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Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

David B. Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the relationship between science and politics and argues for a balance between scientific independence and government oversight and control. It uses ethical theories and historical ... More


The Tools of Science: Dialectics and Children's Literature

Julia L. Mickenberg

in Learning from the Left: Children's Literature, the Cold War, and Radical Politics in the United States

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195152807
eISBN:
9780199788903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152807.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter takes as its point of departure the launch of the Soviet satellite, Sputnik, in 1957 and the subsequent passage of the National Defense Education Act, which, as part of its program of ... More


 The Dangers of Creationism

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Creationists and some conservative politicians are allies in a culture war that threatens science education in the United States. The threat comes from religious ideologies, such as Intelligent ... More


Science Education

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter gives some background to the debate about teaching evolution in public schools and discusses some key legal cases. It examines political versus scientific control over science education, ... More


Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Deepak Kumar

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book focuses on the development of colonial science in British India, together with its social and economic implications. It analyses the nature and working of the relationship between ... More


Religion and Science Courses

Warren A. Nord

in Does God Make a Difference?: Taking Religion Seriously in Our Schools and Universities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199766888
eISBN:
9780199895038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766888.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that schools and universities are obligated to educate students in introductory science courses about alternative ways of making sense of nature, religious alternatives included, ... More


Public Money and the Public Good

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter examines changing modes of support for scientific research and science education. The X-men were deeply committed to the expansion of science education but, contrary to historiographical ... More


Model-Based Instruction: Fostering Change in Evolutionary Conceptions and in Epistemic Practices

Clark A. Chinn and Luke A. Buckland

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Conceptual change in the domain of evolution requires two simultaneous changes: changes in students’ theoretical conceptions (i.e., developing a proper understanding of evolutionary models) and ... More


Encountering Counterintuitive Ideas: Constructing a Developmental Learning Progression for Evolution Understanding

E. Margaret Evans, Karl S. Rosengren, Jonathan D. Lane, and Kristen L. S. Price

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides evidence for a developmental learning progression, which can bridge the gap between everyday intuition and scientific reasoning about evolutionary change. First, it describes ... More


Science in Education

Deepak Kumar

in Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the early 1870s, the importance of science education in India was gaining recognition. In 1875, the Madras University decided to evaluate its matriculation candidates in geography and elementary ... More


Challenges and Opportunities for Teaching and Designing Effective K–12 Evolution Curricula: Fostering Change in Evolutionary Conceptions and in Epistemic Practices

Paul M. Beardsley, Mark V. Bloom, and Sarah B. Wise

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes studies (up to 2009) on approaches to teaching evolution that provide evidence of effectiveness for teaching about evolution. Few studies exist at the elementary and middle ... More


Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Karl S. Rosengren, Sarah K. Brem, E. Margaret Evans, and Gale M. Sinatra (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book presents new ideas for why the acceptance and understanding of evolution and related concepts is so difficult for both children and adults. Drawing from diverse fields, the contributors ... More


Refugees in Education: What Can Science Education Contribute?

Pierre Léna

in Humanitarianism and Mass Migration: Confronting the World Crisis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520297128
eISBN:
9780520969629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297128.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on one particular aspect of education for refugee children, namely science education, in the various contexts these refugees encounter, especially when immersed in cultures away ... More


Foundations in Education, Research, and Development

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

After 1959, Cuba's higher-education system expanded greatly. In addition, many institutions (BTJ, ANIR, FCT, SCIT, etc.) were established to encourage technological innovation. Science education was ... More


“An Investment in the Future of America”:: Competing Pedagogies in Post-Sputnik Museums, 1957–1969

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

in Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After Sputnik’s launch, science and natural history museum directors urged the federal government to invest more heavily in the informal education that museums offered. But what constituted effective ... More


Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Once defined primarily by their collections, by the end of the twentieth century, American natural history and science museums had become institutions defined largely by their displays. This book ... More


“Two-Thousand Years of Stasis”: How Psychological Essentialism Impedes Evolutionary Understanding

Susan A. Gelman and Marjorie Rhodes

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines how psychological essentialism poses a set of conceptual obstacles to a full grasp of evolutionary theory for ordinary (non-expert) children and adults. Specifically, this ... More


The Big Battalions

Jack Morrell

in Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206576
eISBN:
9780191677229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206576.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the developments in the teaching of mathematics and chemistry at Oxford University in England from 1914 to 1939. These two were the largest final honours schools in science ... More


Water as the Context for Community-Based Science Projects: Teaching the Next Generation

Carol Hanley and Kelly Taylor

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the educational practices employed to motivate young people to become interested and study science careers. Educators of the University of Kentucky (UK), College of Agriculture, ... More


Commentary on Section I: Constrained Learning: Reframing the Problem of Evolution Understanding and Implications for Science Education

Anna Thanukos, Karl S. Rosengren, and E. Margaret Evans

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the content of the first section of the book highlighting factors that influence the acceptance and understanding of evolution. These factors are described as constraints ... More


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