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Day to day management of screening for public health practitioners and programme managers

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a deep appreciation of the main issues that public health practitioners regularly deal with in screening, and how to approach them. This requires not only management skills, but ... More


Implementing screening

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter gives an understanding of the essential tasks involved in setting up a good quality screening programme. Newborn hearing screening is used as a case study. There is an old saying that ... More


Making screening policy

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how resources, values, beliefs, and commercial factors all influence screening policy, and gives clear insight into some of the ethical dilemmas involved. Case histories include ... More


Models of public health genetic policy development

Benjamin S. Wilfond and Elizabeth J. Thomson

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a history of policy development for genetic services in the United States. It includes a discussion of early genetic screening programs, a review of part policy statements ... More


What screening is, and is not

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the different ways in which the term ‘screening’ has been and is used, and defines the meaning used throughout the rest of the book. Growth of screening in the 20th century led ... More


Quality assuring screening programmes

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explains why quality assurance is essential if screening is to do more good than harm. It describes some of the history and thinking that has shaped approaches to quality in industry and ... More


Newborn screening quality assurance

W. Harry Hannon, L. Omar Henderson, and Carol J. Bell

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses quality assurance (QA) for newborn screening programs. It describes the Newborn Screening Quality Assurance Program (NSQAP) at the CDC in Atlanta, Georgia, which provides ... More


Genetics and public health: informed consent beyond the clinical encounter

Nancy Press and Ellen Wright Clayton

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the barriers to adequate informed consent. It then presents examples that show how public health and genetics might come together, either in research or in ... More


Early Identification, Communication Modality, and the Development of Speech and Spoken Language Skills: Patterns and Considerations

Christine Yoshinaga-Itano

in Advances in the Spoken Language Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179873
eISBN:
9780199893706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179873.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter focuses on information which has been gained about the speech and spoken language development of children whose hearing loss has been identified through universal newborn hearing ... More


Avoiding mixed messages: HPV vaccines and the ‘cure’ for cervical cancer

Alison Hann and Stephen Peckham

in Public health ethics and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the evidence base for the policy of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme for the prevention of cervical cancer. It addresses the ethical dilemmas associated with ... More


Applications: Evaluation

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by describing various approaches to evaluation and situations where one needs to have alternatives for randomized trials in assessing interventions. It then identifies the ... More


Epidemiology of Spina Bifida

Adrian Sandler

in Living with Spina Bifida: A Guide for Families and Professionals

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807855478
eISBN:
9781469604626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807867860_sandler.8
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that spina bifida, to a very large extent, is a preventable condition. This statement may come as a surprise to some, but then in previous decades it would have been equally ... More


Perinatal depression across the world: Prevalence, risk factors, and detection in primary care

Michael W. O’Hara and Lisa S. Segre

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

This chapter, like the entire volume, is dedicated to the memory of Channi Kumar. I first met Channi in August 1984 in Oakland, California, at the biennial meeting of the Marcé Society, hosted by ... More


Risk Assessment and Chemical Regulatory Policy in the United States and Abroad

Heather B. Patisaul and Scott M. Belcher

in Endocrine Disruptors, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199935734
eISBN:
9780190678524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935734.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

This chapter presents an overview of the risk assessment process with an in-depth description of the related terminology. Critical study features that should be included to maximize utility of data ... More


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