra Leone

Susan Shepler

in Childhood Deployed: Remaking Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814724965
eISBN:
9780814760192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724965.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes aspects of the practice of childhood in Sierra Leone—child labor, secret society initiations, child fosterage, and education and apprenticeship—that are continuous with the ... More


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