Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-17 of 17 items

  • Keywords: scientific experiments x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Galileo and the Indispensability of Scientific Thought Experiment

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that thought experiments play a distinctive role in scientific inquiry. Reasoning about particular entities within the context of an imaginary scenario can lead to rationally ... More


Science in the Forests: Rethinking Conservation

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines how in the urge for scientific forestry, the foresters in Assam took recourse to the local experiences. It also discusses how both scientific management and commercialization of ... More


Thought Experiments Rethought—and Reperceived

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the question of how contemplation of an imaginary scenario can lead to new knowledge about contingent features of the natural world—that is, how it can provide us with relevant ... More


Our Most Curious Device

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates the power of thought experiments by assembling influential thought experiments from the history of science. It lays out the book's plan to understand philosophical thought ... More


Out of the Guianas: The American Philosophical Society and the Eel

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The path of the electric eel as a pivotal organism in understanding how electric fish might function can be traced to the observations and scientific experiments that came out of South America at the ... More


Seeing Like a State Agent

Sigrid Schmalzer

in "Red Revolution, Green Revolution": Scientific Farming in Socialist China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330150
eISBN:
9780226330297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the roles of local cadres and technicians in China's green revolution. These local "state agents" sat at the hinge of the contradiction between green and red revolutions—between ... More


Opportunity and Failure

Sigrid Schmalzer

in "Red Revolution, Green Revolution": Scientific Farming in Socialist China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330150
eISBN:
9780226330297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Accounts of youth in the countryside during the Cultural Revolution tend to vacillate between two starkly differing narrative arcs: one defined by "opportunity," and the other by "failure." Both ... More


Introduction

Sigrid Schmalzer

in "Red Revolution, Green Revolution": Scientific Farming in Socialist China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330150
eISBN:
9780226330297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction begins by contrasting the technocratic vision for the green revolution as it was conceived in the U.S. with the radical perspective on science and politics that informed the Mao-era ... More


Agricultural Science and the Socialist State

Sigrid Schmalzer

in "Red Revolution, Green Revolution": Scientific Farming in Socialist China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330150
eISBN:
9780226330297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The dominant historical narrative of science in the People's Republic of China charts a pendulum-like alternation between "radical," anti-science periods and "moderate," pro-science periods. This ... More


On Flinching: Theatricality and Scientific Looking from Darwin to Shell Shock

Tiffany Watt Smith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198700937
eISBN:
9780191770487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700937.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, Drama

While the end of the nineteenth century is often associated with the rise of objectivity and its ideal of a restrained observer, scientific experiments continued to create emotional, even theatrical, ... More


Intuitions in Science: Thought Experiments as Argument Pumps

Darrell P. Rowbottom

in Intuitions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609192
eISBN:
9780191758973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609192.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents and criticizes the two dominant accounts of thought experiments in science, due to James Robert Brown and John Norton; the mechanical thought experiment of Simon Stevin is used ... More


Effluvia

Jonathan Lamb

in Scurvy: The Disease of Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691182933
eISBN:
9781400884544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182933.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Loathsome and dangerous diseases are traditionally associated with foreignness, which plunges those who succumb to them into the loneliness of a castaway or the solitude of an unwelcome stranger. ... More


Flow Restoration Methods

Angela H. Arthington

in Environmental Flows: Saving Rivers in the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273696
eISBN:
9780520953451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273696.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents broad principles that inform river restoration by means of adjustments to regulated flow regimes, and describes frameworks designed to cope with situations of limited technical ... More


Novice Thought Experiments

Roy Sorensen

in Intuitions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609192
eISBN:
9780191758973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609192.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most philosophers heed their colleague’s thought experiments and ignore those of novices. An analogy with science that explains their incuriosity is presented.


Civilization and the Culture of Science: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1795-1935

Stephen Gaukroger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198849070
eISBN:
9780191883347
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198849070.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

How does science, in the period from the end of the eighteenth to the middle of the twentieth century, come to have such a central place in Western culture? At issue in the consolidation of a ... More


The Skillful Engineer

Patrick Chura

in Thoreau the Land Surveyor

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034935
eISBN:
9780813038278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034935.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Thoreau made several surveys purely for the pleasure of experimentation. In addition to the surveys of Walden in 1846 and White Pond in 1851, Thoreau apparently made a recreational plan of the Old ... More


Causation, Nomic Determination, and the Counterfactual Test

Boris Kment

in Modality and Explanatory Reasoning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199604685
eISBN:
9780191758928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604685.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 10 introduces the main idea of the account of the function of modal thinking defended in the book. Modal concepts originate in the practice of supporting claims about causal and other ... More


View: