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Knowledge, Beliefs, and Responsibility

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines three primary issues raised by some of the conditions that are often assumed to be necessary for attributions of responsibility: first, that persons are largely ignorant of the ... More


Socio-Legal Factors Influencing US and EU Law and Policymaking

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

Questions of how and why the EU and the US are responding to climate change and what socio-political factors drive these choices remain underexplored. To better understand convergences and ... More


Strategic Science Translation

Alissa Cordner

in Toxic Safety: "Flame Retardants, Chemical Controversies, and Environmental Health"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231171465
eISBN:
9780231541381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171465.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 4 discusses the importance of scientific uncertainty in environmental policy debates, and shows that all stakeholders engage in “strategic science translation,” the process of interpreting ... More


Law and Policy in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter provides an overview of how the US political system functions, focusing on the role of federalism in shaping policy-making. It reviews the history of environmental policymaking in the US ... More


Risk, Precaution and Scientific Complexity before the Court of Justice of the European Union

Patrycja Dąbrowska-Kłosińska

in Deference in International Courts and Tribunals: Standard of Review and Margin of Appreciation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198716945
eISBN:
9780191785627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716945.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

Chapter 11 examines the applicable standard of judicial review in risk regulation cases before the CJEU. The author analyses how the European Courts have moved from a deferential approach to a more ... More


A Perfect Moral Storm

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides a detailed introduction to the metaphor of the perfect moral storm and its application to climate change. It sketches each of the main elements of the storm ‐ its global, ... More


Conclusion: The Pursuit of Chemical Justice

Alissa Cordner

in Toxic Safety: "Flame Retardants, Chemical Controversies, and Environmental Health"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231171465
eISBN:
9780231541381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171465.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The Conclusion integrates the concepts and themes developed throughout the book to offer suggestions for regulators, environmental scientists, activists, and the chemical industry. It offers concrete ... More


The Need for a Better Balance between Science and Politics

Lawrence E. Susskind and Saleem H. Ali

in Environmental Diplomacy: Negotiating More Effective Global Agreements

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199397976
eISBN:
9780199398003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199397976.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

Science and politics constantly strive to co-opt each other, and it is this process of mutual cooptation that has given rise to the current suboptimality of many international environmental ... More


Negotiating Science, Politicizing Science

Alissa Cordner

in Toxic Safety: "Flame Retardants, Chemical Controversies, and Environmental Health"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231171465
eISBN:
9780231541381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171465.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 5 shows that science-based decisions, ranging from the development of new chemical products by chemical manufacturers to chemical assessments at EPA, involve social acts of negotiation ... More


What is a Horizon?: Navigating Thresholds in Climate Change Uncertainty

Adriana Petryna

in Modes of Uncertainty: Anthropological Cases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226257075
eISBN:
9780226257242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226257242.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This essay analyzes the shift from incremental to exponential accelerations in atmospheric CO2 and its implications for the science and governance of climate change. It examines some of the models ... More


Case study 3: mandatory milk fortification with vitamin D

Mark Lawrence

in Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients to food

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691975
eISBN:
9780191748806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Mandatory milk fortification with vitamin D (MMFVD) is a public health policy intervention for reducing vitamin D deficiency among the population. It was the case study selected to assess and analyse ... More


A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics, and the Problem of Moral Corruption

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

The most authoritative scientific report on climate change begins by saying: . . . Natural, technical, and social sciences can provide essential information and evidence needed for decisions on ... More


Anticipating Risky Bodies: Making Sense of Future Reproductive Risk

Miranda R. Waggoner

in Zero Trimester: Pre-Pregnancy Care and the Politics of Reproductive Risk

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520288065
eISBN:
9780520963115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288065.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines how maternal and child health experts defined risks to healthy pregnancies around the turn of the twenty-first century, especially amid scientific uncertainty regarding the ... More


Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming

Dale Jamieson

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

There has been speculation about the possibility of anthropogenic global warming since at least the late nineteenth century (Arrhenius 1896, 1908). At times the prospect of such a warming has been ... More


Climate Change, Human Rights, and Moral Thresholds

Simon Caney

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

It is widely recognized that anthropogenic climate change will have harmful effects on many human beings and in particular on the most disadvantaged. In particular, it is projected to result in ... More


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