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Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


Science, Truth, and Democracy

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What should be the goal of science in a democratic society? Some say, to attain the truth; others deny the possibility (or even the intelligibility) of truth‐seeking. Science, Truth, and Democracy ... More


How could science show that the laws govern?

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

One crucial part of the law‐governed world‐picture is the idea that empirical science is capable of showing that the universe is governed by laws of nature; we do not have to rely on extra‐scientific ... More


The Province of Jurisprudence Predetermined

Allan C. Hutchinson

in The Province of Jurisprudence Democratized

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195343250
eISBN:
9780199867752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343250.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The attractions of the scientific method have been given a new lease on jurisprudential life. The lack of scientific ambition is considered by some to be the failing of contemporary legal theory, and ... More


What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Joshua S. Bloom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest—and, until recently, among the least understood—cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the Cold War, these evanescent high-energy explosions ... More


Narrative and the Rationality of Mathematical Practice

David Corfield

Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the rationality of mathematical practice in relation to narrative. It begins with a discussion of Alasdair MacIntyre's account of rational enquiry, Three Rival Versions of Moral ... More


Naturalism Lost: Nature Regained

Conor Cunningham

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter argues that while methodological naturalism is an essential component of scientific inquiry, metaphyscial naturalism threatens to undermine the very practice and intelligibility of ... More


The Scientist’s Concern: Knowledge for its Own Sake

Francis E. Reilly S. J.

in Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823208807
eISBN:
9780823284726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823208807.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Peirce's understanding of science. Peirce asserts that the lexicographer and the non-scientist may regard science as an “organized body of knowledge,” but the genuine scientist ... More


The Stages of the Method (i): Experience and Hypothesis

Francis E. Reilly S. J.

in Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823208807
eISBN:
9780823284726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823208807.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter describes the characteristics of the method which Charles Sanders Peirce judges most adapted to the needs of scientific inquiry. In particular, the chapter deals with the experience ... More


Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method

Francis E. Reilly

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823208807
eISBN:
9780823284726
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823208807.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This book is an attempt to understand a significant part of the complex thought of CharlesSanders Peirce, especially in those areas which interested him most: scientific method and related ... More


Models of Scientific Inquiry and Statistical Practice: Implications for the Structure of Scientific Knowledge

Brian A. Maurer

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Practitioners of science often go about their craft in a manner that is unique to each discipline. Statistics must serve different purposes defined by the nature of the subject matter and maturity of ... More


On Understanding the Nature of Scientific Knowledge

Susan Carey and Carol Smith

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry is the central topic of this section. The authors communicate their opposition to the usual textbook practice, and assert that science is not just a ... More


Facts, Values, and Intervention

in Borrowed Knowledge: Chaos Theory and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226429786
eISBN:
9780226429809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226429809.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that scientific knowledge can contribute to answering important questions of value in that it is neither irrelevant to value inquiry nor a replacement for it. In exploring the ... More


Language, Meaning, and Information: A Case Study on the Path from Philosophy to Science

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter is a case study of the process by which the attempt to solve philosophical problems sometimes leads to the birth of new domains of scientific inquiry. It traces how advances in logic and ... More


Who's Afraid of Charles Sanders Peirce?: Knocking Some Critical Common Sense into Moral Philosophy

Cornelis de Waal

in The Normative Thought of Charles S. Peirce

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242443
eISBN:
9780823250769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242443.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter explores the potential contribution of Peirce's theory of scientific inquiry to moral philosophy. It begins with an outline Peirce's theory of inquiry. It then addresses why Peirce ... More


Bodies of Evidence: Depo-Provera and the Public Board of Inquiry

in Bodies of Knowledge: Sexuality, Reproduction, and Women's Health in the Second Wave

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226443058
eISBN:
9780226443072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226443072.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the 1983 U.S. Food and Drug Administration Board of Inquiry hearing held to determine whether Depo-Provera should be approved for use as a hormonal contraceptive in the United ... More


The Rhetorical Functions of Borrowing and the Uses of Disciplinary Prestige

in Borrowed Knowledge: Chaos Theory and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226429786
eISBN:
9780226429809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226429809.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first sketches a rhetorical perspective, especially as it relates to scientific inquiry, and treats one major source of conflict between rhetoric and philosophy: the question of ... More


Characteristics of Scientific Inquiry

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter introduces the reader to basic characteristics of science and situates the design and analysis considerations presented throughout the book within the context of scientific inquiry. A ... More


Adjusting the Pragmatic Turn: Lessons from Ethnomethodology

William Rehg

in Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the challenge of radical contextualism—which is generally identified with the social-constructivist and conventionalist forms of relativism—and “its implications for the ideas ... More


Scientific Inquiry in Digital Games

Jodi Asbell-Clarke and Elizabeth Rowe

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines how social digital gaming environments foster communities of public scientific inquiry and how that inquiry might be measured for educational purposes. More specifically, it ... More


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