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Narrative and the Knowledge of Persons

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

On the basis of recent research in developmental psychology and neurobiology, this chapter explains the nature of the knowledge of persons and the second-person experience that enables the knowledge ... More


Morality and Practical Reason:: A Kantian Approach

Stephen Darwall

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A central theme of Kant’s approach to moral philosophy is that moral obligations are categorical, by which he means that they provide supremely authoritative reasons for acting independently of an ... More


Testimony, Trust, and Authority

Benjamin McMyler

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794331
eISBN:
9780199914616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794331.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Much of what we know is acquired by taking things on the word of other people whom we trust and treat as authorities concerning what to believe. But what exactly is it to take someone's word for ... More


Authority, Autonomy, and Second-Personal Reasons

Benjamin McMyler

in Testimony, Trust, and Authority

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794331
eISBN:
9780199914616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794331.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One might object to the interpersonal account of testimony developed thus far by arguing that there are no genuinely second-personal reasons for belief, that the relations of authority and ... More


Trusting A Person

Benjamin McMyler

in Testimony, Trust, and Authority

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794331
eISBN:
9780199914616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794331.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One might object to the interpersonal account of the epistemology of testimony developed in chapters 2 and 3 by arguing that relations of interpersonal trust are a matter for ethics, not ... More


Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Hanoch Sheinman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Promises are routinely treated as a useful philosophical laboratory for testing moral, volitional, and social phenomena. Recently, they have also come to be treated as a philosophical topic in their ... More


First, second, and third person inquiry

Geralyn Hynes

in Participatory Research in Palliative Care: Actions and Reflections

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644155
eISBN:
9780191749094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644155.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter outlines first, second and third person in action research from different theoretical perspectives. First, second and third person inquiry bring different but complementary aspects to an ... More


Three Models of Epistemic Dependence

Benjamin McMyler

in Testimony, Trust, and Authority

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794331
eISBN:
9780199914616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794331.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes between three competing models for understanding the way in which, in believing something on the basis of testimony, an audience is epistemically dependent on a speaker and ... More


The Second Person

Donald Davidson

in Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective: Philosophical Essays Volume 3

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237532
eISBN:
9780191597312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237537.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The author argues that language is necessarily a social phenomenon. The argument draws heavily on considerations advanced in favour of the thesis that meaning something requires understanding, and ... More


Self-Monitoring

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

High self-monitors are people who act like “social chameleons”: they change the way they present themselves depending upon who they are with. In contrast, low self-monitors are simply themselves: ... More


Internal Evidence for Continuity and Leveling

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Variable hierarchies and constraint hierarchies are first studied in baseline reference lects in both regions. Variable hierarchies are the same in both regions and remain the same cross‐regionally ... More


Ideas for an Affective “Neuro-physio-phenomenology”

Giovanna Colombetti

in The Feeling Body: Affective Science Meets the Enactive Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019958
eISBN:
9780262318419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019958.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the enactivist research program of “neurophenomenology”, and argues that it should be applied to the scientific study of emotion experience. Affective neuroscience so far has ... More


Knowing at Second Hand

Benjamin McMyler

in Testimony, Trust, and Authority

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794331
eISBN:
9780199914616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794331.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Both reductionists and anti-reductionists about testimony commonly describe knowledge acquired from testimony as knowledge acquired at second hand. This chapter argues that appreciating the ... More


Interpersonal Self-Consciousness

Christopher Peacocke

in The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199699568
eISBN:
9780191760730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699568.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Interpersonal self-consciousness is a particular form of awareness that one features, in another’s consciousness, as a conscious subject. It is involved in joint action; linguistic communication; ... More


My Pronoun, ’tis of Thee: Thou Art Lost and Gone Forever

Allan Metcalf

in The Life of Guy: Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder Plot, and the Unlikely History of an Indispensable Word

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190669201
eISBN:
9780190060794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190669201.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 8 interrupts the narrative to explain the importance of the further development of “Guy” to “guy” or “guys.” It tells about the second-person personal pronouns of English from Old English ... More


Demystifying Promises

Stephen Darwall

in Honor, History, and Relationship: Essays in Second-Personal Ethics II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199662609
eISBN:
9780191748417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662609.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with philosophical puzzles about promising. The traditional problem has been to explain how it is possible to place oneself under obligation simply by expressing one's will ... More


Guys Victorious

Allan Metcalf

in The Life of Guy: Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder Plot, and the Unlikely History of an Indispensable Word

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190669201
eISBN:
9780190060794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190669201.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

“You guys” or plain “guys” has now become the standard second-person plural personal pronoun used by most of us. We know that because we don’t have to stop and think about it; we just use it as the ... More


Future Guys

Allan Metcalf

in The Life of Guy: Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder Plot, and the Unlikely History of an Indispensable Word

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190669201
eISBN:
9780190060794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190669201.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

So “you guys” and plain “guys” have succeeded in filling the vacuum in second-person plural pronouns left by the departure of “thou.” What’s next? Four possible futures come to mind: (1) “guys” could ... More


Rights’ Relation to the First and Second Person

Rowan Cruft

in Human Rights, Ownership, and the Individual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198793366
eISBN:
9780191884122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793366.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 develops a new account of what it is to be owed a duty. There are two parts to the analysis. The first part says that it is distinctive of a duty owed to a capable party (an adult, young ... More


The Life of Guy: Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder Plot, and the Unlikely History of an Indispensable Word

Allan Metcalf

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190669201
eISBN:
9780190060794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190669201.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This book is about the name “Guy” and its slow, mostly unnoticed development over four centuries since it began on November 5, 1605, with the suddenly famous Guy Fawkes, who was arrested just in time ... More


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