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Naturalism and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalists have at least three core commitments: refusing appeals to what is supernatural or transcendent to nature; making scientific understanding central to philosophical understanding; and ... More


Scientific Practice and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter initiates part two, situating scientific understanding within part one’s naturalistic, evolutionary account of human conceptual capacities. Prominent earlier accounts of a scientific ... More


Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The most difficult challenge for naturalists in philosophy is accounting for scientific understanding of nature as itself a scientifically intelligible natural phenomenon. This book advances ... More


Naturalism Articulated

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the book’s constructive conception of naturalism about conceptual capacities and scientific understanding. It specifies four constitutive issues for a naturalistic conception, ... More


The Importance of Scientific Understanding

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Outlines many different types of human understanding, and shows how scientific explanations enable us to understand the universe in which we live. It reflects on the great increases in scientific ... More


Epilogue: Naturalism and the Contingency of the Space of Reasons

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Nietzsche’s suggestion that with the emergence and eventual demise of the human intellect, “nothing will have happened”, makes vivid a worry raised by naturalistic accounts of human conceptual ... More


The Devil in the Details: Asymptotic Reasoning in Explanation, Reduction, and Emergence

Robert W. Batterman

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195146479
eISBN:
9780199833078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195146476.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book focuses on a form of reasoning in science that I call “asymptotic reasoning.” At base, this type of reasoning involves methods that eliminate details and, in some sense, precision. ... More


History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

William H. Dray

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A central motif of R. G. Collingwood's philosophy of history is the idea that historical understanding requires a re-enactment of past experience. However, there have been sharp disagreements about ... More


Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

R. S. Downie, K. C. Calman, Ruth A. K. Schröck, and Malcolm Macnaughton

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In recent years doctors, nurses, and all health care professionals have become increasingly aware of the complexity of the moral dilemmas that can be created by caring. The central theme of this book ... More


Introduction: The Desire to Understand

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the theme of the book: scientific understanding. Science is arguably the most successful product of the human desire for understanding. Reflection on the nature of scientific ... More


The Problem

John E. Mayfield

in The Engine of Complexity: Evolution as Computation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163040
eISBN:
9780231535281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163040.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the following questions: How is Earth different? What is information? What is an evolutionary system? What constitutes scientific understanding? How does computer science fit ... More


Laws and Idealization

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines a view of laws that will capture what was right about Nancy Cartwright's analysis, but also move beyond it. In its basic orientation, the view is cognitivist, pragmatist, and ... More


Eight Other Questions about Explanation

Angela Potochnik

in Explanation Beyond Causation: Philosophical Perspectives on Non-Causal Explanations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198777946
eISBN:
9780191823404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777946.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophical accounts of scientific explanation tend to focus on developing a conception of the kind of dependence that is explanatory, e.g., nomic, causal-mechanical, difference-making, etc. ... More


The Evolution of an Idea

James C. Klagge

in Wittgenstein in Exile

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015349
eISBN:
9780262300117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015349.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores Wittgenstein’s thought experiment, which he came up with while staying in Norway. The thought experiment is an experiment about us — our temperament — rather than about seeds, ... More


Morality and public policy

Clem Henricson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447323815
eISBN:
9781447323839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323815.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

With an increasingly bitter divide between secularism and religion, there is a messy, defective relationship between the state and morality in the UK; public policy responses to pressures for change ... More


Some Strangeness in the Proportion

Eric Dietrich

in Excellent Beauty: The Naturalness of Religion and the Unnaturalness of the World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171021
eISBN:
9780231539357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171021.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses three mysterious things: consciousness, infinity, and the rarity of the commonplace. In so doing, the reader might find themselves provoked by the strange nature of these ... More


What We Could Know

Helen E. Longino

in Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226492872
eISBN:
9780226921822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921822.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers some conclusions based on the preceding chapters about the reach of scientific understanding of behavior. It extends the analysis of assumptions to underscore what the approaches ... More


The Mathematical Route to Causal Understanding

Michael Strevens

in Explanation Beyond Causation: Philosophical Perspectives on Non-Causal Explanations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198777946
eISBN:
9780191823404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777946.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In some scientific explanations, mathematical facts seem to be the primary bearers of enlightenment. Is this a case, in science, of “explanation beyond causation”? Might these explanations be causal ... More


Philosophical Papers

Paul Humphreys

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780199334872
eISBN:
9780190219710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199334872.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Paul Humphreys pioneered philosophical investigations into the methodological revolution begun by computer simulations. He has also made important contributions to the contemporary literature on ... More


Faces in the Mirror: Evolution, Intelligence, and Rights

Robert Cribb, Helen Gilbert, and Helen Tiffin

in Wild Man from Borneo: A Cultural History of the Orangutan

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837143
eISBN:
9780824869779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837143.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter asserts that for four centuries, the West has been fascinated by the orangutan. So similar to humans, yet with so many differences, the red ape has challenged them to think about the ... More


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