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The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Kelly Joan Whitmer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Observing at the Orphanage uncovers the crucial contributions of Halle’s Orphanage to the broader scientific enterprise of the early eighteenth century. Founded by a group of German Lutherans known ... More


Introducing the Orphanage

Kelly Joan Whitmer

in The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction offers a virtual tour of the Halle Orphanage using an account of King Friedrich I’s visit to the ensemble on October 4th, 1720. It provides readers with an accessible way into to the ... More


Pressed into Service: Specimens, Space, and Seeing in Botanical Practice

Anne Secord (ed.)

in Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487267
eISBN:
9780226487298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487298.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the transference of botanical knowledge between the field and the cabinet in ways that centered upon texts as guides. It explains the production of scientific observation in the ... More


“That Something Living is Abroad”: Missing the Point in ‘Beachy Head’

Lily Gurton-Wachter

in Watchwords: Romanticism and the Poetics of Attention

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804796958
eISBN:
9780804798761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804796958.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter finds in Charlotte Smith’s final prospect poem, Beachy Head, a preoccupation with figures of keeping watch, including a geological watchfulness that undermines the wartime logic of ... More


Scientific Observing

in Scientific Perspectivism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226292120
eISBN:
9780226292144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292144.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

No one questions that the claims of contemporary scientists are in some sense based on the observation of nature. The problem is how to understand the scientific process of observing nature. The ... More


Science’s Disappearing Observer: Baroque Optics and the Enlightenment of Vision

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the history of the development of baroque optics, the enlightenment of human vision, and the disappearance of the scientific observer. It explains that the naturalization of ... More


The Power of the Family

Deborah Weinstein

in The Pathological Family: Postwar America and the Rise of Family Therapy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451416
eISBN:
9780801468155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451416.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter explains the rationale for examining how families became a site of disease and an appropriate point of intervention during mid-century America. It operates across three ... More


From Satyr to Pongo: Discovering the Red Ape

Robert Cribb, Helen Gilbert, and Helen Tiffin

in Wild Man from Borneo: A Cultural History of the Orangutan

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837143
eISBN:
9780824869779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837143.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines Dutch anatomist Nicolaes Tulp's work, Observationes Medicæ, which provides a detailed description of a great ape. Tulp described the state of the creature's muscles, the texture ... More


The Emergence of Obsession

in Obsession: A History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226137827
eISBN:
9780226137797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226137797.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how monomania paved the way for obsessive diseases, obsessive practices, and a general culture of attention, focus, specialization—all of these linked to the rise of professions ... More


Theology of Finality

Raymond Ruyer and Alyosha Edlebi

in Neofinalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816692040
eISBN:
9781452953700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692040.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This closing chapter moves from exploring finality in the world (the focus of previous chapters) to exploring finality of the world. Ruyer defines the task of metaphysics as twofold: (1) the ... More


The Making of a Eureka Moment

Alistair Sponsel

in Darwin's Evolving Identity: Adventure, Ambition, and the Sin of Speculation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523118
eISBN:
9780226523255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226523255.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explains how Darwin came to have a moment of insight about coral reef formation while at Tahiti in November 1835. Sponsel argues that this eureka moment depended on Darwin’s ability to ... More


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