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Developing Innovative Competences in Different Institutional Frameworks

Richard Whitley

in Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities: The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199205172
eISBN:
9780191709555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter extends and integrates the analysis of innovation systems presented in Chapter 3 and the account of how different firms develop different kinds of organizational capabilities outlined in ... More


Innovation policy for Japan in a new era

Tateo Arimoto

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Among the most prominent policy attempts to reshape Japan's innovation system has been moves to create an environment conducive to basic research and breakthrough innovations. This chapter reminds us ... More


Is National Technology Policy Obsolete in a Globalised World?: The Japanese Vision

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter begins with a brief discussion of the convergence hypothesis, which argues that there has been a convergence in the economies of the major industrialized countries in the post‐World War ... More


Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Maureen McKelvey

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This book examines the initial commercial uses of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is one of the most modern, controversial and dynamic of the science-based technologies. It is not an object, ... More


Integrated Solutions to Complex Problems: Transforming Japanese Science and Technology

Masaru Yarime

in Japan: The Precarious Future

Published in print:
1953
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479889389
eISBN:
9781479830893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479889389.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Japan caught up with the West by initially importing scientific knowledge, adapting it to local circumstances, learning from trial and error, and then innovating better technologies. With the rise of ... More


Visions of Future Technologies: Government, Globalisation, and Universities in Japanese Biotechnology

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An outline is first given of several influential views regarding the role of the Japanese government and universities in the area of biotechnology. The role of the Japanese Ministry of International ... More


Science, Technology, and Innovation

Wendy Faulkner, Jacqueline Senker, and LÉa Velho

in Knowledge Frontiers: Public Sector Research and Industrial Innovation in Biotechnology, Engineering Ceramics, and Parallel Computing

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288336
eISBN:
9780191684586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288336.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

During the 1960s when post-war optimism regarding benefits brought about by expenditures on RD&D experienced a decline, research on the industry-PSR linkage that is policy-oriented emerged from ... More


The Legend Computer Group Company: A Model of ‘One Academy, Two Systems’

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

The Legend Computer Group Company was listed as the largest enterprise in the Chinese information technology industry. Officially, the company describes itself as a new type of state-owned enterprise ... More


New Partners

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter discusses the emergence of new partners and alliances of the AHRB. In 2000, Brian Follet was appointed as the Chairman of the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB). As the appointed ... More


Kelvin and the Development of Science in Meiji Japan

Colin Latimer

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The modern era in Japan is normally considered as beginning in 1868 when the feudal age, or Edo era, finally ended. The Emperor Meiji declared the restoration of Imperial rule in January 1868 (the ... More


Science and Technology between the World Wars

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A sustained discourse about the relationship between science and technology only emerged after World War I. This discourse drew on the nineteenth-century concept of applied science. But applied ... More


Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Deepak Kumar

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book focuses on the development of colonial science in British India, together with its social and economic implications. It analyses the nature and working of the relationship between ... More


A False Start

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

In general, modern governments invest only a small portion of the national income to the generation of new knowledge. In the United Kingdom, the Department of Science and Industrial Research carried ... More


A New Mode of Technology Learning

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

This chapter examines the consistent pattern with regard to the trajectories of technology learning or capability acquisition among the four enterprises from the case studies and describes the ... More


Some Final Thoughts

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This final chapter presents a collection of topics which relate to the status of science in society, and to its conflicts with other systems of thought. Topics covered include order and chaos, ... More


Conclusions for Science and Technology

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter draws some conclusions about science and technology based on the theoretical and empirical discussions in previous chapters. Both scientific and technological activities involve ... More


Science and Technology Parks for Sustainable Development

Salah M. El-Haggar

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with the main features of science and technology parks (STPs) in general, and science and technology parks for sustainable development (STPSDs) in particular. An STP is a cluster ... More


Radical Holiness and Plainfolk Modernism

Roger Glenn Robins

in A. J. Tomlinson: Plainfolk Modernist

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195165913
eISBN:
9780199835454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165918.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the ways radical holiness captured, reflected, and embraced the tenor of its times. The qualities associated with modernity pervaded the movement’s culture and ideology. These ... More


What is Science?

Robin Feldman

in The Role of Science in Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368581
eISBN:
9780199867455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368581.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter highlights key moments in which science emerges and separates from other types of intellectual inquiry. In particular, it focuses on three periods of history that are critical to the ... More


Brain-science and education in Japan

Hideaki Koizumi

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0100
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

From the viewpoint of neuroscience, learning and education can be defined as the processes of making neuronal circuits in response to external stimuli, and of controlling or preparing appropriate ... More


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