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The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In this text, a variety of modal logics at the sentential, first-order, and second-order levels are developed with clarity, precision, and philosophical insight. All of the S1-S5 modal logics of ... More


Foundations without Foundationalism: A Case for Second-Order Logic

Stewart Shapiro

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250296
eISBN:
9780191598388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250290.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A language is second‐order, or higher‐order, if it has bound variables that range over properties or sets of the items in the range of the ordinary, first‐order variables. This book presents a formal ... More


Electoral Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy in the European Union

Jean Blondel, Richard Sinnott, and Palle Svensson

in People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293088
eISBN:
9780191598814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293089.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Sets the context for this study of the relationship between people and parliament in the European Union and of the problem of participation in European Parliament elections by considering the meaning ... More


The European Parliament: Power, Responsiveness, Image, and Participation

Jean Blondel, Richard Sinnott, and Palle Svensson

in People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293088
eISBN:
9780191598814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293089.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Examines perceptions of the power and reliability of the European Parliament and affective images of the Parliament as measured by an open‐ended, likes–dislikes question. As with the previous ... More


Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns

Jean Blondel, Richard Sinnott, and Palle Svensson

in People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293088
eISBN:
9780191598814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293089.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Takes up the question of the perceptions of, and attitudes to, parties and candidates in European and national elections. Measures of party differentials and candidate differentials are presented, ... More


Sources of Participation and Abstention

Jean Blondel, Richard Sinnott, and Palle Svensson

in People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293088
eISBN:
9780191598814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293089.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Having briefly considered the evidence of correlations between demographic characteristics and participation/abstention, Ch. 8 categorizes the large number of potential influences on ... More


A Theory of Informal Politics

Jeffrey Stacey

in Integrating Europe: Informal Politics and Institutional Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199584765
eISBN:
9780191723506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584765.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Whereas Chapter 1 reviews general theories of European integration, Chapter 2 contains a review of theories of institutional change with a particular emphasis on a troika of institutionalist ... More


A Comparative Analysis of Voting Behaviour

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter presents a comparative analysis of voting behaviour in 19 EU referendums held in Denmark, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Spain between 1972 and 2008. It relies ... More


Reconstrual of “Free Will” From the Agentic Perspective of Social Cognitive Theory

Albert Bandura

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reconstrues “free will” in terms of the exercise of personal control through cognitive and self-regulative processes. In this conception, psychosocial functioning is the product of a ... More


TREE DECOMPOSITIONS OF GRAPHS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter provides an introduction to tree decomposition and treewidth, important concepts from modern graph theory. Treewidth is one of the best studied and most significant structural ... More


Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Stephen Handel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book describes the conceptual similarities and differences between auditory and visual perception. The incoming energy is a single world containing objects, events, and various sources of light ... More


Quantification and Plurality

Paul M. Pietroski

in Events and Semantic Architecture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

In principle, Conjunctivists can treat determiners, like ‘every’, as predicates satisfied by ordered pairs of sets. But this recapitulates standard Functionist accounts, which fail to explain various ... More


Determinateness, Hyper‐Determinateness, and Super‐Determinateness

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is about whether we can make sense of a notion of hyper-determinacy that will transcend the hierarchy of iterations of the determinacy operators and restore paradox. To investigate this, ... More


Posthuman Metamorphosis: Narrative and Systems

Bruce Clarke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823228508
eISBN:
9780823240999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823228508.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

From Dr. Moreau's Beast People to David Cronenberg's Brundlefly, Stanislaw Lem's robot constructors in the Cyberiad to Octavia Butler's human/alien constructs in the Xenogenesis trilogy, this book ... More


Higher‐order Logic Reconsidered

Ignacio Jané

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Second-order languages, canonically understood, allow quantification over all sets of objects in the range of the first-order variables. In this chapter two arguments are given against the ... More


Perception of Motion

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Multiple stimulus dimensions and multiple perceptual processes affect the perception of motion and the dominant one is a function of the overall context. In apparent motion configurations, the first ... More


In Praise of Pedantic Eclecticism: Pitfalls and Opportunities in the Psychology of Judging

Dan Simon

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Chapter deals with methodological constraints and possibilities in employing experimental psychology towards an understanding of judging. While acknowledging the concern with the ... More


Preferences, Risk, and Stochastic Dominance

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Focuses on preferences, attitude to risk and the ranking of risky returns. The state space model is discussed and related to risk aversion. First, second, and higher order stochastic dominance ... More


German Electoral Politics

Geoffrey K. Roberts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069901
eISBN:
9781781701584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069901.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The study of German electoral politics has been neglected of late, despite being one of the most pervasive elements of the German political process. This book argues that concentration on electoral ... More


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