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Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The most difficult challenge for naturalists in philosophy is accounting for scientific understanding of nature as itself a scientifically intelligible natural phenomenon. This book advances ... More


Naturalism and Scientific Practice

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a tension between Quine's naturalism and his confirmational holism that has been pointed out by Penelope Maddy, amongst others. Naturalism requires us to look to science to ... More


Naturalism and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Naturalists have at least three core commitments: refusing appeals to what is supernatural or transcendent to nature; making scientific understanding central to philosophical understanding; and ... More


The Web of Practices

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter is a general introduction to the current trend of studies of mathematical practice, with particular emphasis on historical and philosophical work. It offers a preliminary explanation of ... More


Scientific Practice and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter initiates part two, situating scientific understanding within part one’s naturalistic, evolutionary account of human conceptual capacities. Prominent earlier accounts of a scientific ... More


Laws and Modalities in Scientific Practice

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses how laws and natural necessity figure in scientific understanding, by developing and extending Marc Lange’s and John Haugeland’s complementary accounts of the role of laws in ... More


Naturalism Articulated

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the book’s constructive conception of naturalism about conceptual capacities and scientific understanding. It specifies four constitutive issues for a naturalistic conception, ... More


On Knowledge and Practices: A Manifesto

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book proposes a novel analysis of mathematical knowledge from a practice-oriented standpoint and within the context of the philosophy of mathematics. The approach it is advocating is a ... More


Trajectories in Science

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650-1900

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276684
eISBN:
9780191603389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276684.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at nine different modes of scientific activity pursued by Quakers and Jews. These range from the wealthy amateur — including several Jews who pursued science in an upper-class, ... More


Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) and the Causal and Scientific Reasoning of Nonscientists

Barbara Koslowski

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Several researchers have drawn attention to the distinction between idealized models of science and descriptions of actual scientific practice (or inference to the best explanation). Several notions ... More


Partiality, Pursuit, and Practice

Newton C. A. da Costa and Steven French

in Science and Partial Truth: A Unitary Approach to Models and Scientific Reasoning

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195156515
eISBN:
9780199785896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515651X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes the heuristics of scientific practice in terms of the objects of that practice and their structural qualities. The notion of partial isomorphism will be crucial to this picture ... More


Moving from Nature to God

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Also returning to the conflict (discussed in 3) between the epistemologies of this Hindu theology and modern science, this chapter examines important figures in Western modern and contemporary ... More


 Coming to Terms with the Values of Science: Insights from Feminist Science Studies Scholarship

Alison Wylie and Lynn Hankinson Nelson

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the role of feminist values in archeology and developmental biology. It considers two case studies that illustrate a number of kinds of constructive difference that (feminist) ... More


Mathematics Developed: The Case of the Reals

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter considers two crucial shifts in mathematical knowledge: the natural numbers ℕ and the real number system ℝ. ℝ has proved to serve together with the natural numbers ℕ as one of the two ... More


Introduction: Implicit and Explicit Processes in the Psychology of Science

Robert W. Proctor and E. J. Capaldi

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The psychology of science is a developing field that uses the methods, data, and theory of psychology to better understand the practice of science. In recent years, psychology has come increasingly ... More


Introduction

Tara H. Abraham

in Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that the best way to understand McCulloch’s various identities is to understand them as performatively produced. Drawing on Judith Butler’s framework of performative identity, the ... More


Introduction: Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Catelijne Coopmans, Janet Vertesi, Michael Lynch, and Steve Woolgar

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This introductory chapter sets out the theme of representation in scientific practice, and addresses why it remains such a vibrant topic for research in and beyond science and technology studies. The ... More


The Empirical Nature of Mathematical Knowledge

Mark Colyvan

in The Indispensability of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137545
eISBN:
9780199833139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513754X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Any version of mathematical realism motivated by Quinean indispensability arguments must yield a mathematics that is a posteriori and fallible. Such a consequence is considered unacceptable by many – ... More


Emotions, Morals, Practices

Rob Boddice

in The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution, and Victorian Civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040580
eISBN:
9780252099021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040580.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Sets the framework of the book within contemporary theories of the history of emotions and the history of morality, making a case for the use of ‘moral economy’ as an analytical category that ... More


Where Naturalism and Theism Met: The Uniformity of Nature

Matthew Stanley

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the uniformity of nature, an important element of scientific practice. This principle was justified by scientists in both theistic and naturalistic terms, despite its present ... More


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