Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: scientific community x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Introduction: Oracles of Science

Karl Giberson and Mariano Artigas

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.intro
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Carl Sagan, Richard Dawkins, Stephen Hawking, Stephen Jay Gould, Steven Weinberg, and Edward. O. Wilson are scientists and science writers with gifts for communication that have allowed them to speak ... More


The Microstructure of Scientific Change

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Using the details of the case study as an illustration, offers a picture of the scientist as a cognitive subject, and introduces the key notion of a scientific practice. Instead of thinking of a ... More


Methodological Approaches to Scientific and Technological Thinking

Michael E. Gorman

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a taxonomy of the methodological approaches psychologists have taken to studying scientific and technological thinking, based on an analogy to biological methods, including in ... More


Social Constructivism

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers of science should take seriously the fact, emphasized already by Peirce and Popper, that scientific knowledge is a product of the scientific community. The ontological and ... More


Measuring Competence? Exploring Firm Effects in Drug Discovery

Rebecca Henderson and Iain Cockburn

in The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248544
eISBN:
9780191596155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248540.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter explores the role of ‘competence’ in pharmaceutical research. It provides support for the existence of sources of heterogeneity highlighted by the resource‐based view of the firm by ... More


Awe Without Wonder

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter summarizes the major points achieved in the previous chapters and further reflects on this volume's findings about human culture. It considers why the evolution of culture ... More


Making "Nature": The History of a Scientific Journal

Melinda Baldwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226261454
eISBN:
9780226261591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book examines the history of Nature, today perhaps the world’s most prestigious scientific journal, from its foundation in 1869 to the present day. The book traces Nature’s development from its ... More


A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Albert Moyer

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

In late nineteenth-century America, Simon Newcomb was the nation's most celebrated scientist and—irascibly, doggedly, tirelessly—he made the most of it. Officially a mathematical astronomer heading a ... More


Science and Society

Ramin Jahanbegloo

in India Revisited: Conversations on Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195689440
eISBN:
9780199080342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195689440.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

In this interview, Surendra Prasad discusses the importance of science in the Indian society. He talks about India being the fountainhead of important foundational scientific developments and ... More


The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Kelly Joan Whitmer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Observing at the Orphanage uncovers the crucial contributions of Halle’s Orphanage to the broader scientific enterprise of the early eighteenth century. Founded by a group of German Lutherans known ... More


Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Robert J. "Richards and Lorraine Daston (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty is a collection of essay in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s famous book. The essays reconstruct the ... More


Shaping a Transnational Systems Community (2): Family versus War Room

Eglė Rindzevičiūtė

in The Power of Systems: How Policy Sciences Opened Up the Cold War World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501703188
eISBN:
9781501706257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703188.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines the use of informal practices and new metaphoric language, created to counteract precisely the “war room” mentality, thus helping to form East-West scientific and policy ... More


From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Brian J. Gareau

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Montreal Protocol has been cited as the most successful global agreement, responsible for phasing out the use of ozone-depleting substances. However, this book argues that the Montreal Protocol ... More


Nature, the Cold War, and the Rise of the United States

Melinda Baldwin

in Making "Nature": The History of a Scientific Journal

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226261454
eISBN:
9780226261591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261591.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at Nature’s international status in the 1960s and 1970s under the leadership of two transformative editors: John Maddox and David Davies. In 1966, Nature hired Maddox, a physicist ... More


The Value of a Discipline

John H. Aldrich

in Interdisciplinarity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199331345
eISBN:
9780190208998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331345.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter explores the value of a discipline. It argues that disciplines are necessary divisions of labor and areas of specialization in the academy. There must always be some way of dividing up ... More


Living With Death

Didier Fassin

in When Bodies Remember: Experiences and Politics of AIDS in South Africa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244672
eISBN:
9780520940451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244672.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The number of AIDS patients has been increasing in South Africa over the years. The Center for Actuarial Research of the University of Cape Town published a series of projections that were to become ... More


Developing Your Career

Michael Hochberg

in An Editor's Guide to Writing and Publishing Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198804789
eISBN:
9780191843051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804789.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The publishing landscape is changing rapidly and in complex ways. Young researchers need to navigate this and find their place in the scientific community. Your place will evolve throughout your ... More


{} We Are Skeptics Together about a Great Many Things: Catholics and the Scientific Study of Stigmata

Paula M. Kane

in Sister Thorn and Catholic Mysticism in Modern America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607603
eISBN:
9781469612560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607603.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the scientific community's impact on the American understanding of stigmatization in the early twentieth century. It analyzes and contrasts the involvements of the three ... More


A Twist of the Dial

in Science on the Air: Popularizers and Personalities on Radio and Early Television

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467597
eISBN:
9780226466958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226466958.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Popularization remained a marginal activity for the scientific and academic elite during the early 1930s, rarely high on their professional agendas. To some, popularization represented a necessary ... More


Correlation under Siege

Gowan Dawson

in Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers how Thomas Henry Huxley, beginning in the mid-1850s during the Crimean War, impugned the abilities of Cuvier, asserting that the ostensibly infallible law of physiological ... More


View: