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Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Maurice Finocchiaro

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1633, at the end of one of the most famous trials in history, the Inquisition condemned Galileo for contending that the Earth moves and that the Bible is not a scientific authority. Galileo's ... More


The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, and Ruud Hendriks

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026581
eISBN:
9780262258609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026581.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Today, scientific advice is asked for (and given) on questions ranging from stem-cell research to genetically modified food, and yet it often seems that the more urgently scientific advice is ... More


Performing Scientificity: Race, Science, and Politics in the USA and Germany after the Second World War1

Holger Droessler

in Black Knowledges/Black Struggles: Essays in Critical Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381724
eISBN:
9781781382257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381724.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter traces the postwar battle for scientific authority and political influence between the older guard of physical anthropologists and the rising group of social scientists in a ... More


Introduction

Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, and Hendriks Ruud

in The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026581
eISBN:
9780262258609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026581.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s purpose, which is to contribute to a theory of scientific advising in which the paradox of scientific authority is resolved. The book provides an ... More


Conclusion

Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, and Hendriks Ruud

in The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026581
eISBN:
9780262258609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026581.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This concluding chapter adds the third element of the theory of scientific advice: the place and role of scientific advice in the process of democratic governance. It links the case study of the ... More


Faceless Science: Scientific Credibility in the Public Sphere

Michael S. Evans

in Seeking Good Debate: "Religion, Science, and Conflict in American Public Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285071
eISBN:
9780520960664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285071.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows that the dominant model of scientific credibility depends on separating the public credibility of science from any individual scientist. The result is that scientists generally do ... More


A Democracy of Experts: Knowledge and Politics in the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex

Joy Rohde

in Armed with Expertise: The Militarization of American Social Research during the Cold War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449673
eISBN:
9780801469602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449673.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter identifies the role of expertise in democracy. The basis of modern scientific authority lies in the supposedly objective and disinterested character of its empirical claims. If ... More


Authority in Vernacular Traditions and Ornithology

Nancy J. Jacobs

in Birders of Africa: History of a Network

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300209617
eISBN:
9780300220803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209617.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter provides a broad overview of the relations between scientific authority and white racial prejudice around the turn of the twentieth century. The interplay of these two characteristics of ... More


Science and Bad Debate

Michael S. Evans

in Seeking Good Debate: "Religion, Science, and Conflict in American Public Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285071
eISBN:
9780520960664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285071.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that respondents' confidence in science depends on science remaining “faceless” in public life. Respondents largely endorse the public narrative of scientists as virtuous ... More


Victorian Popularizers of Science: Designing Nature for New Audiences

Bernard Lightman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226481180
eISBN:
9780226481173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226481173.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The ideas of Charles Darwin and his fellow Victorian scientists have had an abiding effect on the modern world. But at the time The Origin of Species was published in 1859, the British public looked ... More


Volume Editor's Introduction

in Selected Writings of an Eighteenth-Century Venetian Woman of Letters

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226817675
eISBN:
9780226817699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226817699.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This introductory chapter discusses the life and works of Elisabetta Caminer. By age twenty-one, Caminer had made a place for herself in the Republic of Letters with her remarkable accomplishments as ... More


Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology

Katharine Anderson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226019680
eISBN:
9780226019703
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226019703.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Victorian Britain, with its maritime economy and strong links between government and scientific enterprises, founded an office to collect meteorological statistics in 1854 in an effort to foster a ... More


Unearthing the Nation: Modern Geology and Nationalism in Republican China

Grace Yen Shen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226090405
eISBN:
9780226090542
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226090542.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Unearthing the Nation uses the development of modern geology to explore the complex relationship between science and nationalism in Republican China. While social commentators of the time could link ... More


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