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NON-EQUILIBRIUM NETWORKS

S. N. Dorogovtsev and J. F. F. Mendes

in Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet and WWW

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515906
eISBN:
9780191705670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515906.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter describes in detail the preferential attachment mechanism. It starts with growing networks with exponential degree distributions, and then considers structural characteristics of basic ... More


Self-organization of networks

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter demonstrates how the evolution of a network shapes its complex architecture. It starts with a discussion of recursive networks, in which attachments are to nodes chosen uniformly at ... More


Ethical Codes in Small Worlds

Peter A. Gloor

in Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Ethical codes are developed by COINs as a means to ensure the honesty, transparency, consistency, and meritocracy that make COINs function successfully. This chapter explains ethical codes and how ... More


Lectures on Complex Networks

Sergey Dorogovtsev

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book provides a concise modern introduction to the science of complex networks. The book is based on lectures for university students and non-specialists. The aim is to introduce the world of ... More


Scale-Free Networks: Complex Webs in Nature and Technology

Guido Caldarelli

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199211517
eISBN:
9780191705984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211517.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A variety of different social, natural and technological systems can be described by the same mathematical framework. This holds from the Internet to food webs and to boards of company directors. In ... More


Percolation and network resilience

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A discussion of the site percolation process on networks and its application as a model of network resilience. The chapter starts with a description of the percolation process, in which nodes are ... More


From the Internet to cellular nets

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses and compares the structural properties of a few basic man-made and natural networks. It explains the principal difference between two global networks — the Internet and the ... More


Network Awareness in Agent-based Models

Akira Namatame and Shu-Heng Chen

in Agent-Based Modeling and Network Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198708285
eISBN:
9780191779404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198708285.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 2 reviews the development of the network-based agent-based models. From the behavioral and decision-making perspective of agents, the network-based agent-based model is accompanied by the ... More


Epidemics

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

It has been argued that epidemics have played a major role in human history. For example, the arrival of the British in Australia triggered a deadly wave of smallpox infections, with the estimated ... More


The structure of real-world networks

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter brings together the ideas and techniques developed in previous chapters, applying them to a range of real-world networks to describe and understand the structure of those networks. ... More


Network Dynamics

David D. Nolte

in Introduction to Modern Dynamics: Chaos, Networks, Space, and Time

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198844624
eISBN:
9780191880216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844624.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A language of nodes and links, degree and moments, and adjacency matrix and distance matrix, among others, is defined and used to capture the wide range of different types and properties of network ... More


Models of network formation

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes models of the growth or formation of networks, with a particular focus on preferential attachment models. It starts with a discussion of the classic preferential attachment ... More


The configuration model

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A discussion of the most fundamental of network models, the configuration model, which is a random graph model of a network with a specified degree sequence. Following a definition of the model a ... More


Networks and Politics: The Case of Human Rights

David Lazer

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 9, political scientist and scholar of social networks David Lazer gives an overview of the standard tools of social network analysis. He explains how network dynamics can be useful for ... More


The Measure of Life

David D. Nolte

in Galileo Unbound: A Path Across Life, the Universe and Everything

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198805847
eISBN:
9780191843808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805847.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This final topic of the book extends the ideas of dynamics in abstract spaces of high dimension to encompass the idea of a trajectory of life. Health and disease become dynamical systems defined by ... More


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