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Producing Health in Past and Present: The Changing Roles of Scientific and Alternative Medicine

Anne Digby and Sheila Ryan Johansson

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores some issues raised by historical changes in the positions of scientific and alternative medicine in health care provision, pointing out parallels between the coexistence of ... More


Christianity and the Global Development of Scientific Medicine

Amanda Porterfield

in Healing in the History of Christianity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195157185
eISBN:
9780199850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157185.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The global expansion of Western Christianity coincided with the development of scientific medicine. As scientific discoveries involving asepsis, anesthesia, and infectious disease increased the ... More


The Rise of Modern Medicine

Milton J. Lewis

in Medicine and Care of the Dying: A Modern History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195175486
eISBN:
9780199999903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175486.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses in detail the rise of scientific medicine, while highlighting two significant models used during the nineteenth century: the German laboratory-based model and the Paris ... More


Humours to Hormones: Emotion and the Heart in History

Fay Bound Alberti

in Matters of the Heart: History, Medicine, and Emotion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199540976
eISBN:
9780191701207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540976.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the historical background of using the heart to symbolize human emotions. Before the 19th century general medical practice and literary texts both historically recognized ... More


No Scientific Revolution in Medicine

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0062
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter sheds light on the scientific revolution in medicine in the centuries following the decline of the Song dynasty to the end of the empire in 1912. There were a couple of initiatives, but ... More


Medicine and Care of the Dying: A Modern History

Milton J. Lewis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195175486
eISBN:
9780199999903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175486.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

There is a growing conflict in medicine between the research imperative, with its implicit goal of overcoming death itself, and the re-emergent clinical imperative to treat death as a part of life ... More


The Religious and the Medical

Milton J. Lewis

in Medicine and Care of the Dying: A Modern History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195175486
eISBN:
9780199999903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175486.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses and maps the interaction of medicine and religion in the development of hospitals and hospices for the dying. It particularly looks at the significant role played by the ... More


Nursing

Frank Prochaska

in Christianity and Social Service in Modern Britain: The Disinherited Spirit

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199539796
eISBN:
9780191713460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539796.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The Victorian medical profession's inability to cure patients or to offer an explanation for death gave strength to religion. This chapter focuses on district nursing, which developed rapidly in the ... More


‘Man against disease’: the medical Left and the lessons of science, 1918–48

John Stewart

in Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the period between the end of the First World War and the creation of the National Health Service, developments in biomedicine provided models for the social and political action of left-wing ... More


Take Bitter Roots for Malaria

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ghanaian scientists and healers vied for rights to a promising treatment for drug-resistant malaria, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. During the colonial period, healers developed therapies for malaria ... More


Apocalypse and Health: Treatment and Prevention in the Seventh-day Adventist Tradition

Roy Branson

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Seventh-day Adventists, the largest Adventist Christian denomination, operate the largest number of acute-care medical institutions of any Protestant denomination. The denomination emerged out of ... More


The National Health Service in England1: Some aspects of structure

Richard M. Titmuss

in Essays on the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349518
eISBN:
9781447349525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349518.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter explains how it can argued that the larger the investment by any society in ‘individualism’, the more may ‘health consciousness’ spread. Similarly, the limits to what is personally ... More


Controlling Experiment

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1880s, venom served as a means to explore specific body functions, and the changes thus produced were recorded with novel kinds of recording devices. Venom was tested systematically with a ... More


The Yi Health Care System in Liangshan and Chuxiong

Liu Xiaoxing

in Perspectives on the Yi of Southwest China

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520219885
eISBN:
9780520935259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520219885.003.0017
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter treats the changes in the health care system, and more significantly the lack of change in and the persistence of traditional healers, as another instance of the contradiction between ... More


Local Knowledge in Health: The Case of Andean Midwifery

Barbara Bradby

in Knowledge and Learning in the Andes: Ethnographic Perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235187
eISBN:
9781846313424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235187.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter discusses local knowledge in the area of health and medicine in the Andes. It highlights the conflicts between the knowledge and practices of traditional Andean midwifery and those of ... More


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