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Atomic Force Microscopy

Peter Eaton and Paul West

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an amazing technique that allies a versatile methodology (it allows the imaging of samples in liquid, vacuum or air) to imaging with unprecedented resolution. But it ... More


Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

C. Julian Chen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and the atomic force microscope (AFM), both capable of visualizing and manipulating individual atoms, are the cornerstones of nanoscience and nanotechnology ... More


 Neuroimaging

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes different forms of brain imaging, laying out their design and limitations. It explains the ways brain scans can help to diagnose mental disorders, as well as to monitor the ... More


Three-Dimensional Laser Imaging in an Archaeological Context

Andrew M. Wallace

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This chapter discusses the strengths and weaknesses of techniques of 3D laser imaging based on time of flight and triangulation. Laser scanning by triangulation is a fully developed technology. ... More


Interpretation of Ancient Runic Inscriptions by Laser Scanning

Jan O. H. Swantesson and Helmer Gustavson

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

Traditionally, investigations of runic inscriptions have been conducted in the field by eye, and by feeling the outlines of the runes with fingers. Although photographs have been used to describe ... More


The selective observer

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

All observations are a selection of all the animal behaviour that could be observed. This chapter discusses what this means in terms of designing a research project. Selection has to be made about ... More


Psychophysiological Recording

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This text contains a revised edition of a book on psychophysiological recording. The book includes information on the most up-to-date equipment used today to do brain scanning and discusses other ... More


How computing has changed statistics

Brian D. Ripley

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the effects on statistical work of the massive increase in the availability of computers and in their speed and storage capacities. The questions tackled concern the use of ... More


INTERPOLATION BY TRANSLATION

D.M. Gabbay and L. Maksimova

in Interpolation and Definability: Modal and Intuitionistic Logics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198511748
eISBN:
9780191705779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198511748.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter proposes some uniform algorithmic methodology for finding interpolants in various logic. It operates with translations of non-classical logics into classical first-order theories and ... More


Historical Perspectives of Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Harry T. Chugani and Ajay Kumar

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Imaging modalities have evolved over the last century and different modalities, such as plain X-ray, air or contrast ventriculography, pneumo-encephalography, cerebral angiography, CT scan, MRI, ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Brain Glucose Metabolism in Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes

Aimee F. Luat and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning using 2-deoxy-2-[18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) has significantly improved our understanding of the pathomechanisms of different pediatric ... More


Memory Scanning, Visual Search, and Same-Different Designs

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines three classes of closely-related experiments called memory scanning, visual search, and matching. Topics discussed include memory scanning and visual search; the serial, ... More


The Sasanian relief at Rag-i Bibi (Northern Afghanistan)

FRANTZ GRENET, JONATHAN LEE, PHILIPPE MARTINEZ, and FRANÇOIS ORY

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the rock carving in Rag-i Bibi in northern Afghanistan. The rock carving is situated a kilometre south of the village of Shamarq and its name literally means Veins of the Lady; ... More


Imaging Takabuti: Radiology and Osteology

Eileen Murphy, Robert Loynes, and Judith Adams

in Life and Times of Takabuti in Ancient Egypt: Investigating the Belfast Mummy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781800348585
eISBN:
9781800852433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781800348585.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In 2008, Takabuti was taken to Manchester Royal Infirmary where radiography and CT-scanning were performed; recent analysis has revealed several unexpected and unusual features. Initially, the scans ... More


NATURAL SCENES AND ACTIVITIES

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with eye movements while viewing natural scenes and engaging in visual activities. It starts with a discussion of early descriptive studies of picture scanning. The concept ... More


Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Hanna Damasio

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195165616
eISBN:
9780199864041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165616.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This book provides an atlas of the normal human brain based on three dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance scans obtained in normal living adults as well as neurological patients with ... More


Empirical Research; Philosophical Conclusions

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers and others have alleged that empirical research on happiness has important implications for some long‐standing philosophical questions about happiness. The distinguished British ... More


Introduction

Peter Eaton and Paul West

in Atomic Force Microscopy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the background to AFM, placing it in the context of other microscopic techniques. It describes some major highlights of AFM, illustrating the power of the technique. It describes ... More


Analytical techniques for studying and characterizing polymorphs

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter reviews the variety of analytical methods used in the investigation and characterization of molecular solids in general, and varieties of crystal forms in particular. The fundamental ... More


The surface of ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Especially at temperatures approaching the melting point, the surface of ice has properties significantly different from the bulk, and the surface is sometimes referred to as having a ‘liquid-like ... More


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