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Asymptotic Relaxation Laws

Wolfgang Götze

in Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids: A Mode-Coupling Theory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235346
eISBN:
9780191715600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235346.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In order to identify the essential items of the mode-coupling-theory scenarios, this chapter describes asymptotic expansions of the correlation functions for small frequencies and small separations ... More


Quantum phase transitions

G. G. Batrouni and R. T. Scalettar

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses quantum phase transitions (QPT). It starts with a brief review of thermal phase transitions, critical exponents and scaling laws. The scaling laws are then generalized to the ... More


Why bother going outside: the role of observational studies in understanding biodiversity–ecosystem function relationships

Simon F. Thrush and Andrew M. Lohrer

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines how observational studies can help in the design, execution, and interpretation of biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships. It first analyses the heterogeneous nature of ... More


Prospects of Cities

Rutger van Santen, Djan Khoe, and Bram Vermeer

in 2030: Technology That Will Change the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195377170
eISBN:
9780197562680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195377170.003.0036
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

There’s a greater than 50 percent chance that when you look through your window, what you see is a landscape of concrete, asphalt, and cars. More than half the world’s population lives in cities, ... More


Percolation and universality

Joseph F. Boudreau and Eric S. Swanson

in Applied Computational Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198708636
eISBN:
9780191858598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198708636.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Percolation deals with global properties of random configurations of local objects. While simple to implement in models, understanding percolation requires skill in pattern recognition and analysis. ... More


12 Resource Partitioning and Biodiversity in Fractal Environments with Applications to Dryland Communities

Mark E. Ritchie and Han Olff

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Arid and semiarid ecosystems (drylands) often contain a higher diversity of animals and plants than would be expected from their low productivity. High spatial heterogeneity of resources and physical ... More


Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Stefan Thurner, Peter Klimek, and Rudolf Hanel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198821939
eISBN:
9780191861062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821939.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is a comprehensive introduction to quantitative approaches to complex adaptive systems. Practically all areas of life on this planet are constantly confronted with complex systems, be it ... More


Energetic Size Effect in Quasibrittle Fracture

Zdeněk P. Bažant, Jia-Liang Le, and Marco Salviato

in Quasibrittle Fracture Mechanics and Size Effect: A First Course

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192846242
eISBN:
9780191938573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192846242.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The energetic size effect, transitioning from ductile behavior at small structure sizes to brittle behavior at large ones, is a quintessential feature of all quasibrittle fracture. Its analytical ... More


Econophysics and Financial Economics: An Emerging Dialogue

Franck Jovanovic and Christophe Schinckus

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190205034
eISBN:
9780190205065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205034.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

How can we create a profitable dialogue between financial economists and econophysicists? This book moves beyond the disciplinary frontiers in order to initiate the development of a common ... More


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