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Introduction

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The main focus of this book is to discuss the acquisition of intelligence on current and future Soviet weaponry by Western — chiefly British — intelligence agencies in Germany during the period ... More


The National Health Service in England: Science and the sociology of medical care

Richard M. Titmuss

in Essays on the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349518
eISBN:
9781447349525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349518.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This concluding chapter reviews how, during the past decade, there has been an increasing volume of studies and reports on general practice in Britain, the United States, and other countries. No ... More


Epidemiological methods: a view from the Americas

Eduardo L. Franco, Salaheddin M. Mahmud, and Andrew G. Dean

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the history of epidemiological methods. It provides a personal account of how the three authors view the evolution of study designs, statistical methodology, and the ... More


Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: How an Emerging Area on the Scientific Agenda of the Core Countries Has Been Adopted and Transformed in Latin America

Noela Invernizzi, Matthieu Hubert, and Dominique Vinck

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Invernizzi, Hubert, and Vinck study the development of nanoscience policy in Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina to examine how the scientific priorities of nations outside Latin America shape those in ... More


The Relation of Concepts to Causes in Epidemiology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how concepts and theory, sometimes disdained as remote from the world of facts and action, are critical to practice. The causes of disease sought by any scientists, medical or ... More


Some Evaluations

Francis E. Reilly S. J.

in Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823208807
eISBN:
9780823284726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823208807.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter evaluates two aspects of Peirce's thought: his Greek insistence on the primacy of theoretical knowledge, and his almost Teilhardian synthesis of evolutionary themes. It reflects the ... More


Space and the 'March of Mind': Literature and the Physical Sciences in Britain 1815-1850

Alice Jenkins

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209927
eISBN:
9780191706431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209927.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book is about the idea of space in the first half of the 19th century. It uses contemporary poetry, essays, and fiction as well as scientific papers, textbooks, and journalism to give a new ... More


Causation, Free Will, and Naturalism 1

Jenann Ismael

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the worry that the existence of causal antecedents to your choices means that you are causally compelled to act as you do. It begins with the folk notion of cause, leads the ... More


Peaceful Atoms in Mexico

Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez-Díaz

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Mateos and Suárez-Díaz use a transnational framework to study the history of Mexican nuclearity during the Cold War. As they show, the development of national nuclear capabilities required the ... More


Ethical Dialogue about Science in the Context of a Culture of Precaution

Bill Durodié

in The Ethics of Protocells: Moral and Social Implications of Creating Life in the Laboratory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012621
eISBN:
9780262255301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012621.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter returns to the contemporary popularity of precautionary thinking. It describes the simultaneous importance and difficulty of making sure that the public’s actual voice is heard, rather ... More


Ignorance and Surprise: Science, Society, and Ecological Design

Matthias Gross

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013482
eISBN:
9780262265911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013482.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Ignorance and surprise belong together: Surprises can make people aware of their own ignorance. And yet, perhaps paradoxically, a surprising event in scientific research—one that defies prediction or ... More


Introduction

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s four main goals: (i) to tell the story of American meteorology’s transformation from a discipline more art than science in the early twentieth century to ... More


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