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Ecosystem functions and services

Cagan H. Sekercioglu

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Cagan H. Sekercioglu recapitulates natural ecosystem functions and services. Ecosystem services are the set of ecosystem functions that are useful to humans. These services make the ... More


Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Çagan H. Sekercioglu, Daniel G. Wenny, and Christopher J. Whelan (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Birds are conspicuous, ubiquitous, and arguably the best studied group of vertebrates on the planet. Birds are also observed by millions of passionate birdwatchers worldwide. Birds engage in numerous ... More


Ecosystem Services Provided by Avian Scavengers

Travis L. DeVault, James C. Beasley, Zachary H. Olson, Marcos Moleón, Martina Carrete, Antoni Margalida, and José Antonio Sánchez-Zapata

in Why Birds Matter: Avian Ecological Function and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226382463
eISBN:
9780226382777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226382777.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Carrion is a unique food resource compared to live prey, and animal species are adapted to using carrion to varying degrees. Across all climates, ecosystems, and habitats, most carcasses are used at ... More


Sanitation Law and Policy in India: An Introduction to Basic Instruments

Philippe Cullet and Lovleen Bhullar (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199456703
eISBN:
9780199085453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199456703.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Sanitation has received little attention from policy-makers and lawyers for a long time although it was not completely outside the purview of laws and policies in India. However, the past couple of ... More


Global Supply Chains in Chinese Industrialization: Impact on Waste Scavenging in Developing Countries

Martin Medina

in Pathways to Industrialization in the Twenty-First Century: New Challenges and Emerging Paradigms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199667857
eISBN:
9780191749308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199667857.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Recycling in developing countries relies on the activities carried out informally by scavengers or waste pickers. These activities have existed for centuries, supplying raw materials that industry ... More


The Little World of Marine Particles

Matthieu Roy-Barman and Catherine Jeandel

in Marine Geochemistry: Ocean Circulation, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198787495
eISBN:
9780191829604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787495.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Although they often represent a few tens of micrograms per liter, marine particles play a key role in the regulation of the ocean’s chemistry. They are diverse in nature (living or non-living, ... More


Introduction

Kaveri Gill

in Of Poverty and Plastic: Scavenging and Scrap Trading Entrepreneurs in India's Urban Informal Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060864
eISBN:
9780199080175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060864.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is about poverty and the urban informal sector, as engaged in by the garbage collectors or scavengers and the plastic recycling or scrap trading entrepreneurs of Delhi. It explores a ... More


Waste as Informal Sector Work: Measuring Income Poverty, Inequality, and Deprivation

Kaveri Gill

in Of Poverty and Plastic: Scavenging and Scrap Trading Entrepreneurs in India's Urban Informal Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060864
eISBN:
9780199080175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060864.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses data collected from a household survey to assess and compare poverty, inequality, and deprivation levels of waste worker groups engaged at the lowest level of the informal ... More


Interlinked Contracts and Social Power: Patronage and Exploitation in the Waste Recovery Market *

Kaveri Gill

in Of Poverty and Plastic: Scavenging and Scrap Trading Entrepreneurs in India's Urban Informal Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060864
eISBN:
9780199080175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060864.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the nature of the exchange relations between two groups of informal labourers engaged in waste scavenging and recovery — waste pickers and itinerant buyers and their respective ... More


Environmental Safety

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0032
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

For these to occur, there is a need for combustible material, oxygen and a source of ignition. The risk of these being present results from the use of high oxygen partial pressures and the use of ... More


Zoon Politicon: The Evolutionary Roots of Human Sociopolitical Systems

Herbert Gintis and Carel van Schaik

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our primate ancestors evolved a complex sociopolitical order based on a social dominance hierarchy in multi-male/multi-female groups. The emergence of bipedalism and cooperative breeding in the ... More


Circling Vultures: Life and Death at the Dull Edge of Extinction

Thom van Dooren

in Flight Ways: Life and Loss at the Edge of Extinction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166188
eISBN:
9780231537445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166188.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores extinction as a drawn-out and ongoing process of loss by examining the lives of vultures. Vultures are “obligate” scavengers—they do not opportunistically alternate between ... More


Food for Dogs

Franco Cristiana

in Shameless

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520273405
eISBN:
9780520957428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273405.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter offers an interpretation about the dog's necrophagy by focusing on the prevalent image of the dog as a devourer of corpses in the Homeric poems Iliad and Odyssey and its scavenging ... More


Going Shopping

Joshua O. Reno

in Waste Away: Working and Living with a North American Landfill

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520288935
eISBN:
9780520963771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288935.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter considers the mass consumption of new commodities as a choice not to scavenge from mass waste. In contemporary North America, commodities are swaddled in disposable materials that secure ... More


Using Dental Microwear to Understand the Dietary Behavior of Domestic Dogs in Precontact North America

Amanda Burtt and Larisa R. G. Desantis

in Dogs: Archaeology beyond Domestication

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813066363
eISBN:
9780813058573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066363.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Research presented here employs Dental Microwear Texture Analysis (DMTA) to better understand food sharing among people and dogs in the Late Precontact Northwestern Plains and Midwest. DMTA is used ... More


Hominin Evolution and Stone Tool Scavenging and Reuse in the Lower Paleolithic

Adam Brumm, Matt Pope, Mathieu Leroyer, and Kate Emery

in Squeezing Minds From Stones: Cognitive Archaeology and the Evolution of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190854614
eISBN:
9780190854645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854614.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines evidence for what may be a key stage in the evolution of human cognition: the scavenging and reuse of stone artifacts by Lower Paleolithic hominins, as demonstrated by ... More


Safai Karmachari Andolan: An Insider’s Account

Bezwada Wilson

in The Right to Sanitation in India: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199489855
eISBN:
9780199095544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489855.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter is a first-hand exposition of the issue of manual scavenging from the point of view of the community. It provides a brief narrative history of how the manual scavenging community in ... More


Invisible Inequalities: An Analysis of the Safai Karmachari Andolan Case

Shomona Khanna

in The Right to Sanitation in India: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199489855
eISBN:
9780199095544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489855.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Started in 1997, Safai Karmachari Andolan (SKA) is a national movement for eradicating the practice of manual scavenging—an occupation which involves cleaning of dry latrines with tin plates and ... More


Prohibition of Manual Scavenging and Protection of Sanitation Workers

Philippe Cullet and Lovleen Bhullar (eds)

in Sanitation Law and Policy in India: An Introduction to Basic Instruments

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199456703
eISBN:
9780199085453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199456703.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the social aspects of sanitation, which include the practice of manual scavenging and the working conditions of sanitation/sewage workers. It includes excerpts from ... More


Eco-casteism: Sulabh and the Denial of Dalit Existence

Mukul Sharma

in Caste and Nature: Dalits and Indian Environmental Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199477562
eISBN:
9780199090969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199477562.003.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

This chapter examines some of the significant lines of environmental conceptions in India since the 1980s. It pays critical attention to caste and its expression or marginalization in environmental ... More


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