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Frozen oceans in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Sea ice interposes a solid interface between two fluid phases, the biologically productive sea water and air. It modifies environmental conditions in the sea below and also provides a platform on ... More


Dynamic Feedbacks and Accelerating Changes

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores linkages and feedbacks between global environmental change and globalization. It first shows how interactions between the two processes may enhance global connectivities and ... More


Sea and lake ice

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Sea ice covers a significant area of the polar regions, particularly in winter. This chapter discusses the formation and nature of different types of sea ice. The biological makeup of sea ice ... More


Ice in nature

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter surveys the many forms in which ice occur in nature. Lake and river ice have characteristic polycrystalline structures and these are different from sea ice. In the atmosphere water ... More


A Brief Overview of Recent Climate Change and Its Ecological Context

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter summarizes the most prominent abiotic components of recent climate change to establish the environmental context from which the discussion in the rest of the book proceeds. ... More


An introduction to ice environments and their biology

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the physical and chemical nature of ice and snow environments, and their biology. The communities of ice and snow environments are dominated by microorganisms, including ... More


Glaciers Are White, Oceans Are Blue, the Earth Is Warming, and So Are You!

Jorge Daniel Taillant

in Meltdown: The Earth Without Glaciers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190080327
eISBN:
9780197578049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080327.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the critical role glaciers play in reflecting solar heat back into space and how the melting of glaciers reveals darker land and water surfaces that leads to surface heat ... More


Neoglacial Sea Ice and Life History Flexibility in Ringed and Fur Seals

Susan J. Crockford and Gay S. Frederick

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Ringed seals and fur seals inhabit the Bering Sea portion of the North Pacific Coast. This chapter provides evidence that Neoglacial sea ice expansion pushed Bering Sea populations of pack ... More


Invasion of the Poles

Joanna Legeżyńska, Claude De Broyer, and Jan Marcin Węsławski

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Polar Crustacea show high taxonomic and functional diversity and hold crucial roles within regional food webs. Despite the differences in the evolutionary history of the two Polar regions, present ... More


Dune systems in relation to rising seas

Anwar Maun and Dianne Fahselt

in The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570356
eISBN:
9780191916731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570356.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Beaches and associated dunes are constituted of unconsolidated materials, such as sand, and thus are low-strength land forms less robust than rocky cliffs (van der Meulen et al. 1991). It is ... More


Climate Change and Arctic Cases: A Normative Exploration of Social-Ecological System Analysis

Amy Lauren Lovecraft

in Political Theory and Global Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262220842
eISBN:
9780262285445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262220842.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the effect of climate change on Arctic ecosystems using social-ecological systems (SES) analysis. It also considers the effect of global climate change on the social dynamics of ... More


The Big Heat

Sharon Levy

in Once and Future Giants: What Ice Age Extinctions Tell Us About the Fate of Earth's Largest Animals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195370126
eISBN:
9780190267766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370126.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter illustrates the various effects of shifting location and thickness of sea ice in Alaska. It discusses how these changes affect the Inupiat's means of living, polar bears, whales, and ... More


The Frenzy of Fossil Fuels

Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway

in The Collapse of Western Civilization: A View from the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169547
eISBN:
9780231537957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169547.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter details the increase in fossil fuel production and consumption that led to climate change. In 2005, the U.S. Energy Policy Act exempted shale gas drilling from regulatory oversight under ... More


Split

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Over the North Atlantic the eddy-driven jet stream finally separates from the subtropical jet, forming a split jet structure. Free from the steady influence of the Hadley cell, the northern jet is ... More


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