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Energy, Equity, and Economic Development

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There exists the misconception that the percentage of energy used by households declines with development. However, the reverse is true: the use of modern energy by households increases both ... More


Introduction

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This introductory chapter distinguishes between the functional and the personal distribution of income. Sections of the chapter include wants and scarcity, positive and normative aspects of income ... More


Beating the Paradoxes of Emerging Markets: Strategies for Reaching the Consumers at the Bottom of the Pyramid

Guillermo D'Andrea

in Can Latin American Firms Compete?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233755
eISBN:
9780191715549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233755.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter reviews the strategies of Latin American companies that have attained leading positions in the region, facing and beating major global companies in their product categories. The ... More


Using Resources: The First‐Order Problem of Knowledge

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first order problem of knowledge is identified as follows: In light of the multitude of individuals and associations, each with their own ever‐changing and potentially conflicting personal and ... More


The Limits of Universality: How Field‐Specific Epistemic Conditions Affect Authority Relations and their Consequences

Jochen Gläser, Stefan Lange, Grit Laudel, and Uwe Schimank

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the ways in which differences between scientific fields affect the impact of changing authority relations on research goals and approaches. Comparing proximate and remote ... More


Marine Wildlife Policy: Underlying Ideologies

Michael L. Weber

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on the ideologies that underlie and play a major role in determining the policies of government, management, and even science. Ideology is defined as “the body of doctrines, ... More


Neo‐liberal Rights: A Wider Perspective

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the critique of rights when they extend beyond protecting negative liberty as set out in Chapter 5. First of all, if the idea of negative liberty is defective, then so too is ... More


International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides an interdisciplinary approach for considering international water management under conditions of increased scarcity and variability (both present and future as a result of climate ... More


Prehistory to the 1880s

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Numerous historical reports of elk numbers by early travelers, when scaled on a temporal basis, show that observations were infrequent, that elk were a much smaller fraction of all ungulate species ... More


A Water Perspective on Population, Environment, and Development

Malin Falkenmark

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240692
eISBN:
9780191714269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240692.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter attempts to integrate population growth, environment, and development, taking as its starting point that fact that the water-cycle may be seen as the central clockwork of the biosphere. ... More


Orangutan distribution, density, abundance and impacts of disturbance

Simon J. Husson, Serge A. Wich, Andrew J. Marshall, Rona D. Dennis, Marc Ancrenaz, Rebecca Brassey, Melvin Gumal, Andrew J. Hearn, Erik Meijaard, Togu Simorangkir, and Ian Singleton

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Knowledge of the density and distribution of the endangered orangutan is essential both for their conservation and to identify ecological factors that limit their population size. The authors of this ... More


Everything But a Gun to Their Heads: The Politics of Labor Scarcity and the Birth of World War II Guestworker Programs

Cindy Hahamovitch

in No Man's Land: Jamaican Guestworkers in America and the Global History of Deportable Labor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691102689
eISBN:
9781400840021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691102689.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the second phase in the history of guestworker programs. The mobilization for World War II led once again to rising wages and thus to the rekindling of interest in temporary ... More


Growth Diagnostics *

Ricardo Hausmann, Dani Rodrik, and Andrés Velasco

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most well-trained economists would agree that the standard policy reforms included in the ‘Washington Consensus’ have the potential to be growth-promoting. What the experience of the last fifteen ... More


The Division of Labour and the Theory of Value

Gloria Vivenza

in Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296669
eISBN:
9780191597008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296665.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with some analogies between Adam Smith's and Plato's thought about the division of labour, and Adam Smith's and Aristotle's formulations concerning economic value. The two parts of the chapter ... More


Environmental Security in Africa

Ilias Bantekas

in Protecting Human Security in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199578986
eISBN:
9780191595202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578986.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines all the elements that bring about environmental insecurity, such as deforestation and land degradation, the role of population densities, and pollution of the natural ... More


The Root Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies

FRANCES STEWART

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains the coverage of book, which is about the role war, hunger, and displacement as the main causes of humanitarian emergencies. This book examines the political and economic causes ... More


Water Scarcity as a Source of Crises

ASHOK SWAIN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the importance of water for human survival and economic development and the role of water scarcity as a source of crises or humanitarian emergencies. It mentions studies about ... More


Introduction: Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Water Management—Match or Mismatch?

Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

in Controlling the Water: Matching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082927
eISBN:
9780199082247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

In recent years we can see a growing pressure on land and water resources, increasing water scarcity, and intensifying competition between sectors, water uses, and water users. Processes of ... More


The Triumph of Utilitarianism and the Marginalist Revolution

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279142
eISBN:
9780191602887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279144.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Exposes the basic principles of neoclassical theoretical system and then provides an answer to the question: was the marginalist a real revolution? The specific contributions of Jevons, Menger, and ... More


Entering a New Era

Thirsk Joan

in Alternative Agriculture: A History: From the Black Death to the Present Day

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208136
eISBN:
9780191677922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208136.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses the second experience of alternative agriculture which returned after an interlude of some 100 to 150 years. The ... More


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