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Laboratory Apocalypse

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI is transmitted to roboticists and AI researchers through science fiction and is expressed in pop science as a means of raising the cultural prestige of research and researchers and ... More


The Science Wars, Ecology, and the Left

Dana Phillips

in The Truth of Ecology: Nature, Culture, Literature in America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195137699
eISBN:
9780199787937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137699.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In the academy, the so-called Science Wars of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s were waged largely by those on the left who were interested in the theories and findings of the several disciplines in which ... More


What Feminist Science Studies Can Offer

Janet A. Kourany

in Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter takes up the feminists’ normative questions regarding science introduced in chapter 1 together with the various feminist science studies approaches they have engendered—the ... More


A Plea for Science Studies A Plea for Science Studies Philip Kitcher

Philip Kitcher

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This essay contrasts two views of science that are popular in Science Studies: the realist-rationalist approach, and the socio-historical perspective, and calls for an integration of the best ... More


The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Centered Theory of Science

Ronald N. Giere

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The question that frames this chapter is how humans have managed to learn such amazing things as the age of the universe. After briefly reviewing logical, methodological, historical, and social ... More


How Like A Reef: Figuring Coral, 1839–2010

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the history of coral reef science by drawing on the work of the feminist science studies scholar Donna Haraway. This history moves from early British preoccupations with coral ... More


Science, Technology, and Innovation

Wendy Faulkner, Jacqueline Senker, and LÉa Velho

in Knowledge Frontiers: Public Sector Research and Industrial Innovation in Biotechnology, Engineering Ceramics, and Parallel Computing

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288336
eISBN:
9780191684586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288336.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

During the 1960s when post-war optimism regarding benefits brought about by expenditures on RD&D experienced a decline, research on the industry-PSR linkage that is policy-oriented emerged from ... More


The Acting Person in Science Practice

Lisa M. Osbeck and Nancy J. Nersessian

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter questions the appropriate unit of analysis for the psychology of science. There is an integration problem in science studies with two aspects: an artificial divide between sociocultural ... More


The End of Science, the Central Dogma of Science Studies, Monsieur Jourdain, and Uncle Vanya The End of Science, the Central Dogma of Science Studies, Monsieur Jourdain, and Uncle Vanya Norman Levitt

Norman Levitt

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

John Horgan’s well-known book, The End of Science, maintains that much of science has reached a stage where it can only generate “ironic” ideas, so called because there is little hope that they can ... More


The Truth of Ecology: Nature, Culture, Literature in America

Dana Phillips

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195137699
eISBN:
9780199787937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137699.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This book surveys trends in environmental thought in the US from the mid-19th century to the present day. Its author's chief interest is in ecocriticism — a new field of inquiry that focuses on ... More


What the World Needs Now: Learning About and Acting on Autism Research

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This conclusion returns to the question of love as both a subject and a method for research on autism. Many researchers now agree with parents that although autism is a useful term for describing a ... More


What the Social Text Affair Does and Does Not Prove What the Social Text Affair Does and Does Not Prove Alan D. Sokal

Alan D. Sokal

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This essay analyzes what Social Text’s publication of a parody of the author’s article does and does not prove about the prevailing intellectual standards in the cultural studies of science. It ... More


In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Mark Carey

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Climate change is producing profound changes globally. This environmental history analysis offers a much needed but barely examined ground‐level study of human impacts and responses to climate change ... More


Big Science and “Big Science Studies” in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

Elena Aronova

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Big Science’ as a notion was coined in 1960 by physicist Alvin Weinberg and physicist-turned-historian Derek de Solla Price, and immediately became the center of heated discussions in the U.S. ... More


Symbolic Interactionism in Social Studies of Science

Adele E. Clarke and Elihu M. Gerson

in Symbolic Interaction and Cultural Studies

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226041179
eISBN:
9780226041056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226041056.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Before the 1930s, questions about the nature of science were usually linked to the development of the sociology of knowledge and to philosophical debates. Many philosophical perspectives were used to ... More


Netting Truth: Ludwik Fleck's Constructivist Genealogy

Barbara Herrnstein Smith

in Scandalous Knowledge: Science, Truth and the Human

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620234
eISBN:
9780748671670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620234.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Noting the problematic status of standard realist notions of truth as correspondence to an autonomous reality, the chapter describes the radical reconceptualizations of truth, knowledge, scientific ... More


The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Howard Marchitello

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

The reassessment of the ‘two cultures’ of art and science has been one of the most urgent areas of research in literary and historical studies over the last fifteen years. The early modern period is ... More


Scandalous Knowledge: Science, Truth and the Human

Barbara Herrnstein Smith

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620234
eISBN:
9780748671670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620234.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book contextualizes, explains and defends the radically new ways of understanding science, truth and knowledge associated with constructivist epistemology and contemporary science studies and ... More


Laboratory Life and the Economics of Science in Law

David S. Caudill

in Latour and the Passage of Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748697908
eISBN:
9781474416061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697908.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Issuing a bold and, in light of current preoccupations with AIME, untimely call for the continued relevance of Laboratory Life, David Caudill’s chapter realigns the question of Latour’s value for ... More


Large Dams, Technopolitics, and Development

Christopher Sneddon

in Concrete Revolution: Large Dams, Cold War Geopolitics, and the US Bureau of Reclamation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226284316
eISBN:
9780226284453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284453.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Large dams, brought into being through a combination of technological prowess, engineering expertise and political-economic calculation, have radically altered humanity’s relationship with planetary ... More


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