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Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Robert B. Louden

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have grown increasingly sceptical toward both morality and moral theory. Some argue that moral theory is a radically misguided enterprise which does not illuminate moral ... More


From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

A. A. Long

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book presents eighteen essays on the philosophers and schools of the Hellenistic and Roman periods: Epicureans, Stoics, and Sceptics. The discussion ranges over four centuries of innovative and ... More


Hellenistic Ethics as the Art of Life

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the idea of philosophy as the art of life, studying the foundations and implications of this idea, with a view to asking whether some version of it can still be useful to ... More


Aristotle and the History of Greek Scepticism

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The purpose in this chapter is not to cast doubt on Aristotle's dogmatic credentials, but rather focuses on a series of questions that seem to have gone largely unasked. How far is Aristotle aware of ... More


Scepticism About Gods

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The philosophical sceptic attacks, in the doctrines of his rivals, not or not primarily the traditional features of the gods that the doctrinaire schools retain, but the rational innovations — the ... More


Looking Beyond the ‘K‐Word’: Embedded Multilateralism in American Foreign Environmental Policy

Stephen Hopgood

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Presents an analysis of multilateralism in American foreign environmental policy, focusing on the issues of ozone depletion, climate change, and biodiversity, and arguing that the evolution of US ... More


Multiculturalism, Identity Quietism, and Identity Scepticism

Avigail Eisenberg

in Reasons of Identity: A Normative Guide to the Political and Legal Assessment of Identity Claims

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199291304
eISBN:
9780191710704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291304.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Two types of critics oppose any role for identity in democratic politics. On one hand, identity quietists are advocates of multiculturalism who believe that multicultural principles can be applied ... More


Attitudes and Approaches to Representation

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses sceptical, empirical, and rational views regarding mental representations. It begins with scepticism because the concerns of the sceptics must be understood if representational ... More


Self‐Refutation and the Sorites

R. J. Hankinson

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines a passing hint of Cicero's — one which has generally been either ignored or treated simply as a joke — that the sorites may be applied to itself, or to the more general notion ... More


The Disturbing Theses

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Early Stoic political philosophy is misrepresented in the sources—as recommending such practices as anthropophagy and incest—mostly because of the large role that the Sceptics had in transmitting the ... More


Introduction

David Charles

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

Definition was a central topic in Greek philosophy from the time of Socrates onwards. This introductory chapter distinguishes three interconnected problems about definition: (i) What is to be ... More


Theology in the Scientific World 1

Thomas F. Torrance

in God and Rationality

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192139481
eISBN:
9780191670077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192139481.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

When a posteriori science came into view during the 16th century and had experienced classical developments during the 17th century, this modern science was referred to as dogmatic science. This is ... More


The notion of enargeia in Hellenistic philosophy 1

Katerina Ierodiakonou

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This paper sketches the development of the notion of enargeia from a term of ordinary language to a technical term in ancient epistemology, and in particular the shift that takes place in the ... More


Is Consensus Required in the Pursuit of Truth?

Nicholas Rescher

in Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236016
eISBN:
9780191679162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236016.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the importance of consensus in the pursuit of truth. It discusses the philosophy of prominent exponents and advocates of cognitive consensus including Aristotle and his ... More


The Philosophical Argument

Arvind Sharma

in Are Human Rights Western?: A Contribution to the Dialogue of Civilizations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679489
eISBN:
9780199081714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the argument that human rights may be considered Western in the sense that the attempt to universalize them has philosophically failed. It considers the sceptical stance towards ... More


Retreat at Cassiciacum

George Lawless

in Augustine of Hippo and his Monastic Rule

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267416
eISBN:
9780191683244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267416.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Several months in late 386 and early 387 were very likely the most tranquil in Augustine's life. Once again he was not alone. Monica managed the house; her other son Navigius was there. Also in ... More


Finding Room for Other‐Concern

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Cyrenaics are hedonists who have difficulty finding a stable place in their theory either for one's life as a whole or for other‐concern. Epicurus tries to avoid their problems by his theories of ... More


The Sceptics: Untroubledness Without Belief

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Sextus Empiricus represents the only school of ancient scepticism to have developed views on happiness as our final end. He gives arguments to dislodge our commitment to all positive theories of ... More


Introduction

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book's methodology is set out: we must be critically aware of the theoretical assumptions we bring to the study of ancient ethics, or we risk importing anachronism. The limits of the ancient ... More


The Sceptics: Accepting What Is Natural

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Ancient sceptics, both Pyrrhonian and Academic, cannot appeal to nature as other philosophers do without falling into the commitment to beliefs that they seek to avoid. Nonetheless, they rely on ... More


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