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Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Gale Sinatra and Barbara Hofer

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How do individuals decide whether to accept human causes of climate change, vaccinate their children against childhood diseases, or practice social distancing during a pandemic? Democracies depend on ... More


Science Denial

Adrian Bardon

in The Truth About Denial: Bias and Self-Deception in Science, Politics, and Religion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190062262
eISBN:
9780190062309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190062262.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses different interpretations of the denial of science consensus, with a focus on climate science denialism. It investigates whether, in addition to elite manipulation of public ... More


What Is the Problem and Why Does It Matter?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Science denial, doubt, and resistance are not new. Galileo challenged the prevailing geocentric view of our solar system and was dismissed as a heretic. What is the history of science denial, what’s ... More


What Can We Do About Science Denial, Doubt, and Resistance?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this final chapter, “What Can We Do About Science Denial, Doubt, and Resistance?,” the authors summarize and expand their suggestions for improving public understanding and acceptance of ... More


The Inquisition of Climate Science

James Powell

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157193
eISBN:
9780231527842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157193.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Modern science is under the greatest and most successful attack in recent history. An industry of denial, abetted by news media and “info-tainment” broadcasters more interested in selling controversy ... More


How Do Individuals Think About Knowledge and Knowing?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In everyday encounters with new information, conflicting ideas, and claims made by others, one has to decide who and what to believe. Can one trust what scientists say? What’s the best source of ... More


Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Science That Will Save Us, Revised and Updated Edition

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197547458
eISBN:
9780197547489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547458.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book explores the many reasons why people refuse to acknowledge scientific evidence when making health decisions, looking at key drivers of science denial. It examines the psychology and ... More


What Role Can Science Education Play?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In international tests, the United States lags behind other developed nations in scientific knowledge, consistently scoring in the middle of the pack, motivating calls to strengthen the science ... More


How Do Emotions and Attitudes Influence Science Understanding?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Science is often portrayed as a cold, dispassionate enterprise. The notion that science is an emotionless pursuit is mistaken. In Chapter 7, “How Do Emotions and Attitudes Influence Science ... More


Charismatic Leaders

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

in Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Science That Will Save Us, Revised and Updated Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197547458
eISBN:
9780197547489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547458.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the second factor in promoting science denial: charismatic leaders, who are perhaps the biggest and most formidable opponents to rational understanding and acceptance of ... More


How Do We Make Sense of Science Claims Online?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Science doubt, resistance, and denial have been amplified in the digital society. There is a previously unimaginable range of information available, and most people can no longer imagine life ... More


What Motivates People to Question Science?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

From the safety of eating genetically modified organisms to whether mask-wearing reduces the spread of infectious diseases like COVID-19, battle lines are drawn around scientific issues once resolved ... More


Avoidance of Complexity

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

in Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Science That Will Save Us, Revised and Updated Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197547458
eISBN:
9780197547489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547458.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes another reason people succumb to unscientific notions—the discomfort people have with complexity. It is not that people are incapable of learning the facts but rather they are ... More


Confirmation Bias

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

in Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Science That Will Save Us, Revised and Updated Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197547458
eISBN:
9780197547489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547458.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines confirmation bias, which refers to people’s tendency to attend only to information that agrees with what they already think is true. Confirmation bias is responsible for not ... More


How Do Cognitive Biases Influence Reasoning?

Gale M. Sinatra and Barbara K. Hofer

in Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190944681
eISBN:
9780190944711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944681.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Individuals like to think of themselves as rational actors, careful and considered in their thinking and capable of sound and reliable judgments. Yet people often engage in automatic, reflexive ... More


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