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Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

David J. Pym and Eike Ritter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526339
eISBN:
9780191712012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This a research study about logic. Logic is both part of and has roles in many disciplines, including inter alia, mathematics, computing, and philosophy. The topic covered here — the mathematical ... More


Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

John M Findlay and Iain D Gilchrist

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

More than one third of the human brain is devoted to the processes of seeing — vision is after all the main way in which we gather information about the world. But human vision is a dynamic process ... More


Casuistical Free Exercise Jurisprudence: A Summary and Some Conclusions

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Perceptions of authoritarian injustice or of anarchical laxity are just as harmful to the integrity of the justice system as actual impropriety. Casuistry offers clear, definable ... More


Problemistic Search and (Inter‐)Organizational Learning

Henrich R. Greve

in The Institutions of the Market: Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231423
eISBN:
9780191710865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231423.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter addresses the question of how the institutional environment relates to organizational learning. Two areas of research on organizational change are distinguished: the concept of ... More


DEPTH-BOUNDED SEARCH TREES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents the second very basic design technique for fixed-parameter algorithms: depth-bounded search trees. It starts with simple observations and some basic definitions and facts, ... More


Crystallographic databases

Jacqueline Cole

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses the concept of a database and its specific application to crystallography. Crystallographic databases generally contain bibliographic and experimental information, which in ... More


Mirages and Mad Beliefs: Proust the Skeptic

Christopher Prendergast

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155203
eISBN:
9781400846313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155203.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Marcel Proust was long the object of a cult in which the main point of reading his great novel In Search of Lost Time was to find, with its narrator, a redemptive epiphany in a pastry and a cup of ... More


Optimal Strategies and Heuristics for Ecological Search Problems

John M. McNamara and Tim W. Fawcett

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

All animals, including humans, search for a variety of different things in their natural environment, from food to mates to a suitable place to live. Most types of search can be represented as ... More


HOW WE COME TO KNOW: UNDERSTANDING INFORMATION-SEEKING BEHAVIOR

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter surveys the research in information seeking behavior, defined as the patterns of behavior that people display when they experience information needs, make choices about where and how to ... More


Memory Scanning, Visual Search, and Same-Different Designs

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines three classes of closely-related experiments called memory scanning, visual search, and matching. Topics discussed include memory scanning and visual search; the serial, ... More


The limits of conventional cladistic analysis

Jerrold I. Davis, Kevin C. Nixon, and Damon P. Little

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Software for cladistic analysis has been widely available for more than twenty years, and a series of advances made during this time have facilitated the analysis of matrices of ever-increasing size. ... More


Dot-coms: On top of the world for a while

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Many dot.com companies, declared to be the winners in the new economy, were expected to change completely the paradigm of doing business and drive down the market shares of traditional “bricks and ... More


Search for Counterparties

Darrell Duffie

in Dark Markets: Asset Pricing and Information Transmission in Over-the-Counter Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138961
eISBN:
9781400840519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138961.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter introduces the modeling of search and random matching in large economies. The objective is to build intuition and techniques for later chapters. After some mathematical prerequisites, it ... More


Colouring the Flower

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

One of the most obvious ways in which flowers differ from one another is in their colour. This colour is usually the result of pigment deposition in the petals, but in some species brightly coloured ... More


Visual Search

Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter considers the range of visual search tasks, from those involving very briefly presented stimuli to those involving search processes that extend over many days. Most of the discussion ... More


Unpacking Cognitive Search: Mechanisms and Processes

Thorsten Pachur, Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers, Eddy J. Davelaar, Nathaniel D. Daw, Michael R. Dougherty, Bernhard Hommel, Michael D. Lee, Sean M. Polyn, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Peter M. Todd, and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter discusses commonalities and differences in the cognitive mechanisms underlying different search tasks, such as spatial search, visual search, memory retrieval, action search, problem ... More


Ecological and Behavioral Approaches to Search Behavior

David W. Stephens, Iain Couzin, and Luc-Alain Giraldeau

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter offers a selective review of behavioral and ecological perspectives on search behavior. Basic results from foraging theory are presented and their relationship to search is discussed. ... More


Searching for Fundamentals and Commonalities of Search

John M. C. Hutchinson, David W. Stephens, Melissa Bateson, Iain Couzin, Reuven Dukas, Luc-Alain Giraldeau, Thomas T. Hills, Frederic Méry, and Bruce Winterhalder

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter reports the discussion of a group of mostly behavioral biologists, who attempt to put research on search from their own discipline into a framework that might help identify parallels ... More


Search, Goals, and the Brain

Catharine A. Winstanley, Trevor W. Robbins, Bernard W. Balleine, Joshua W. Brown, Christian Büchel, Roshan Cools, Daniel Durstewitz, John P. O’Doherty, Cyriel M. A. Pennartz, A. David Redish, and Jeremy K. Seamans

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

The process of cognitive search invokes a purposeful and iterative process by which an organism considers information of a potentially diverse nature and selects a particular option that best matches ... More


Against Security: How We Go Wrong at Airports, Subways, and Other Sites of Ambiguous Danger

Harvey Molotch

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163581
eISBN:
9781400852338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163581.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The inspections we put up with at airport gates and the endless warnings we get at train stations, on buses, and all the rest are the way we encounter the vast apparatus of U.S. security. Like the ... More


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