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 Science without Realism?

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the question of whether there is any sense to be made of science without scientific realism. That is, it will try to identify whether there is any coherent positive view we ... More


The Law-Governed Universe

John T. Roberts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book articulates and defends a new philosophical account of laws of nature. According to this account, lawhood is a meta‐theoretic notion: the primary concept is that of a law of a particular ... More


 Realism, Pessimism, and Underdetermination

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of scientific realism. It then looks at some reasons that have been given for doubting that the pessimistic induction and the underdetermination of theories by ... More


 Selective Confirmation and the Historical Record: “Another Such Victory over the Romans”?

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The preceding chapter showed that the best remaining hope for defending realism from the challenges of history seems to lie with the strategy of “selective confirmation.” On this strategy, we defend ... More


The meta‐theoretic conception of laws

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

According to the meta‐theoretic conception of laws of nature, the concept of a law of a scientific theory is prior to that of a law of nature. To be a law of a theory is not just to be called a law ... More


 Darwin and Pangenesis: The Search for the Material Basis of Generation and Heredity

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the history of our theorizing about the phenomena of generation and inheritance. It attempts to show that according to historical records, our efforts to theorize about ... More


Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the past thirty years, two fundamental issues have emerged in the philosophy of science. One concerns the appropriate attitude we should take towards scientific theories — whether we should regard ... More


Theory and Meaning

David Papineau

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is concerned with those aspects of the theory of meaning for scientific terms that are relevant to questions about the evaluation of scientific theories. The contemporary debate about ... More


 August Weismann's Theory of the Germ‐Plasm

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on August Weismann's theory of the germ-plasm. It is argued that both Weismann's failure to conceive of any alternative to the disintegration of the idioplasm as the mechanism of ... More


Introduction

DAVID PAPINEAU

in Theory and Meaning

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter sets out the focus of the book, namely those aspects of the theory of meaning for scientific terms that are relevant to questions about the evaluation of scientific ... More


Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Intelligent Design (ID) thinking and older style creationism argue that evolution by natural selection is an incorrect theory. This book demonstrates that in doing so, neocreationism (Intelligent ... More


What lawhood is

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The Measurability Account of Laws (MAL) says that to be a law of a scientific theory is to be one of the regularities that collectively guarantee the reliability of all the observation and ... More


Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Lawrence Sklar

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Sceptics have often cast doubt on the legitimacy of claims to the effect that our best scientific theories are true. One ground for such scepticism is the fact that our theories advert to the ... More


Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics

Mathias Frisch

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195172157
eISBN:
9780199835294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172159.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book has two principal aims: to investigate the conceptual structure of classical electrodynamics, and show that investigating a particular scientific theory can shed light on concerns in the ... More


Objectivity and Realism

DAVID PAPINEAU

in Theory and Meaning

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reintroduces the distinction between epistemological and semanticoontological objectivity, and explains the priority of the latter. It argues for a ‘holist’ version of realism about ... More


Transience

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is a platitude of scepticism that our theories are never more than transient holders of our scientific esteem, soon to be replaced by newer, incompatible theories. What are some ‘global’ responses ... More


Conclusions

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Abstract, philosophical scepticism about the truth of theories can rest on doubts about positing unobservables, doubts arising out of the role played by idealization in theories, and doubts arising ... More


The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Michael C. Banner

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

Believers and non-believers often take it for granted that traditional religious faith is, in principle, incapable of the sort of justification which might be given to a scientific theory. Yet how ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


Conclusion

Mathias Frisch

in Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195172157
eISBN:
9780199835294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172159.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A summary of the main arguments of the previous chapters is presented. Among these are that a theory’s formalism may be inconsistent and yet allow the construction of highly reliable models of the ... More


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