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Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method

Paul Humphreys

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195158700
eISBN:
9780199785964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158709.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Computational science, especially computer simulations, is now the dominant procedure in many areas of science. This book contains the first systematic philosophical account of this new scientific ... More


Things, Sounds, and Spectacles

Johannes Fabian

in Out of Our Minds: Reason and Madness in the Exploration of Central Africa

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520221222
eISBN:
9780520923935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221222.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Among the “strange things” that drew explorers outside the safe confines of rationally controlled inquiry were certain objects and performances. Realizing this adds an important dimension to the ... More


The Palatial Laboratory: Economy and Experiment

Simon Werrett

in Thrifty Science: Making the Most of Materials in the History of Experiment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226610252
eISBN:
9780226610399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610399.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Eight argues that changes in oeconomy and thrift circa 1600-1800 culminated in the nineteenth century in a new approach to materials that I call "economic science." This entailed the rise of ... More


Buying under Conditions of Uncertainty: A Proactive Approach

Olli Vuola and Max Boisot

in Collisions and Collaboration: The Organization of Learning in the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567928
eISBN:
9780191728945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567928.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Organization Studies

This chapter focuses on the constraints affecting the ATLAS Collaboration's procurement processes. The construction of ATLAS is an industrial-scale undertaking, and the collaboration therefore has to ... More


Music as an Object of Natural History

Emily I. Dolan

in Sound Knowledge: Music and Science in London, 1789-1851

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226402079
eISBN:
9780226402109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226402109.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American

Dolan argues that Burney’s History of Music (1776-89) marked a major epistemological shift: a change in the kind of “object of knowledge” music was understood to be, bringing along with it new ... More


Interlocution, Perception, and Memory

Tyler Burge

in Cognition Through Understanding: Self-Knowledge, Interlocution, Reasoning, Reflection: Philosophical Essays, Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672028
eISBN:
9780191751929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672028.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

‘Interlocution, Perception, and Memory’ (1997) answers objections by Christensen and Kornblith to views in ‘Content Preservation’. Although Burge still does not accept the grounds for their ... More


Drawing Weapons

Nick Wilding

in Galileo's Idol: Gianfrancesco Sagredo and the Politics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226166971
eISBN:
9780226167022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226167022.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter turns towards Galileo, to investigate his use of instruments and texts in the period before his telescopic astronomical discoveries in 1610. Galileo’s dispute with his former student ... More


Secondhand Science

Simon Werrett

in Thrifty Science: Making the Most of Materials in the History of Experiment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226610252
eISBN:
9780226610399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610399.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Six argues that there were many ways to obtain scientific instruments and goods besides buying them in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The eighteenth century witnessed the rise of ... More


Shifty Science: How to Make Use of Things

Simon Werrett

in Thrifty Science: Making the Most of Materials in the History of Experiment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226610252
eISBN:
9780226610399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610399.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

"Making use of things" was a key value of thrifty science and domestic oeconomy, but what exactly did this mean? Chapter Three considers a variety of making practices which served good oeconomy by ... More


Auctions and the Dismantling of Science

Simon Werrett

in Thrifty Science: Making the Most of Materials in the History of Experiment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226610252
eISBN:
9780226610399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610399.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Seven examines the auction as a site where thrifty and commercial practices and values overlapped and existed in tension. Auctions, hitherto largely ignored by historians of science, were key ... More


| 1812–15 The Prime Mover of Danish Science, and Gitte's First-Born Child

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ørsted delivers his meagre report on his second grand tour to the King. He suggests a reorganization of the sciences at the University to lever a Faculty of Science, but to no avail. Ørsted is ... More


Tod’s practice of science in India: voyages through empirical, common sense

Florence D’Souza

in Knowledge, mediation and empire: James Tod's journeys among the Rajputs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719090806
eISBN:
9781781708576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090806.003.0004
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Tod’s practice of science in India took place in the scientific context of the first two decades of the nineteenth century in Britain, which were the occasion of the institutionalisation of major ... More


The Broken World: Repairs and Recycling

Simon Werrett

in Thrifty Science: Making the Most of Materials in the History of Experiment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226610252
eISBN:
9780226610399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610399.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Five examines repairs and recycling in early modern science. Early modern homes engaged in a great deal of repair work, as skilled householders or artisans mended an assortment of domestic ... More


| 1804 | 1804 Alone and Abandoned in Copenhagen with a Collection of Instruments

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ritter's reaction to the fiasco in Paris was calm. He married and encouraged Ørsted to make girlfriends. Two of Ørsted's fellow-countrymen reported not only the defeat he suffered in the National ... More


Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy

David Cunning

in Margaret Cavendish: Essential Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190664053
eISBN:
9780190946876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190664053.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter features a selection of excerpts from Cavendish’s book, Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy. The passages treat a number of topics and issues: the divisibility of body; empty space ... More


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