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The transition economies: A NATREX evaluation of research 1

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

On the basis of the NATREX model, several key studies are evaluated to answer the questions: How can the trends in the real exchange rates of the transition economies of Eastern Europe be explained? ... More


Evolution of bird flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Bird flight began to evolve some 150 million years ago. This chapter discusses typical structures of the oldest bird-like fossils of Archaeopteryx. Conflicting scenarios — the arborial and cursorial ... More


THE KNOWING ORGANIZATION

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter introduces an information-based view of organizations — a model of how people and groups in organizations work with information to accomplish three outcomes: (1) create an identity and a ... More


Avoiding the Winner's Curse

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

In many cases, company executives have turned away from continuing on a path to actually winning a venture that they started pursuing. This chapter examines the reason why these managers were willing ... More


Developing predictive models

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The effective management of natural resources use requires a mechanistic understanding of the system, not just correlations between variables of the kind discussed in Chapter 4. Understanding may ... More


Site Conceptual Exposure Models

James R. Rocco, Elisabeth A. Stetar, and Lesley Hay Wilson

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the development of a site conceptual exposure model for evaluating current and potential future risks to human health associated with exposures to radionuclides in the ... More


Extra Long Life: Ethical Aspects of Increased Life Span

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The prospect of extra-long life spawns a bloom of ethical issues, among them how to achieve intergenerational equity; how to balance health care entitlements with rising costs for the elderly; how to ... More


Divide and Conquer

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter considers instances in which widening the political base for reform may still be desirable, but is practically unfeasible. This scenario typically emerges when the benefits from reform ... More


How to Reform: Pulling the Strings

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents a synthesis of the case studies discussed in the preceding chapters. European countries faced with increasing globalization, intensifying international competition, or the rise ... More


Evidence and Theory of Reforms

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter analyses reform over time across countries and sectors. Four scenarios for reforms are identified. In a scenario characterized by strong concentration of power in the hands of the ... More


Prospects for Economic Cooperation and Integration in East Asia

Yung Chul Park

in Economic Liberalization and Integration in East Asia: A Post-Crisis Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276776
eISBN:
9780191603051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276773.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Numerous institutional and political issues are hampering East Asian integration. The most important are the absence of leadership, and the different geopolitical interests of China and Japan. The ... More


Schumpeter: Capitalism, Flexicurity, and Democracy?

Peter Flaschel and Alfred Greiner

in Flexicurity Capitalism: Foundations, Problems, and Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751587
eISBN:
9780199932825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751587.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 3 starts from Schumpeter's investigation of the possibility of a Western type of competitive socialism that successfully not only solves the coordination problem, but also the incentive ... More


THE CLIMATE SYSTEM

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter discusses the main components of the climate system and how changes in these can affect climate. The climate system is driven by the incoming solar radiation and the atmospheric and ... More


A primer on default logic

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The goal of this first chapter is to motivate and develop a very simple prioritized default logic. The chapter begins by introducing default rules as well as prioritized default theories. It then ... More


CLIMATE MODELLING

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter presents three levels of climate modelling, beginning with the simple energy balance models that provide a quick evaluation of the climatic impact of changes in key climatic parameters, ... More


Conclusion

Phillipa K. Chong

in Inside the Critics' Circle: Book Reviewing in Uncertain Times

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691167466
eISBN:
9780691186030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167466.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter illustrates how the different types of uncertainty structure how fiction reviewers operate. Common to the preceding chapters is the finding that when confronted with different types of ... More


National Missile Defence and the Politics of US Identity: A Poststructural Critique

Natalie Bormann

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074707
eISBN:
9781781701331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074707.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Why adopt a poststructural perspective when reading about the military strategy of national missile defence (NMD)? Certainly, when considering how best to defend the United States against attack by ... More


Pursuing Views and Testing Commitments: Hypothetical Questions in the Psychiatric Assessment of Transsexual Patients

Susan A. Speer

in Why Do You Ask?: The Function of Questions in Institutional Discourse

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195306897
eISBN:
9780199867943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306897.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter, written by Susan Speer, considers the role of hypothetical questions (HQs) in interactions between psychiatrists and transsexual patients in a British gender identity clinic. The ... More


The Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Reflective Questions in Genetic Counseling

Srikant Sarangi

in Why Do You Ask?: The Function of Questions in Institutional Discourse

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195306897
eISBN:
9780199867943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306897.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter, written by Srikant Sarangi, examines reflective questions in genetic counseling sessions. According to Sarangi, such sessions are characterized by an “ethos of nondirectiveness” ... More


The Philosophical Basis of What? The Anti-Realist Route to Dialetheism

Jon Cogburn

in The Law of Non-Contradiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199265176
eISBN:
9780191713989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265176.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Dummettian anti-realists have traditionally argued that verificationism entails giving up the law of excluded middle for discourses such as mathematics, which contain warrants that cannot be ... More


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