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. Afterword

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses a number of proposed analogies and propositions made in relation to theistic and scientific reasoning. The arguments presented in this book, along with remarks by Hume and ... More


Naturalizing Epistemology: Quine, Simon, and the Prospects for Pragmatism

Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In recent years there has been a great deal of discussion about the prospects of developing a “naturalized epistemology,” though different authors tend to interpret this label in quite different ... More


Implicit Ontological Reasoning: The Problems of Dualism in Psychological Science

Brent D. Slife, Jeffrey S. Reber, and James E. Faulconer

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a theoretical meta-analysis in which the literature of psychological science itself provides the data that ground its examination. Specifically, it focuses on one portion of ... More


From a Deflationary Point of View

Paul Horwich

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book features ten essays written by Paul Horwich in the 1980s and 1990s. They illustrate his deflationary perspective on the nature of truth, realism vs antirealism, the creation of meaning, ... More


Religion: A Clash with Gray, Porter, and McCosh

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

In August of 1878, Newcomb gave a major address in Saint Louis as retiring president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He called for the separation of scientific reasoning ... More


Scientific Reasoning

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, the Scientific Reasoning subtest is described. The reason for each of the task-types chosen for this subtest is discussed. The skills tapped by this subtest include: covariation ... More


A well grounded education: The role of perception in science and mathematics

Robert Goldstone, David Landy, and Ji Y Son

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes two separate lines of research on college students' performance on scientific and mathematical reasoning tasks. The first research line studies how students transfer scientific ... More


Introduction

Paul Horwich

in From a Deflationary Point of View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief explanation of the philosophy of ‘deflationism.’ It then presents an overview of the essays included in this volume. The essays illustrate Paul Horwich’s ... More


Associations among the Subtests: A Short-Form CART

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chapter 12 describes a large-scale study of the short-form version of the CART. The short-form is composed of 11 of the 20 subtests and can be completed in less than two hours by most subjects. The ... More


The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book shows that rational thinking, like intelligence, is a measurable cognitive competence. Drawing on theoretical work and empirical research from the last two decades, The Rationality Quotient ... More


Bayesian Philosophy of Science

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780199672110
eISBN:
9780191881671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672110.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

“Bayesian Philosophy of Science” addresses classical topics in philosophy of science, using a single key concept—degrees of beliefs—in order to explain and to elucidate manifold aspects of scientific ... More


Explanatory pluralism across cultures and development

Cristine H Legare and Andrew Shtulman

in Metacognitive Diversity: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198789710
eISBN:
9780191841675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789710.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Humans use natural and supernatural explanations for phenomena such as illness, death, and human origins. These explanations are available not just to different individuals within a society, but to ... More


Characteristics of Scientific Inquiry

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter introduces the reader to basic characteristics of science and situates the design and analysis considerations presented throughout the book within the context of scientific inquiry. A ... More


Elemental Complexity and Relational Vitality: The Relevance of Nomadic Thought for Contemporary Science

Rosi Braidotti

in The Force of the Virtual: Deleuze, Science, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665976
eISBN:
9781452946382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665976.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of the “knowing” subject as multiplicity, process, and becoming. It proposes an alternative vision of both the thinking subject, of his or her evolution, and of ... More


Stanley Kubrick: Adapting the Sublime

Elisa Pezzotta

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617038938
eISBN:
9781621039822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617038938.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Although Stanley Kubrick adapted novels and short stories, his films deviate in notable ways from the source material. In particular, since 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), they seem to definitively ... More


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