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Foundations of Search: A Perspective from Computer Science

James A. R. Marshall and Frank Neumann

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Since Alan Turing, computer scientists have been interested in understanding natural intelligence by reproducing it in machine form. The field of artificial intelligence is characterized, to a large ... More


Quantum algorithms

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

As computers get faster and faster, the size of the circuitry imprinted onto silicon chips decreases. The size of the circuitry becomes so small that its behavior is governed by the laws of quantum ... More


Empirical Identification of the Vector Autoregression: The Causes and Effects of US M2 *

Kevin D. Hoover, Selva Demiralp, and Stephen J. Perez

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The M2 monetary aggregate is monitored by the Federal Reserve, using a broad brush theoretical analysis and an informal empirical analysis. This chapter illustrates empirical identification of an ... More


Optimal Winner Determination Algorithms

Tuomas Sandholm

in Combinatorial Auctions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033428
eISBN:
9780262302920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033428.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the optimal winner determination algorithm, which is used for solving the general problem where bids are not restricted. It further focuses on different fundamental design ... More


When Formulas Freeze: Phase Transitions in Computation

Cristopher Moore and Stephan Mertens

in The Nature of Computation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199233212
eISBN:
9780191775079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Certain formulas, such as the 3-SAT formula, undergo a phase transition from almost certain satisfiability to almost certain unsatisfiability when the number of constraints per variable reaches a ... More


Comparisons of 1-cut Selection with Autometrics

David F. Hendry

in Empirical Model Discovery and Theory Evaluation: Automatic Selection Methods in Econometrics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262028356
eISBN:
9780262324410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028356.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Having established that the properties of bias-corrected 1-cut selections match our three criteria, having appropriate gauge and potency, with near unbiased estimates, and relatively small MSEs, we ... More


Backpropagation and Multiple Signal Classification Imaging of Small Inclusions

Habib Ammari, Elie Bretin, Josselin Garnier, Hyeonbae Kang, Hyundae Lee, and Abdul Wahab

in Mathematical Methods in Elasticity Imaging

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165318
eISBN:
9781400866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165318.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter deals with direct imaging of small inclusions and cracks in the static regime, focusing on MUSIC- and migration-type algorithms for detecting the small defects. MUSIC, reverse-time ... More


Evaluating Model Selection

David F. Hendry

in Empirical Model Discovery and Theory Evaluation: Automatic Selection Methods in Econometrics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262028356
eISBN:
9780262324410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028356.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Empirical models could be chosen according to many criteria, as this chapter discusses. Selection criteria can conflict, such as achieving empirical congruence may thwart theory consistency and vice ... More


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