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 PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE, PUBLIC TRUST:: Toward Democratic Epistemic Practices

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Taking its point of departure from the suppression of research findings by a Canadian drug company with a vested interest in keeping them from the public eye, this chapter reads the ambiguous ... More


From Governance to Authority Relations?

Jochen Gläser

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter considers how the preceding chapters reinterpret research on governance in the sciences by focusing on changing patterns of authority. Thus, rather than summarizing and integrating the ... More


Knowledge Institutions: Social Science Traditions

Carola M. Frege

in Employment Research and State Traditions: A Comparative History of the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208067
eISBN:
9780191709159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208067.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter explores the broader context of scientific knowledge institutions and social science traditions in the three countries, which originate in the 19th century and were shaped by different ... More


Iran's New Scientific Community

Farhad Khosrokhavar

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses the tormented history of scientific production in Iran during and after the Islamic revolution of 1979, its ups and downs, the negative aspects of the cultural revolution in ... More


Scientific Research and Ethics

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

There is a growing recognition among scientists, government officials, research institutions, and the public that ethical conduct is essential to scientific research. Ethical conduct is important for ... More


From Dominion to Nation: Atmospheric Sciences and Radio Research in Australia

Aitor Anduaga

in Wireless and Empire: Geopolitics, Radio Industry, and Ionosphere in the British Empire, 1918-1939

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562725
eISBN:
9780191721755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562725.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The development of radio and ionospheric physics in Australia is inseparable from that of the Empire. But specific circumstances of time and place, however, coloured local advances in different ways. ... More


The Methodology of Scientific Research

DAVID PAPINEAU

in Theory and Meaning

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245858
eISBN:
9780191680908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245858.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter turns away from meanings and considers Lakatos's ‘methodology of scientific research programmes’. After making various criticisms and corrections, it is argued that the resulting ... More


Time And The Tsunami: Indian Ocean, 2004

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reports on an oceanographic conference held in Goa, India, just after the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. It describes the various kinds of time—of the ocean, of ... More


Advice for Religious Historians: On the Myth of a Purely Historical Jesus

Alan G. Padgett

in The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Resurrection of Jesus

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269854
eISBN:
9780191600517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269854.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In his presentation Alan Padgett analyses and rejects a powerful and attractive ideology (‘myth’) in academia, viz. that the best approach to biblical and religious studies is one that brackets‐off ... More


Table making by committee: British table makers 1871–1965

Mary Croarken

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The British Association for the Advancement of Science was established in 1831 to promote the public understanding of science, an activity in which it is still has an important role today. By the ... More


Scientific Materialism: The Ideology of Modernity

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

During his late twenties, William James fell victim to a sense of utterly debilitating depression that was catalyzed by his medical training at Harvard University. Specifically, this despair was ... More


The Organization of Cognitive Labor

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Ends with an attempt to construct a formal model of knowledge for scientists working together in a community of inquiry. It is shown how the questions of social epistemology can be conceived in terms ... More


Performing Scientificity: Race, Science, and Politics in the USA and Germany after the Second World War1

Holger Droessler

in Black Knowledges/Black Struggles: Essays in Critical Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381724
eISBN:
9781781382257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381724.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter traces the postwar battle for scientific authority and political influence between the older guard of physical anthropologists and the rising group of social scientists in a ... More


Fashioning Frames

Abigail C Saguy

in What's Wrong with Fat?: The War on Obesity and its Collateral Damage

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199857081
eISBN:
9780199315925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857081.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Drawing on two different paired samples of scientific studies of obesity and news reporting on those studies, this chapter examines the respective roles played by scientific research and the news ... More


Research in Science

Deepak Kumar

in Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

Although science in the metropolis had undergone significant professionalization and specialization, this was not beneficial to India's educational system. As a result, few Indians were able to ... More


Why Theorize and Can You Learn to Do It?

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This introductory chapter begins with a description of a crime solved in the summer of 1879 to shed some light on the importance of theory in social science. The victim of the crime, and also the ... More


Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Noretta Koertge (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This anthology explores the nexus between scientific values and civic virtues, arguing that both scientific norms and scientific institutions can provide badly needed resources for improving the ... More


The gradual transition to farming in the Lower Rhine Basin

Leendert P. Louwe Kooijmans

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research finances a research programme directed towards a new synthesis of the transition to farming in the Netherlands, viewed in its wider geographical ... More


Representing Women's Health Interests

Ronnee Schreiber

in Righting Feminism: Conservative Women and American Politics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331813
eISBN:
9780199851829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331813.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter demonstrates how the CWA and IWF articulate issues central to the conservative movement—abortion and scientific research and development—in terms of women's health. By showing how CWA ... More


Exploring the Mind

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Scientific materialists commonly regard introspection as being inadequate to the task of providing reliable data that can generate anything approximating scientific consensus. They argue that ... More


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