Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 21 items

  • Keywords: second law of thermodynamics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Kelvin—The Legacy

Andrew Whitaker

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the legacy of Lord Kelvin. A century after his death, Kelvin's name is also associated with the Kelvin-Planck statement of the second law of thermodynamics, and several other ... More


Thermodynamics and the Origins of Order

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The creationist claim that evolution is inconsistent with the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy in the universe increases, is discussed and refuted: local reductions in entropy ... More


THERMODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses thermodynamic principles. Topics covered include the laws of thermodynamics, the second law of thermodynamics, the principle of Caratheodory, a comparison of various methods of ... More


Heat engines and the second law

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the second law of thermodynamics, which is illustrated with an application to the theory of 'heat engines' - machines that produce work from a temperature difference between ... More


Energy flow

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The second law of thermodynamics is central to understanding ecology, although it is ignored by most ecology text books. It follows from the second law that all organisms must draw free energy from ... More


Planck, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and Black‐body Radiation

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

in Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Planck’s work on black‐body radiation grew out of a failed attempt to use electrodynamics to show that entropy can never decrease, i.e., that the second law of thermodynamics is not just a ... More


Gaia: Toward a Thermodynamics of Life

Eric D. Schneider

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter sheds light on an important connecting principle of nature, one which helps explain processes as different as boiling pots of highly organized fluids, hurricanes, pulsating chemical ... More


Time irreversibility and the H-theorem

CARLO CERCIGNANI

in Ludwig Boltzmann: The Man Who Trusted Atoms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570646
eISBN:
9780191717949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570646.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ludwig Boltzmann not only showed that his Boltzmann equation, which captures the essence of the second law of thermodynamics in mathematical form, admits James Clerk Maxwell's distribution as an ... More


Impossible Things, Difficult Things

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Difficult questions addressed are: why are there two main forms of energy, potential and kinetic, and is one of them more fundamental? Kinetic energy – where does it go when we change reference ... More


From Mechanical Reduction To General Principles

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter is devoted to a few general principles that have received mechanical or dynamical justifications: the principle of energy conservation, the principle of least action, and the two laws of ... More


William Thomson (Lord Kelvin)

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0032
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Being raised on the caloric theory in which heat is a conserved quantity, Thomson faced challenges in accepting Clausius’ analysis of Carnot’s heat engine. Once he finally overcame these challenges, ... More


The Laws of Thermodynamics: Thomson and Clausius

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) defined the absolute scale of temperature. He heard of Joule’s work in 1847 but could not reconcile Joule’s interconversions between heat and mechanical energy with ... More


Subjective Probability and Statistical Physics

Jos Uffink

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines subjectivist interpretations of probabilities in statistical physics. It provides an introduction to subjectivism about probabilities and its main tenets by tracing its history, ... More


Nineteenth Century

Don S. Lemons

in Drawing Physics: 2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035903
eISBN:
9780262338745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035903.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The Romantic Movement gave impetus to a process of unifying the forces of nature – an impetus that bore fruit in, especially, Oersted’s demonstraton of the magnetic effect of electrical currents ... More


Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Robert T. Hanlon

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

At the heart of many fields—physics, chemistry, engineering—lays thermodynamics. While this science plays a critical role in determining the boundary between what is and is not possible in the ... More


What’s Wrong with This Picture?: The Description of Nature at the End of the Nineteenth Century

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Despite its intuitive appeal, classical mechanics is just as fraught with conceptual difficulties and problems of interpretation as its quantum replacement. The problems just happen to be rather less ... More


The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Greg M. Anderson and David A. Crerar

in Thermodynamics in Geochemistry: The Equilibrium Model

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195064643
eISBN:
9780197560198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195064643.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

We have seen that the first great principle of energy transfers is that energy is conserved. The essence of the second principle or law has to do with energy availability, or with the ... More


The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Second Law. The definition of entropy, and its mathematical properties. The Clausius inequality, and the criterion of spontaneity of change in an isolated system. Worked examples of heat flow ... More


Planck’s Derivation of E=hν: The Quantization of Energy

Jim Baggott

in The Quantum Cookbook: Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198827856
eISBN:
9780191866579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827856.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Planck was unwilling to accept Boltzmann’s statistical interpretation of the second law. He therefore needed to find a way to show how irreversible processes could result from continuous matter. ... More


The bioenergetics of living cells

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Living systems create order, and appear to break the Second Law. This chapter explains, and resolves, this apparent paradox, drawing on the concept of coupled reactions (as introduced in Chapters 13 ... More


View: