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Canon and Scientia

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The division between the East and West in the Church is brilliantly carried forth in the West in the work of Thomas Aquinas. By reaching for a conception of theology as scientia and by privileging ... More


Unsettling Judgment: Knowledge, Belief, and the Crisis of Authority

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter traces the breakdown of the medieval vocabulary of justification that was characterized by certain knowledge on one hand (scientia) and probable belief on the other (opinio). Terms ... More


 Civic Virtue and Science in Prerevolutionary Europe

John C. Moore

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In prerevolutionary Europe, science in the broad sense of organized knowledge (scientia) played a crucial role in the emergence of democracy and civic virtue. Medieval thinkers drew on Cicero, ... More


Introduction

Maurizio Viroli

in Machiavelli

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198780885
eISBN:
9780191695407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198780885.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter asserts that Niccolo Machiavelli was the restorer of the Roman concept of politics as civil wisdom, and the founder of the theory of modern republicanism based on this ... More


Dispassionate Scientia

Susan James

in Passion and Action: The Emotions in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250135
eISBN:
9780191597794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250134.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Because scientific knowledge must be free from error, those who seek it must somehow avoid the mistakes to which our passions expose us. Some seventeenth‐century philosophers taken an optimistic view ... More


Introduction: Science Studies and Early Modern Literature and Culture

Howard Marchitello

in The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

The Introduction offers an overview of the history of science as it impacts on the study of early modern literature and culture. This history has two general phases. The first begins in the 1930s and ... More


The ‘Middle Early’ Dialogues: Soliloquia, De immortalitate animae, and De animae quantitate

Paige E. Hochschild

in Memory in Augustine's Theological Anthropology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199643028
eISBN:
9780191745416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643028.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This chapter concerns the ‘middle early’ dialogues, Soliliquia, De immortalitate animae and De animae quantitatae. Augustine continues to defer his explicit treatment of memory, but lays the ... More


Perfection of Memory in the Vision of God: De trinitate

Paige E. Hochschild

in Memory in Augustine's Theological Anthropology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199643028
eISBN:
9780191745416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643028.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

This long chapter focusses on De Trinitate, with particular emphasis on books 12-14. Attention is paid to the over-arching argument of a complicated text, but the focus is on memory and the abiding ... More


Natural philosophy and the aims of the Essay

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter challenges the claim that Locke's aim in writing the Essay was to defend or support mechanical philosophy. The chapter argues, instead, that Locke's stated aims have little to do with ... More


“Abnormal Desires” and “Barbarous Instincts”: The Birth of the Sexual Pervert

Miguel de Beistegui

in The Government of Desire: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226547374
eISBN:
9780226547404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547404.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter turns to the birth of the homo sexualis, and of the discourse of sexuality, as the second pillar of liberalism investigated in the book. Its main (seemingly paradoxical) thesis is that ... More


God, Good , and the Desire of all Things

David Decosimo

in Ethics as a Work of Charity: Thomas Aquinas and Pagan Virtue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790635
eISBN:
9780804791700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790635.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Beginning with the Aristotelian dictum that “the good is what all desire,” this chapter argues that for Thomas the good is Jesus Christ and the Triune God. So understood, this principle founds his ... More


The Perfection of Habit

David Decosimo

in Ethics as a Work of Charity: Thomas Aquinas and Pagan Virtue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790635
eISBN:
9780804791700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790635.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter reconstructs Thomas’s account of habit demonstrating its philosophical plausibility, tracing its textual origins, and displaying its capacity to bring distinctively human agency into ... More


Descartes’s Pyrrhonian Virtue Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183268
eISBN:
9781400883059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183268.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses how Descartes uses his principle of clarity and distinctness to raise his first-order judgments to the scientia level. Error is what one must avoid, not just falsity; so he ... More


Foucault and the Notion of Ars Erotica: Pleasure as Desubjectivation

Sanjay K. Gautam

in Foucault and the Kamasutra: The Courtesan, the Dandy, and the Birth of Ars Erotica as Theater in India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226348308
eISBN:
9780226348582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226348582.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter One sets up some of the main themes of the book by way of an exploration into Foucault’s contrast between scientia sexualis or science of sexuality and ars erotica or erotic arts in the first ... More


Ritualism Revived: From to Consumer Rites

Kathryn Lofton

in Consuming Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481937
eISBN:
9780226482125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226482125.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter looks at a little-known episode in church history to think about how ritual became such a market force. In the nineteenth century, the Anglophone world was caught up in a crisis defined ... More


Religion and the Authority in American Parenting

Kathryn Lofton

in Consuming Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226481937
eISBN:
9780226482125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226482125.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter reimagines the history of parenting as a subject for the study of religion. Through a schematic historical description of parenting in the United States, it tracks the expanded ... More


Thomas’s Intellectual Project

Frederick Christian Bauerschmidt

in Thomas Aquinas: Faith, Reason, and Following Christ

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199213146
eISBN:
9780191762734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213146.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the nature of Thomas Aquinas’ intellectual project. It begins by considering a view of Aquinas that is believed to be wrong — the view of Aquinas as one who is engaged in a ... More


Fides Quaerens Intellectum

Frederick Christian Bauerschmidt

in Thomas Aquinas: Faith, Reason, and Following Christ

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199213146
eISBN:
9780191762734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213146.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Aquinas believed that human reason, unaided by revelation, not only tells us things about the natural world, but can provide an austere account of the existence of God. He also held that reason plays ... More


Scientia and Self-Knowledge in Descartes

Nicholas Jolley

in Causality and Mind: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669554
eISBN:
9780191763076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669554.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the Second Meditation Descartes famously claims that mind is better known than body. This chapter argues that when Descartes defends the superiority of self-knowledge, he is not claiming to have ... More


Hartford Puritanism: Thomas Hooker, Samuel Stone, and Their Terrifying God

Baird Tipson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780190212520
eISBN:
9780190212544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212520.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, History of Christianity

Although their statues grace downtown Hartford, Connecticut, few tourists understand how the founding ministers of Hartford’s First Church, Thomas Hooker and Samuel Stone (after whose English ... More


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