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Intellectual Interpretations and Projections of the French Revolution

Jack Hayward

in Fragmented France: Two Centuries of Disputed Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216314
eISBN:
9780191712265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

National disunity has been perpetuated and exacerbated by competing interpretations of the French Revolution despite effort to inculcate a common political culture. The authoritarian clericalism of ... More


What's left to do?

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Opponents of a ‘scientistic’ approach as austere as Second Philosophy often imagine that philosophy just becomes science, that there's nothing left for the philosopher to do. The book as a whole aims ... More


The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

B. Alan Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book takes a bold new look at ways of exploring the nature, origins, and potentials of consciousness within the context of science and religion. It draws careful distinctions between four ... More


Hopkins' Idealism: Philosophy, Physics, Poetry

Daniel Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183532
eISBN:
9780191674051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183532.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The conventional picture of the young Hopkins as a conservative High-Church ritualist is starkly contested by this book, which draws upon his unpublished Oxford essays on philosophy to reveal a ... More


Human Nature and the Limits of Science

John Dupré

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book applies to the study of human nature the generally pluralistic metaphysics and methodology developed in the author's earlier work. It begins with detailed criticism of two popular projects ... More


Introduction: From Wonder to Wisdom

William P. Brown

in The Seven Pillars of Creation: The Bible, Science, and the Ecology of Wonder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730797
eISBN:
9780199777075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730797.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

This chapter explores how science and faith can be related positively, despite the deep polarization that exists on the cultural level, thanks to the constant skirmishing between creationism and ... More


In Defence of Scientism

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a radically naturalistic metaphysics, which is motivated exclusively by attempts to unify hypotheses and theories that are taken seriously by contemporary science. For reasons to ... More


The Science of Chinese Buddhism: Early Twentieth-Century Engagements

Erik Hammerstrom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170345
eISBN:
9780231539586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Kexue, or science, captured the Chinese imagination in the early twentieth century, promising new knowledge about the world and a dynamic path to prosperity. Chinese Buddhists embraced scientific ... More


The Nature of Paradox

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defines a paradox, roughly and superficially, as an assembly of apparently reasonable considerations that engender conflicting inclinations about what to believe, and hence a form of ... More


The Availability of Market Information

G. B. Richardson

in Information and Investment: A Study in the Working of the Competitive Economy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292432
eISBN:
9780191596810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292430.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

If all firms were equally aware of a profit opportunity and equally able and ready to respond to it, then the opportunity would be available to none of them in particular. A firm will invest in ... More


Naturalism Lost: Nature Regained

Conor Cunningham

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter argues that while methodological naturalism is an essential component of scientific inquiry, metaphyscial naturalism threatens to undermine the very practice and intelligibility of ... More


Varieties of Naturalism

Mario De Caro

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is a commonly held view that in the last few decades a vast naturalistic turn has taken place in the philosophical world, especially in the analytic community. However, in the philosophical ... More


Narcissistic Millennialism: UFO Cults (1946–2012? ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter looks at the postmodern version of tribal cargo cults, namely various contemporary UFO beliefs covering a range of millennial variants from transformative (aliens will descend with ... More


The No Man’s Land of Consciousness

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book unveils the ideological constraints that have long been impeding scientific research in the study of consciousness and other subjective mental states. It discusses four elements of the ... More


Four Dimensions of the Scientific Tradition

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Since the Scientific Revolution, claims have been made about science and on behalf of science that include not only scientific but philosophical and theological assertions. When such a wide range of ... More


Confusing Scientific Materialism with Science

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

After four centuries of advances in scientific knowledge, more than a century of psychological research, and roughly a half century of progress in the neurosciences, even most advocates of scientism ... More


Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

M. Sükrü Hanioglu

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175829
eISBN:
9781400885572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175829.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science would reign supreme as ... More


Theological Rationality

Thomas F. Torrance

in God and Rationality

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192139481
eISBN:
9780191670077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192139481.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Recently, theology has been put under pressures by certain mechanistic concepts which resulted from the Newtonian era of science — dogmatic empiricism and dogmatic scientism. A number of theologians ... More


Scientism

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines scientism as the thesis that every expression which can genuinely be correctly applied—which can be used in saying something true—is reducible to some expression of a natural ... More


Trouble Maintaining the Fact/Value Dichotomy

C. John Sommerville

in The Decline of the Secular University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306958
eISBN:
9780199850853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306958.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter focuses on the inadequacy of the fact/value dichotomy. Currently, the fact/value dichotomy is under attack and is seen as a cornerstone of “scientism”. The reconsideration of a ... More


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