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The Nature of Explanation

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

There are two kinds of explanation of phenomena — scientific explanation in terms of laws of nature and initial conditions, or (on a preferable analysis of laws of nature) in terms of objects and ... More


Rationalizing the Commandments I: Rationalizing the Commandments I: The Maimonidean Method

Daniel Rynhold

in Two Models of Jewish Philosophy: Justifying One's Practices

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199274864
eISBN:
9780191602450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927486X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Maimonides’ method of rationalizing the commandments is examined, placing particular stress on his use of a quasi-Aristotelian method of scientific explanation. Maimonides’ use of Aristotle’s ... More


Explanation and Causal Relevance

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a causal-mechanical view of explanation in neuroscience by arguing against three other philosophical accounts of scientific explanation: Paul Churchland's representational ... More


Comets, Pollen, and Dreams Some Reflections on Scientific Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Examines three basic approaches to scientific explanation (the epistemic, modal, and ontic conceptions) that have been advocated by influential writers in the second half of the twentieth century and ... More


Scientific Explanation: How We Got from There to Here

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Contains a brief history of the developments in the philosophy of scientific explanation in the 40 years following the publication in 1948 of Carl G. Hempel and Paul Oppenheim's seminal article, ... More


Re-enactment and Laws

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the kind of understanding which R. G. Collingwood himself more often contrasted with the re-enactive sort: understanding achieved through scientific explanation, or explanation ... More


The Pragmatics of Explanation 1

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Explanatory power is a complex theoretical virtue, not reducible to empirical strength or adequacy, which includes other virtues as its own preconditions. Since this virtue provides one of the main ... More


Epilogue

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This epilogue summarises what has emerged with regard to both R. G. Collingwood's view of the nature of historical understanding as re-enactment, and the place which that doctrine should occupy in a ... More


Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Gregory J. Morgan (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this, the first book devoted to Peter Achinstein's influential work in philosophy of science, twenty distinguished philosophers, including four Lakatos award winners, address various aspects of ... More


Concluding Remarks

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a summary of what has been reviewed in this volume. It is all too common to hear in neuroscience and psychology that attention is a vague concept not amenable to a truly ... More


Mathematical Explanation: Why it Matters

Paolo Mancosu

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter offers a broad survey of the literature on mathematical explanation, and shows the importance of this area of work for a philosophical understanding of mathematical practice and for ... More


Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Lawrence Sklar

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Sceptics have often cast doubt on the legitimacy of claims to the effect that our best scientific theories are true. One ground for such scepticism is the fact that our theories advert to the ... More


Free and Creator of the Universe

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240709
eISBN:
9780191598586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240708.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Explanation is of two kinds—personal (in terms of persons, their intentions, capacities, and beliefs) and scientific (in terms of laws of nature and initial conditions). In explaining things in terms ... More


A World of Subjunctives

Marc Lange

in Laws and Lawmakers Science, Metaphysics, and the Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328134
eISBN:
9780199870042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The laws' necessity makes them laws. Their necessity consists of membership in a nonmaximal sub-nomically stable set. Therefore, the laws are laws in virtue of belonging to a nonmaximal sub-nomically ... More


Dispositions as Causes

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses dispositions as causes. It holds that dispositions are properties, and that properties play causal roles in a thing's interactions with the world about them. It puts forward a ... More


 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the ... More


In defense of a causal requirement on explanation

Garrett Pendergraft

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0022
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Causalists about explanation claim that to explain an event is to provide information about the causal history of that event. Some causalists also endorse a proportionality claim, namely that one ... More


On Sellars's Two Images of the World

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reviews Sellars's arguments for the ultimate ontological primacy of the ‘scientific image’ over the ‘manifest image’, despite the fact that the manifest image is essential to the ... More


“Actin' Funny, But I Don't Know Why” The Explanatory Gap

Joseph Levine

in Purple Haze: The Puzzle of Consciousness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195132359
eISBN:
9780199833375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132351.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The problem of the explanatory gap is introduced. First, a survey of various theories of scientific explanation reveals that deductive inference plays a crucial role in explanation. Then it is argued ... More


Magic and Exploratory Behavior

Eugene Subbotsky

in Magic and the Mind: Mechanisms, Functions, and Development of Magical Thinking and Behavior

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393873
eISBN:
9780199776979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393873.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 7 (“Magic and Exploratory Behavior”) analyzes another aspect of magical thinking: children's and adults' curiosity toward magic. It must be emphasized that curiosity toward ... More


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