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The Infant Industry Argument

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Presents a comprehensive exposition of various possible bases for an infant industry argument for protection. It distinguishes dynamic internal economies and dynamic external economies and, in the ... More


London as an International Financial Centre, 1980–2000: Global Powerhouse or Wimbledon EC2?

Richard Roberts

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The prosperity of the international financial services industry in the 1980s and 1990s stimulated other financial centres to try to boost, or just retain, their share of activity. Challenges were ... More


Amalgamations: Post‐Merger Performance

Roger Undy

in Trade Union Merger Strategies: Purpose, Process, and Performance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544943
eISBN:
9780191719936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544943.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

Dominant‐partner amalgamations are briefly discussed before focusing on balanced‐partner amalgamations. The outcomes of dominant‐partner amalgamations are similar to those generated by transfers. In ... More


 Why Companies Invest Overseas

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The seemingly simple explanation of why a company invests overseas — to seek greater profits — is inadequate to provide satisfactory insight into the multiple rationales for establishing foreign ... More


A New Territorial Order

You‐tien Hsing

in The Great Urban Transformation: Politics of Land and Property in China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199568048
eISBN:
9780191721632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568048.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Chapter 8 broadens the scope of this book and makes programmatic connections both between the urbanized local state and China's emerging territorial order, and between civic ... More


Building an International Financial Services Firm: How Successful Firms Design and Execute Cross-Border Strategies

Markus Venzin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199535200
eISBN:
9780191701153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535200.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

A new era of global banking and insurance is emerging, with leading banks eager to serve international markets. This book explores the issues that arise for banks in their strategic choices as they ... More


Monopoly, Market Structure, and Economies of Scale

W. Max Corden

in Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the effects of protection on domestic monopoly profits, allows for economies of scale, and analyses the X‐efficiency effects of protection, rent‐seeking, and various kinds of dumping.


The Scale of Investments

G. B. Richardson

in Information and Investment: A Study in the Working of the Competitive Economy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292432
eISBN:
9780191596810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292430.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The efficiency of any system or market structure cannot be judged by the equilibrium configuration of production with which it is associated. As change is unceasing, it is necessary to consider how ... More


The Dynamics of Media Concentration: A Model

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Since World War II, the information sector in the United States has been evolving through three stages: the stages of limited media, multichannel media, and digital media. In the lengthy stage of ... More


Verdoorn's and Kaldor's Laws

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Labour productivity has grown at different rates in similar industries in different countries. Verdoorn suggested that this could be explained by faster rates of growth of output leading to economies ... More


Economies of Scale in Nineteenth-Century American Manufacturing Revisited: A Resolution of the Entrepreneurial Labor Input Problem

Robert A. Margo

in Enterprising America: Businesses, Banks, and Credit Markets in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226261621
eISBN:
9780226261768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261768.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

In a classic paper, Kenneth Sokoloff argued that the labor input of entrepreneurs was generally omitted from the count of workers in manufacturing establishments in the early US censuses of ... More


Industrialism

John Hicks

in Economic Perspectives: Further Essays on Money and Growth

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284079
eISBN:
9780191596421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284071.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter explores the meaning of industrialism. It considers some of the consequences which follow when industrialism is defined as ‘science-based technical progress embodied in physical ... More


Trade in Infrastructure Services: A Conceptual Framework

Philippa Dee and Christopher Findlay

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses what many infrastructure industries have in common — economies of scale or scope — and how this poses some significant policy challenges for successful trade policy reform. ... More


Extending the Model

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Surveys extensions to the mainstream models that were introduced in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s: higher dimensionality (Sect. 1), tariffs in the rest of the world (Sect. 2), the terms of trade (Sect. ... More


The New Regionalism

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the new regionalism that emerged in the mid‐1980s. By downplaying the significance of trade diversion and emphasizing scale‐based and pro‐competitive benefits of integration, the new ... More


Scale and Scope: Coinage, Arbitrage, and Bimetallism

Marc Flandreau

in The Glitter of Gold: France Bimetallism and the Emergence of the International Gold Standard 1848-1873

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257867
eISBN:
9780191601279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257868.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 6 documents the role of arbitrage networks on the operation of bimetallism. Focusing on the experience of the Rothschilds, its shows how bankers organized themselves in order to take ... More


Introduction

William J. Collins and Robert A. Margo

in Enterprising America: Businesses, Banks, and Credit Markets in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226261621
eISBN:
9780226261768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261768.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a collection of seven original research papers by leading scholars of American economic history that were presented at a conference held at Vanderbilt University in December 2013 and ... More


Trade and Development

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Starts with an illustration of the effect of growth on the terms of trade between a rich and a poor country, using a simple comparative‐static framework. Next, we study the pro‐competitive effects of ... More


North America

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with empirical work on North American regional trading arrangements. Section 1 reports estimates of the impact of a free trade area between the USA and Canada. This literature was innovative in ... More


Trade and the Gains from Trade in the Presence of Decreasing Costs and Imperfect Competition

Mary E. Lovely and Devashish Mitra

in Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680405
eISBN:
9780191760266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Mary Lovely and Devashish Mitra explore an important class of alternative models of trade based on economies of scale. They present four different types of scale economies, derived from distinctions ... More


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