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Casuistical Free Exercise Jurisprudence: A Summary and Some Conclusions

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Perceptions of authoritarian injustice or of anarchical laxity are just as harmful to the integrity of the justice system as actual impropriety. Casuistry offers clear, definable ... More


Faith with Reason

Paul Helm

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book studies the nature of religious faith, investigating what makes it reasonable. Religious belief needs to meet and sustain philosophical scrutiny just as any other type of belief does; ... More


External Accountability

Matthew Flinders

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter challenges the dominant view that public bodies are unaccountable, and instead seeks to cultivate a more sophisticated frame of analysis which is aware of and sympathetic to different ... More


Parliaments and Representation

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter explores the dilemmas facing parliaments, especially their relations with the executive, and the changing patterns of representation. It focuses on five topics: the limits to ... More


Democratic Delegation and Accountability: Cross-national Pattern s

Torbjörn Bergman, Wolfgang C. Müller, Kaare Strøm, and Magnus Blomgren

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews the patterns of delegation and accountability in 17 Western European parliamentary democracies, over the post-war period. It provides information about the links between voters and MPs, ... More


Sweden: From Separation of Power to Parliamentary Supremacy—and Back Agai n ?

Torbjörn Bergman

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While far from perfect, for much of the post-war period the Swedish chain of democratic delegation and accountability has not been affected by serious agency problems. Fierce electoral competition ... More


Crime and Punishment: A Concise Moral Critique

Hyman Gross

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644711
eISBN:
9780191738944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644711.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

It is generally assumed that we are justified in punishing criminals because they have committed a morally wrongful act. Determining when criminal liability should be imposed calls for a moral ... More


Constitutional Rights

Thomas Lundmark

in Power & Rights in US Constitutional Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195368727
eISBN:
9780199867530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368727.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Most of the constitutional rights protect only against so-called “state action”. However, case law has construed the requirement quite broadly, as discussed in this part. The levels of scrutiny refer ... More


Modernising social work: Critical considerations

John Harris and Vicky White (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420060
eISBN:
9781447302827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420060.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

New Labour's modernisation agenda has produced an avalanche of change that has posed formidable challenges for everyone involved in social work, whether as service users, practitioners, or managers. ... More


Making a Good Impression

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 2 presents the first part of religion’s evolutionary story. It is argued that our ancestors went through a critical social transformation sometime between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago and ... More


Nobody's Business: Twenty-First Century Avant-Garde Poetics

Brian M. Reed

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451577
eISBN:
9780801469589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451577.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Since the turn of the new millennium English-language verse has entered a new historical phase, but explanations vary as to what has actually happened and why. What might constitute a viable ... More


Societal Boundaries, Paranoia and Ill Humor, and the Role of the Courts Under the Free Exercise Clause

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Unusual societal flux and social stress causes fear, and a fearful, paranoid society is tempted greatly to take extreme measures to protect itself. Pressured politicians may be unable or unwilling to ... More


The Critical Stance I: Tentative Religious Belief

Robert McKim

in Religious Ambiguity and Religious Diversity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128352
eISBN:
9780199834488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128354.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Tentative belief involves recognition that the belief in question may need revision and may even be false. It is sometimes said that religious faith requires complete confidence and that religious ... More


Credit in Life and Letters

Sarah M. S. Pearsall

in Atlantic Families: Lives and Letters in the Later Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199532995
eISBN:
9780191714443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532995.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the ways that credit was a value also inculcated by families. Credit and debt were critical to the Atlantic economy, and fathers in particular were uncomfortably aware of this ... More


IMPLICIT PROPORTIONALITY PRINCIPLES IN AMERICAN STANDARDS OF CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes the Supreme Court's general substantive standards of constitutional review. The chapter discusses the presence of implicit proportionality principles within each standard. The ... More


CONCLUSION

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This concluding chapter reviews the diverse standards applied by American courts when reviewing intrusive government measures, and argues that judicial review would benefit greatly from more explicit ... More


Introduction and Overview

Ishani Maitra and Mary Kate McGowan

in Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199236282
eISBN:
9780191741357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236282.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores the nature and value of a principle of free speech. It is often argued that certain kinds of speech are harmful. But such claims give rise to several questions. First, when a ... More


Equality

Jeffrey M. Shaman

in Equality and Liberty in the Golden Age of State Constitutional Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195334340
eISBN:
9780199868773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334340.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter provides an historical and theoretical overview of the conception of equality in state constitutional law. Equality is a principle that enjoys a long history in state constitutional law. ... More


English as a Vocation: The 'Scrutiny' Movement

Christopher Hilliard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695171
eISBN:
9780199949946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695171.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This book is a history of the most influential movement in modern British literary criticism. F. R. Leavis and his collaborators on the Cambridge journal Scrutiny in the 1920s and 1930s demonstrated ... More


The Need for Public Law Standards of Review in Investor-State Arbitrations

William Burke-White and Andreas von Staden

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

In recent years, investment arbitration has increasingly moved from its private law origins into the realm of public law adjudication, but the standards of review applied by ad hoc arbitral tribunals ... More


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