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Empiricism and Scientific Methodology

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Scientific theories do much more than answer empirical questions. This can be understood along empiricist lines only if those other aspects are instrumental for the pursuit of empirical strength and ... More


Achinstein's Newtonian Empiricism

Victor Di Fate

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

By examining Peter Achinstein's longstanding views on evidence and recent work on induction, this chapter attempts to characterize and critically evaluate Achinstein's meta-methodology. It is argued ... More


Science and the Messy, Uncontrollable World of Nature

Carol E. Cleland and Sheralee Brindell

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that doubts about the scientific status of the field sciences often rest on mistaken preconceptions about the nature of the evaluative relation between empirical evidence and ... More


Hume and Locke on Causation and Scientific Methodology: The Newtonian Legacy

Graciela De Pierris

in Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Hume's Skepticism and Naturalism concerning Knowledge and Causation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716785
eISBN:
9780191785368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716785.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 3 considers Hume’s views on causation from his Newtonian naturalistic standpoint. It examines five central differences between Newton’s and Locke’s scientific methodologies. It contrasts ... More


Methodological issues

Tim Markham

in The Politics of War Reporting: Authority, Authenticity and Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719085284
eISBN:
9781781702642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085284.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the sometimes knotty methodological issues that the Bourdieusian heuristic model throws up. The parameters of Bourdieusian social scientific methodology are also explored. ... More


E-Science, Cyberinfrastructure, and Scholarly Communication

Tony Hey and Anne Trefethen

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter finds that computational science has evolved into a more scientific methodology. Computer science professionals are developing software tools and applications to develop a ... More


Interdisciplinary Initiatives at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century; or, Institutions Designed to Foster Interdisciplinary Research

John H. Aldrich

in Interdisciplinarity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199331345
eISBN:
9780190208998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331345.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Most of the literature reflects an assumption that most interesting or influential interdisciplinary research is connected to education and takes place in universities. This chapter raises the ... More


Relativism or a universal theory?

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in From Whorf to Montague: Explorations in the Theory of Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682195
eISBN:
9780191764929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682195.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

After a preliminary defence of the term linguistic relativism, as distinct from Whorfianism, it is observed that the principles of science demand that the linguist seeks to establish maximal ... More


Changing Conceptions of National History in Twentieth-Century China

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Seventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178600
eISBN:
9780231542005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.003.0014
Subject:
History, Asian History

Recognizing that in traditional China “dynastic history” was the dominant historiographical paradigm, this essay describes the quiet revolution in historical thought that led to a paradigmatic shift ... More


Aliens of the World Unite!: A Meditation on Belonging in a Multispecies World

Banu Subramaniam (ed.)

in Ghost Stories for Darwin: The Science of Variation and the Politics of Diversity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038655
eISBN:
9780252096594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038655.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter explores how academic, intellectual, political, personal, natural, and cultural voices came into conversation with each other. Rarely do we explore the profound ways in which these same ... More


Covered with Deep Mist: The Development of Quantum Gravity (1916-1956)

Dean Rickles

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199602957
eISBN:
9780191844393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602957.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The problem of quantum gravity is often viewed as the most pressing unresolved problem of modern physics, the ‘holy grail’: our theories of spacetime and matter, described respectively by general ... More


For Fabricating Science: Do animals have a sense of prestige?

Vinciane Despret

in What Would Animals Say If We Asked the Right Questions?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816692378
eISBN:
9781452954394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692378.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores ethology’s shifts in their scientific understanding of animal subjectivity: animals have been conceived of as both subjects with the capacity for aesthetic judgment and as ... More


For Necessity: Can one lead a rat to infanticide?

Vinciane Despret

in What Would Animals Say If We Asked the Right Questions?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816692378
eISBN:
9781452954394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692378.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The chapter explores the conditioned and impelled nature of rat infanticide under experimental conditions, revealing it as an induced behaviour. The sociobiological theory of intrasexual competition ... More


Recall

Kelly Bulkeley

in Big Dreams: The Science of Dreaming and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199351534
eISBN:
9780199351565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351534.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter addresses the question of whether or not dreaming is a legitimate subject for scientific research. There are many questions about the reliability and validity of dream reports as ... More


For Hierarchies: Might the dominance of males be a myth?

Vinciane Despret

in What Would Animals Say If We Asked the Right Questions?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816692378
eISBN:
9781452954394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692378.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter interrogates the commonly held assumption that competitive hierarchies organized around physical dominance—often among males for access to females of a species—stems from experimental ... More


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