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What screening is, and is not

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the different ways in which the term ‘screening’ has been and is used, and defines the meaning used throughout the rest of the book. Growth of screening in the 20th century led ... More


Tests using single markers

Howard S. Cuckle and Nicholas Wald

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes screening based on the measurement of a single variable. Before considering the screening test in detail, it is necessary to consider the disorder for which screening is being ... More


Principles of Screening

BERNARD LEVIN and PHILIP C. PROROK

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0070
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on cancer screening. Screening for cancer provides an alternative approach to cancer control. Cancer screening is defined as the testing of apparently healthy volunteers from the ... More


Tests using multiple markers

Nicholas Wald and Allan Hackshaw

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the methodology behind screening using multiple markers together in a single test. The method is based on estimating an individual's risk of having the disorder being screened ... More


How Good Are the Measures?

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

in Making Sense of Data: A Self-Instruction Manual on the Interpretation of Epidemiological Data

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195145250
eISBN:
9780199864775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The exercises in this section deal with the accuracy of measures used in epidemiological studies. They cover methods of appraising the validity of measures; the ways in which poor validity can ... More


Screening for future coronary heart disease

N. J. Wald and M. R. Law

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Measuring risk factors such as blood pressure and serum cholesterol as a means of screening to identify people who will develop coronary heart disease has entered medical practice largely because of ... More


Monitoring and Surveillance

Jukka Uitti and Panu Oksa

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at Monitoring which refers to tracking the health experience of a group of workers and surveillance, which refers to tracking reports of cases of particular injuries or diseases. ... More


Testing Hearing with Speech

Mara Mills

in Testing Hearing: The Making of Modern Aurality

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197511121
eISBN:
9780197511169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197511121.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music, History, Western

If to measure is to “assign numerals to events,” queried audiologist Ira Hirsh in 1952, “what are the observable events in hearing?” In the newly professionalized field of audiometry, the test ... More


Nuclear Conditioning

Jennifer Fay

in Inhospitable World: Cinema in the Time of the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190696771
eISBN:
9780190696818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696771.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Environmental Politics

Nevada’s Atomic Testing Site hosted nuclear atmospheric tests from the late 1940s to the early 1960s and doubled as both an outdoor laboratory and a film studio. Here, worlds meant to resemble small ... More


Respiratory Scoring Systems and Statistics

Caroline Patterson and Meg Coleman

in Revision Notes for the Respiratory Medicine Specialty Certificate Examination

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693481
eISBN:
9780191918407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693481.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Respiratory scoring systems Health status St Georges Respiratory Questionnaire: Validated in patients with airway obstruction and bronchiectasis. 50-item questionnaire assessing 3 domains: ... More


Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine

Ernst R. Berndt, Dana P. Goldman, and John Rowe (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611068
eISBN:
9780226611235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611235.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Advances in human genetics have begun to yield clinical benefits through the development of Precision Medicine (PM). The benefits of this innovation are promising, both through application of ... More


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