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Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Anandi Hattiangadi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book provides a response to the argument for meaning scepticism set out by Saul Kripke in Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. Kripke asks what makes it the case that anybody ever means ... More


The Elusive Virtues of Contextualism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the contextualist analysis of the sceptical argument. It argues that the contextualist ‘good news’ about the availability of ordinary-context ‘knowledge’ cannot be stated given ... More


Can we do Without Semantic Facts?

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores Kripke's sceptical solution. Supposing that the sceptical argument is sound, what prospect is there for a sceptical solution, in other words one that embraces the conclusion ... More


Overriding versus Undercutting Anti-Sceptical Strategies

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the radical sceptical paradox, at least insofar as it made use of the BIV sceptical hypothesis: BIV-Based Radical Scepticism qua Paradox — (BIV1) I don't know that I'm not a ... More


Radical Scepticism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out a radical sceptical argument: (S1) I am unable to know the denials of radical sceptical hypotheses. (S2) If I am unable to know the denials of radical sceptical hypotheses, then ... More


Mooreanism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a three-part response to radical scepticism, a response which mirrors in key respects the ‘commonsense’ proposal often ascribed to G. E. Moore (and which is regarded with almost ... More


Radical Scepticism and Quietism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Although there are some important similarities, this particular undercutting way of responding to the radical sceptical problem is ultimately significantly different from a quietistic response to ... More


Concluding Remarks

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter summarizes the discussions in Part 3 of the book. It has been shown that epistemological disjunctivism can be successfully applied to the problem of radical scepticism, at least provided ... More


Introduction

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of the book, which is to defend semantic realism against Kripke's sceptical attack. According to the semantic realist, to understand ... More


The Sceptical Argument

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents the sceptical argument as Kripke formulated it. It argues that the argument is deficient in a number of respects, and suggests how the thesis that meaning is normative — to ... More


Norms and Normativity

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter lays out the meta-ethical arguments and assumptions Kripke would need to make in order to remove the gaps in the sceptical argument as he presents it. It considers a more detailed ... More


Reductionism

Anandi Hattiangadi

in Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers more sophisticated reductionist responses to the sceptical argument — that is those which seek to find the fact that constitutes someone's meaning something by a word among the ... More


Conclusion

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

After a survey of the rival positivist and sceptical schools in modern Islamic studies, causes are sought for the extraordinary success of the Arabs. It is acknowledged that the established great ... More


Problems of and Explanations for Evil

Michael J. Murray

in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers an overview of recent attempts to argue that evil provides powerful if not decisive reasons for rejecting theism. Those arguments aim to show that we have sufficient reason to ... More


Self‐Refutation and the Sorites

R. J. Hankinson

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines a passing hint of Cicero's — one which has generally been either ignored or treated simply as a joke — that the sorites may be applied to itself, or to the more general notion ... More


Underdetermination and Evidence

Alexander Bird

in Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply from Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218844
eISBN:
9780191711732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218844.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that the sceptical empiricist argument, and by extension any argument like it, fails. It considers the concept of evidence, endorsing Williamson's view that all and only knowledge ... More


Knowledge-Closure and Skepticism

Marian David and Ted A. Warfield

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with some preliminary remarks about epistemic closure principles, knowledge-closure principles in particular, and the role of knowledge-closure principles in sceptical ... More


Hume's Philosophical Insouciance

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes Hume's justification for continuing his project of constructing a science of human nature (writing the last two books of the Treatise) in the concluding section of Book One, in ... More


Historical Scholarship and the Layperson: A Case Study

C. Stephen Evans

in The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263975
eISBN:
9780191600579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019826397X.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter begins with a brief survey of what has been covered in the book. It then goes on to look at the problem of questions about the truth of the incarnational narrative, pointing out that an ... More


Conclusions: Deeper Encounters With Historical Scholarship and Prospects for Apologetics

C. Stephen Evans

in The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263975
eISBN:
9780191600579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019826397X.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This concluding chapter continues the ‘case study’ of ‘James’, a young man raised in a non-Christian home who is converted to Christianity but subsequently exposed to sceptical claims about the ... More


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