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Military medicine in transition: Mesopotamia, June 1916–November 1918

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

From 1916 the very dismal medical situation in Mesopotamia began to improve due to a massive injection of manpower and resources and a wholesale change of command. The headquarters staff in ... More


Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Jonathan Lamb

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Scurvy, a disease often associated with long stretches of maritime travel, generated sensations exceeding the standard of what was normal. Eyes dazzled, skin was morbidly sensitive, emotions veered ... More


Institutionalization as the Last Resort: Famine Diseases, Mortality, and Medical Interventions

Jonny Geber

in Victims of Ireland'S Great Famine: The Bioarchaeology of Mass Burials at Kilkenny Union Workhouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061177
eISBN:
9780813051475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061177.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

To resort to the workhouse during the Famine was an act of desperation, and many people were seemingly severely malnourished and physically exhausted when they entered the institution. The ... More


Trials and Tribulations

Michael Kinch

in Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The testing of new medicines is a complex, labor- and cost-intensive practice that has evolved over the past 200 years. This chapter explains some of the jargon used by medical practioners and ... More


Medical and Health Issues

David M. Williams and Andrew P. White

in A Select Bibliography of British and Irish University Theses about Maritime History, 1792-1990

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780969588504
eISBN:
9781786944931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780969588504.003.0013
Subject:
History, Maritime History

A bibliography of post-graduate theses concerning Medical and Health Issues relating to Maritime History, subdivided by illness.


The Impact of Improved Nutrition on Disease Prevention

Richard D. Semba

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the 20th century, major progress was made in the near elimination of many nutritional deficiencies disorders in the United States such as rickets, pellagra, iodine deficiency, infantile scurvy, ... More


Americans in Cumberland Sound

Karen Routledge

in Do You See Ice?: Inuit and Americans at Home and Away

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226580135
eISBN:
9780226580272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226580272.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter considers the experiences of American whalers in the Inuit homeland of Cumberland Sound. Voyages from 1850-1880 are discussed, but the focus is on the booming years of the commercial ... More


Wilderness Warfare, American Provincials, and Disease in North America

Erica Charters

in Disease, War, and the Imperial State: The Welfare of the British Armed Forces during the Seven Years' War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226180007
eISBN:
9780226180144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226180144.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter introduces the significance of disease in warfare, demonstrating the cultural and social frameworks that shaped responses to it and providing a survey of the structure of medical care in ... More


The Royal Navy’s Western Squadron:: Trials, Innovation, and Medical Efficacy

Erica Charters

in Disease, War, and the Imperial State: The Welfare of the British Armed Forces during the Seven Years' War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226180007
eISBN:
9780226180144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226180144.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter provides a detailed examination of the Western Squadron and the Navy's medical board -- the Sick and Hurt Board -- during the Seven Years War. It begins with a discussion of the health ... More


Even Farther Away from Home: Occupation Duty Continues

James G. Mendez

in A Great Sacrifice: Northern Black Soldiers, Their Families, and the Experience of Civil War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780823282500
eISBN:
9780823285907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823282500.003.0011
Subject:
History, African-American History

While some black regiments remained throughout the South performing occupation duties, others were sent to Texas to perform a combination of duties. They were keeping the peace and helping freedmen ... More


Prolegomena

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents a background on scurvy. Scurvy's first attested appearance in literature is found in Luis Vaz de Camoens's The Lusiads (1572), a poem celebrating Vasco da Gama's expedition into ... More


Enigma

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The history of scurvy is heavily marked by the conflict of interests between those who dwell inside the drama and those who don't. The biochemical breakthrough that isolated ascorbic acid and ... More


Effluvia

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Loathsome and dangerous diseases are traditionally associated with foreignness, which plunges those who succumb to them into the loneliness of a castaway or the solitude of an unwelcome stranger. ... More


Nostalgia

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the range of reflective possibilities available to scorbutic memoirists as they try to reach a public dwelling on the other side of the situation. It shows how, in the ... More


Australia

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the settlement of Australia, a notable example of a landfall that provided none of voluptuous satisfactions generally associated with the Indian Ocean or the South Seas, ... More


Genera Mixta

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how fiction, and the genre of romance in particular, supplies the scorbutic imagination with models suitable for “peculiarity.” Having suggested in Chapter 4 that there may be ... More


Coda

James May and Fiona Harrison

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the neurological basis of scurvy. The physical symptoms of extreme vitamin C deficiency, i.e., scurvy, have been described in numerous ships' logs, diaries, and medical texts, ... More


Advanced Trauma Life Support (Atls), Polytrauma, Limb Salvage, and UK Trauma Guidelines

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions A 29-year-old soldier steps on a landmine on the battlefield. He starts to bleed profusely from a mangled left leg. What is the initial treatment? Select the single most appropriate ... More


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