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Public Science Systems, Higher Education, and the Trajectory of Academic Disciplines: Business Studies in the United States and Europe

Lars Engwall, Matthias Kipping, and Behlül Üsdiken

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter shows that the developmental trajectory of scientific disciplines is highly dependent on the nationally based higher education and science systems in which they are embedded, despite ... More


Conclusion

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

By the middle of the eighteenth century, the elevated place natural philosophy had achieved remained secure, and indeed was reinforced as naturalization became a dominant explanatory strategy. On the ... More


Disciplinary Boundaries and Border Disputes

Alice Jenkins

in Space and the 'March of Mind': Literature and the Physical Sciences in Britain 1815-1850

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209927
eISBN:
9780191706431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209927.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter focuses on debates about the construction of boundaries between scientific disciplines in the period. Even as the physical sciences were rapidly separating into disciplines, each with ... More


Aristotle on Kind‐Crossing

Philipp Steinkrüger

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 54

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825128
eISBN:
9780191864681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825128.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This paper concerns Aristotle's kind‐crossing prohibition. My aim is twofold. I argue that the traditional accounts of the prohibition are subject to serious internal difficulties and should be ... More


Defining a Social Work Science: Its Nature and Consequences

John Brekke

in Shaping a Science of Social Work: Professional Knowledge and Identity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190880668
eISBN:
9780190880699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880668.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides some proposed intellectual boundaries of the scientific discipline of social work (its domains), as well as some of the core constructs that can guide the science. Since these ... More


Conclusion

Basia Spalek and Alia Imtoual

in Religion, spirituality and the social sciences: Challenging marginalisation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420411
eISBN:
9781447303190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420411.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

This chapter summarises the themes of the book, which focus on religion and spirituality in popular culture and policy arenas as well as within the academy. The first section examines the notion of ... More


Knowing

José Filipe Silva

in Robert Kilwardby

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190674755
eISBN:
9780197510889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190674755.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Philosophy of Religion

The longest chapter of the book examines Kilwardby’s theory of knowledge, from sense perception to intellectual cognition. The key texts to understanding Kilwardby’s interpretation of Aristotelian ... More


Rationalizing the Economic Infrastructure

Martha Lampland

in The Value of Labor: The Science of Commodification in Hungary, 1920-1956

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226314600
eISBN:
9780226314747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314747.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The chapter begins by sketching the kinds of practices and entities (infrastructure) that are required to assess the value of labor, activities that precede the growth of a labor market or are ... More


Scientific Disciplines in Isolation, 1: Those with Obvious Connections to Nuclear War

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Research on the nuclear winter phenomenon involved more than half a dozen scientific disciplines, from particle microphysics and atmospheric chemistry to ozone depletion, studies on the effects of ... More


Trading with the Enemy

Peter Galison

in Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise: Creating New Kinds of Collaboration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014724
eISBN:
9780262289436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014724.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter presents a narrative of the discoveries and frustrations that led the author to emphasize trading zones. Finding evidence for the locality of practice in science, he studied the ... More


Race, Biomedicine, and Health Injustice

Anthony Ryan Hatch

in Blood Sugar: Racial Pharmacology and Food Justice in Black America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816696178
eISBN:
9781452954233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696178.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The chapter discusses and reviews the three theoretical frameworks that guide the book’s main arguments: critical race theory, biomedicalization, and biopower. It contextualizes and explains the ... More


Scientific Disciplines in Isolation, 2: Those with Less Obvious Connections to Nuclear War

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Nuclear war analysts often compared nuclear detonations to volcanic eruptions. The connection between volcanic eruptions and climatic changes, suggested long ago by Benjamin Franklin and others, ... More


Stardust in Flux

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter jolts our view of ourselves into a new perspective: we are not merely living in a complex world, but we are an intimately connected part of it. Virtually all parts of our transient ... More


Introduction

Arne Höcker

in The Case of Literature: Forensic Narratives From Goethe to Kafka

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501749353
eISBN:
9781501749384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501749353.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This introductory chapter provides an overview of how representing cases in fictional narrative became an important touchstone for the development of German literature. The concept case refers to a ... More


Conclusion: “A New Era in the Science of Medicine”?

Thomas A. Apel

in Feverish Bodies, Enlightened Minds: Science and the Yellow Fever Controversy in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804797405
eISBN:
9780804799638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804797405.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The Conclusion suggests that the yellow fever debate revealed the untenability of scientific inquiry based on the common-sense model, which could not sustain productive debate. It also contends that ... More


Introduction

Theodore M. Porter

in The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691208428
eISBN:
9780691210520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691208428.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter provides an overview of statistics. Statistics has become known in the twentieth century as the mathematical tool for analyzing experimental and observational data. ... More


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