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Conclusion

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Conclusion summarizes the book's main arguments. This book has argued that, conceptual change is an essential component of scientific progress but what is known about the psychology of concepts ... More


Newton's Methodology and the Practice of Science

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I. Distinctive features of Newton’s method: Successively more accurate approximations and increasing empirical support from measurements. Part II. The Mercury perihelion problem: A proposal to ... More


. Kuhn's Challenge to the Rationality of Science

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and examines Kuhn's work in order to understand the nature of science and scientific progress. Based on the discussions in this chapter, it is stated that it is better to grasp ... More


Varieties of Progress

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The notion of a scientific practice allows for an approach to the concept of progress. Progress can occur with respect to any of the components of a practice. The root notion concerns the development ... More


Iran's New Scientific Community

Farhad Khosrokhavar

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses the tormented history of scientific production in Iran during and after the Islamic revolution of 1979, its ups and downs, the negative aspects of the cultural revolution in ... More


Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

William L. Harper

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines Newton’s argument for universal gravity and his application of it to resolve the problem of deciding between geocentric and heliocentric world systems by measuring masses of the ... More


Realism and Scientific Progress

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The account of progress is defended against a number of objections. Some of these are offered by philosophers who are sceptical of realism in the philosophy of science; others are urged by historians ... More


The Failings of Standard Empiricism

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first expresses that standard empiricism does not give justice to the achievements of modern science. The chapter then presents ten problems that standard empiricism cannot solve: the ... More


The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The Advancement of Science attempts to understand the notions of scientific progress, scientific objectivity, and the growth of knowledge by taking up the challenges that have been ... More


Evidence, Progress, and Discovery

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter attempts to show that aim-oriented empiricism solves the remaining five problems concerning scientific progress which standard empiricism fails to solve: the problem of the theoretical ... More


The Microstructure of Scientific Change

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Using the details of the case study as an illustration, offers a picture of the scientist as a cognitive subject, and introduces the key notion of a scientific practice. Instead of thinking of a ... More


Order in Nature, Multifaceted Reality, and Contextualistic Realism

Nicholas Rescher

in Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines contextualistic realism, multifaceted reality, and the order in nature. It suggests that the view of the world changes accordingly in the course of technology-induced scientific ... More


Transience

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is a platitude of scepticism that our theories are never more than transient holders of our scientific esteem, soon to be replaced by newer, incompatible theories. What are some ‘global’ responses ... More


Concept Eliminativism

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter draws the conclusion of the argument developed in previous chapters: The notion of concept should be eliminated from contemporary psychology. Previous eliminativist arguments against the ... More


Critical Scientific Realism

Ilkka Niiniluoto

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book gives a systematic formulation of critical scientific realism by surveying varieties of realism in ontology, semantics, epistemology, theory construction, and methodology. According to the ... More


Darwin's Achievement

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Offers an extensive case study—Darwin's formulation and defence of evolutionary theory—in an attempt to show how detailed study of a historical episode can make room for the possibility of scientific ... More


Boisot and the God Particle

Marzio Nessi

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

In a very personal reflective essay, Marzio Nessi, the technical coordinator of the ATLAS Collaboration at CERN, recounts Max Boisot’s work and interaction with the particle physics community at ... More


On Progress

Philip Kitcher

in Performance and Progress: Essays on Capitalism, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744283
eISBN:
9780191805691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744283.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter offers a general approach to the concept of progress, illustrating it by two examples. The first focuses on the least controversial instance of progress, in the domain of the natural ... More


The Best Way(s) Forward

Evan Osborne

in Self-Regulation and Human Progress: How Society Gains When We Govern Less

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780804796446
eISBN:
9781503604247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804796446.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

There is good reason to be skeptical of the assumption that political regulation operates with the public interest in mind. Scientific productivity has continued to advance in the past half-century, ... More


Mapping Reality

Philip Kitcher

in Science, Truth, and Democracy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theme of Chapter 4 is developed and illustrated by considering the example of maps. Maps are partly objective in that there are criteria of accurate representation; they are also partly dependent ... More


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