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Galileo and the Indispensability of Scientific Thought Experiment

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that thought experiments play a distinctive role in scientific inquiry. Reasoning about particular entities within the context of an imaginary scenario can lead to rationally ... More


Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Amos Funkenstein

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is a pioneering work of intellectual history that transformed our understanding of the relationship between Christian theology and the development of science. The author explores the ... More


Methodological Approaches to Scientific and Technological Thinking

Michael E. Gorman

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a taxonomy of the methodological approaches psychologists have taken to studying scientific and technological thinking, based on an analogy to biological methods, including in ... More


Thought Experiments Rethought—and Reperceived

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the question of how contemplation of an imaginary scenario can lead to new knowledge about contingent features of the natural world—that is, how it can provide us with relevant ... More


Our Most Curious Device

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates the power of thought experiments by assembling influential thought experiments from the history of science. It lays out the book's plan to understand philosophical thought ... More


Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Michael Horace Barnes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book examines a pattern of cognitive development that has evolved over thousands of years—a pattern manifest in both science and religion. It describes how the major world cultures built upon ... More


Betting on specified horses

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1989 commentary on scientific thought. It reviews Sir Peter Medawar's philosophic arguments about scientific thought. It says that in medicine, there is a need to maintain a ... More


Spinoza, Science, and the Scientists

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The most important and exceptional element in Spinoza's scientific thought is simply that natural philosophy, or science, is of universal applicability and that there is no reserved area beyond it. ... More


Verbal Magical Beliefs and Children's Everyday Experience

Eugene Subbotsky

in Magic and the Mind: Mechanisms, Functions, and Development of Magical Thinking and Behavior

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393873
eISBN:
9780199776979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393873.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In Chapter 3 (“Verbal Magical Beliefs and Children's Everyday Experience”), the problem of entrenchment of magical beliefs in children of various ages is examined. The development of magical beliefs ... More


Psyche and Soma

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter studies the ancient Greeks' understanding of the soul and body, as well as the relationship between the two. It discusses a set of basic notions, including movement and keeping the body ... More


The Psychology of (Pseudo)Science: Cognitive, Social, and Cultural Factors

Emilio J. C. Lobato and Corinne Zimmerman

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

We review findings from the psychology of science that are relevant to understanding or explaining peoples’ tendencies to believe both scientific and pseudoscientific claims. We discuss relevant ... More


Scientists as the Model of Human Nature

Jamie Cohen-Cole

in The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226092164
eISBN:
9780226092331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092331.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on a particular moment in the history of human sciences in which reflexivity played a significant role: the early days of revolution when cognitive science supplanted behaviorism ... More


Science in the Gap

Peter Gaffney

in The Force of the Virtual: Deleuze, Science, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665976
eISBN:
9781452946382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665976.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter sets out the theoretical underpinnings of the present volume. It draws on the analyses of Deleuze and Guattari to address the question of whether scientific thought, like ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


A Short History of the Race Concept

Michael Yudell

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter describes the role played by scientific thought, from the late eighteenth century through to the twentieth century, in developing a language to measure the meaning of human difference in ... More


Music: Uncertainty, the Canon, and Dissident Musics

Born Georgina

in Rationalizing Culture: IRCAM, Boulez, and the Institutionalization of the Musical Avant-Garde

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520202160
eISBN:
9780520916845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520202160.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter illustrates how the concert programming of the Institut de Recherche et de Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM) embodied an extremely coherent and forceful canonization of ... More


Mythic Thought and Scientific Thought

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Mythic thought and scientific thought compared


Developing Scientific Thinking in the Context of Video Games: Where to Next?

Corinne Zimmerman

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the research on scientific thinking that is relevant for game developers interested in creating or modifying video games to promote scientific thinking skills. It first ... More


Unhastening Science: Autonomy and Reflexivity in the Social theory of Knowledge

Dick Pels

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236382
eISBN:
9781846314322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314322
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book offers an account of what makes science special among other human pursuits, critically engaging with a variety of approaches, especially constructivist and relativist studies of science and ... More


Science and the Foundation of Unificationism

Benjamin E. Zeller

in Prophets and Protons: New Religious Movements and Science in Late Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814797204
eISBN:
9780814797495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814797204.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the emergence of the Unification movement from the nucleus of Rev. Sun Myung Moon to its burgeoning in the United States in the form of three distinct Unificationist movements. It ... More


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