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Scientific Realism, Constructive Empiricism, and Structuralism

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that a form of structural realism is motivated by reflection on issues that arise in two different domains that have been the subject of intense scrutiny during recent decades. ... More


Manifest Realism I: A Critique of Scientific Essentialism

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter makes a negative case for Kant's manifest realism by criticizing the leading contemporary version of maximal scientific realism, namely, scientific essentialism. It begins with a ... More


Manifest Realism II: Why Gold is Necessarily a Yellow Metal

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter aims to work out the positive theory behind Kant's surprising claim that gold is necessarily a yellow metal, using scientific essentialism only as a critical foil. It discusses Kant's ... More


 Realism, Pessimism, and Underdetermination

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of scientific realism. It then looks at some reasons that have been given for doubting that the pessimistic induction and the underdetermination of theories by ... More


 Science without Realism?

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the question of whether there is any sense to be made of science without scientific realism. That is, it will try to identify whether there is any coherent positive view we ... More


Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

B. Alan Wallace

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book takes a bold new look at ways of exploring the nature, origins, and potentials of consciousness within the context of science and religion. It draws careful distinctions between four ... More


The Scientific Image

Bas. C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book presents an empiricist alternative (‘constructive empiricism’) to both logical positivism and scientific realism. Against the former, it insists on a literal understanding of the language ... More


Scientific Realism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues for scientific realism. Scientific realism is primarily a metaphysical doctrine about the existence and nature of the unobservables of science. There are good explanationist ... More


Scientific Realism

Michael Devitt (ed.)

in Truth and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199288878
eISBN:
9780191594304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288878.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins by addressing the question: what is scientific realism? It then considers the most influential arguments for and against scientific realism. The arguments for are the ‘success ... More


Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Michael Devitt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The book has two parts: one metaphysical, the other epistemological. The metaphysical part is largely concerned with realism issues. It starts with realism about universals, dismissing Plato's ... More


Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Sherrilyn Roush

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book develops and defends a new externalist, reliabilist theory of knowledge and evidence, and develops a new view about scientific realism. Knowledge is viewed as a tracking theory that has a ... More


Scientific Realism as an Issue in Semantics

Christopher Gauker (ed.)

in Truth and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199288878
eISBN:
9780191594304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288878.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter takes issue with the core assumption in Chapter 5 that the debate over scientific realism is primarily about what exists as opposed to how we represent what exists. It argues that a ... More


Realism in the Novel, Social Sciences, and Organization Theory

Barbara Czarniawska

in Writing Management: Organization Theory as a Literary Genre

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198296140
eISBN:
9780191716584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296140.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

A short historical review shows that originally, the realistic style had a legitimate place both in scientific realism and in the Realist novel. Much work was put later into establishing the ... More


Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Rae Langton

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book offers a new interpretation and defence of Kant's doctrine of things in themselves. Kant distinguishes things in themselves from phenomena, and in doing so he makes a metaphysical ... More


Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines and criticizes the main arguments offered for scientific realism, here identified as the following view: Science aims to give us, in its theories, a literally true story of what ... More


Four Dimensions of the Scientific Tradition

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Since the Scientific Revolution, claims have been made about science and on behalf of science that include not only scientific but philosophical and theological assertions. When such a wide range of ... More


Scientific Realism in Constitutional Law

David L. Faigman

in Constitutional Fictions: A Unified Theory of Constitutional Facts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195341270
eISBN:
9780199866878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341270.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Scientific realists argue that science is not simply a collection of hypotheses supported by empirical test, but actually describes an underlying reality that exists outside of human observers. The ... More


The Hubris of Absolutism

David E. Cooper

in The Measure of Things: Humanism, Humility, and Mystery

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199235988
eISBN:
9780191696688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235988.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter assesses the charge of humanism against absolutism. For the typical absolutist, they have the capacity to provide an account of the world that is both true and clean. This claim, in the ... More


Ramifications of Realism

Nicholas Rescher

in Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ramifications of realism for understanding nature. It explains the concepts of three forms of realism: scientific, physical, and metaphysical. Scientific realism holds that ... More


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