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Introduction

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of Kant's views on the analytic tradition and the exact sciences. It then analyzes the two images problem and scientific naturalism, the critical ... More


The Opposing Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments against the existence of a priori knowledge are addressed. The opposing arguments fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept ... More


Varieties of Naturalism

Mario De Caro

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is a commonly held view that in the last few decades a vast naturalistic turn has taken place in the philosophical world, especially in the analytic community. However, in the philosophical ... More


Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Robert Hanna

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book argues for the importance of Kant's theories of the epistemological, metaphysical, and practical foundations of the ‘exact sciences’ — relegated to the dustbin of the history of philosophy ... More


Introduction

Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introduction begins by recovering the prehistory of the terms scientific naturalism and scientific naturalist, attempting to reclaim them as authentic actors’ categories. It also assesses their ... More


Naturalism and the A Priori

Penelope Maddy

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Penelope Maddy investigates the concept of the a priori in the context of contemporary scientific naturalism, arguing that a naturalistic account of the growth of scientific knowledge refutes the ... More


The X Club 1864–92

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nine men of the X Club and the approach and themes of the book are introduced. The members, in birth-order, were George Busk, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Herbert Spencer, John Tyndall, Thomas Henry ... More


God, Value, and Nature

Fiona Ellis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198714125
eISBN:
9780191782565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714125.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Many philosophers believe that God has been put to rest. Naturalism is the default position, and the naturalist can explain what needs to be explained without this unnecessary detour. This book ... More


Quine’s Naturalized Epistemology and Zhuangzi’s Daoist Naturalism: How Their Constructive Engagement Is Possible

Bo Mou

in The Philosophical Challenge from China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028431
eISBN:
9780262323628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028431.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, I examine how it is possible for Zhuangzi’s Daoist naturalism to constructively engage W. V. Quine’s naturalized epistemology to jointly contribute to our understanding and treatment ... More


Antireductionism and the Natural Order

Thomas Nagel

in Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the conflict between antireductionism and scientific naturalism, which is considered as a staple of recent philosophy. It introduces the terms “materialism” and “materialist ... More


How the Naturalists “Won”

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how Huxley and the other scientific naturalists used the similarity between theistic and naturalistic science to take control of scientific institutions. In particular, the ... More


Naturalism and Supernaturalism

Fiona Ellis

in God, Value, and Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198714125
eISBN:
9780191782565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714125.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter offers a summary of the naturalist debate in contemporary analytic philosophy. Naturalism is the default position and supernaturalism is to be consigned to the philosophical dustbin. ... More


Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Matthew Stanley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Victorian period science shifted from being practiced in a theistic context to a naturalistic context. This book examines the foundations of that change. It is generally thought that this ... More


Refashioning the Spaces of London Science: Elite Epistemes in the Nineteenth Century

Bernard Lightman (ed.)

in Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487267
eISBN:
9780226487298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487298.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter offers a survey of several sites for science in London, England. The analysis reveals how different scientific sites operated different moral and epistemic economies like the privileged ... More


The Uniformity of Natural Laws

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the most basic elements of Victorian (and, indeed, modern) scientific practice was the expectation that nature functioned according to fixed laws, which never varied in time or place. This ... More


Conclusion

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The relationship among theism, naturalism, and science remains important in the twenty-first century. “Intelligent design” (ID) and its scientific critics battle in American courts over the same ... More


Expansive Naturalism II

Fiona Ellis

in God, Value, and Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198714125
eISBN:
9780191782565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714125.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter considers the shape of a non-scientific form of expansive naturalism as it applies to the question of value, taking as its focus the work of Wiggins and McDowell. Their positions are ... More


Catholics and the Metaphysical Basis of Science

Bernard Lightman

in The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880): Intellectual Life in Mid-Victorian England

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198846499
eISBN:
9780191881596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846499.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

During the 1870s, the decade during which the majority of the meetings of the Metaphysical Society took place, Catholics were grappling with the new environment created by the growing conservatism of ... More


Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Gowan Dawson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the nineteenth century paleontologists claimed that, from just a single bone, they could identify and sometimes even reconstruct previously unknown prehistoric creatures. Such extraordinary ... More


Expansive Naturalism I

Fiona Ellis

in God, Value, and Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198714125
eISBN:
9780191782565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714125.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

The scientific naturalist argues that these difficulties can be avoided provided that the limits of science are expanded to incorporate the human sciences. This grants us the right to move beyond ... More


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